- The causes of the disease
- Vaccination against diseases
- Complications after vaccination measles-rubella-mumps
In connection with the possible consequences that carry diseases children’s group, extremely relevant preventive measures, the first of which is the vaccination against the diseases measles, rubella, mumps.
In order to understand why the role of preventive measures in the case of this disease, is to understand the reasons for its occurrence. This will be discussed in this article.
The causes of the disease
The cause of such diseases as
) is the penetration into the blood of a microorganism is the causative agent of the disease. As described viral disease, in this case, the causative agent is a virus belonging to the togaviridae group.
Transmission of rubella among people standard. Most often, this occurs through airborne droplets by direct contact with an infected person. Moreover, a carrier of the infection, the person becomes immediately after penetration of the virus in his body.
Also, this disease belongs to the group of diseases that can be transmitted transplacentally way. In other words, through the placenta of pregnant women, rubella can be transmitted to fetus and cause him irreparable harm. This is one of the most dangerous consequences of the disease.
Vaccination against diseases
Despite the apparent ease in the treatment of children’s diseases, they can carry heavy consequences, affecting patients, from the earliest years. So instead of having to wait when the child will catch the disease from their peers, it is better to develop immunity to it.
As immunity to most viral diseases, the body produces after a single transfer of the disease
is a great way to prevent them. For this reason, for more than fifty years, the national vaccination calendars, as the mandatory preventive measures included vaccination against the emergence of these diseases.
Most young parents are faced with the vaccination calendar for the first time, you can get lost in the abundance of required and recommended preventive measures. Therefore, in regard to vaccinations against rubella, measles and mumps children will discuss in detail in this section.
The vaccination schedule of measles-rubella-mumps
The most often heard question about when do vaccinations, vaccination against rubella, measles and mumps. According to the national
the child is carried out two times. First, at the age of one year, then, at the age of 6 years is the vaccine diseases measles, rubella and mumps.
There are also cases where vaccination against rubella is made by adult patients. Vaccination is prescribed in cases where
- when planning or development of pregnancy tests show low levels of antibodies that protect against togaviridae disease
- for some reason, the timing of vaccination have been missed.
In the case that the child, at the age of one year, had produced the necessary vaccinations in 6 years is vaccination and re-vaccination measles-rubella-mumps. In this case, the interval of five years to follow is no longer necessary, so the patient gets at a time two shots. So, at what age is vaccination against the disease rubella a big role, in addition to the risk of catching the disease at an early age, not playing.
However, there is an important caveat, which is that up to what age can be vaccinated against rubella adults. For example, for male patients it is possible to implement vaccination against rubella only until the age of sixteen. Therefore, prevention of this disease to the parents of the boy need to catch up to this age.
In terms of girls, the situation is simpler. Moreover, young women are often recommended vaccination against rubella after the onset of 25 years. It is especially important to introduce the vaccine during pregnancy or in its early stages.
When planning or pregnancy vaccinated against rubella do when the results of the tests, antibodies, responsible for combating virus-the causative agent of the disease, are at a level below the required. And since the disease can cause great harm to the child, the immunity of a young mother needs support. In this case, is vaccinated against rubella, carried out before or during pregnancy.
In connection with what is said above, in order to answer the question about how many times vaccinated against rubella, you should consider the gender and age of the patient. Vaccination against rubella children is carried out twice. The representatives of the female half of humanity it may be implemented three times or more with additional vaccinations during pregnancy. Men this procedure is carried out not more than two times until the age of sixteen.
The procedure of vaccination
The reason for the great concern of parents is the question, where do such vaccination vaccination measles-rubella-mumps. In all cases, the vaccine is administered subcutaneously. And in order to be effective, it is necessary that, when administered subcutaneously, on her way met the fat layer.
For this reason, you select a few most appropriate areas. So, if vaccination of a child one year of age, vaccination is carried out on the outer side of the thigh. As for where to do an injection with revaccination measles-rubella-mumps, which takes place in six years, the procedure selects the area of the shoulder.
Many questions arise about this aspect of the procedure, as a preparation for vaccination measles-rubella-mumps, as well as possible after her swim. Specific recipes in this case. Instructions on how to prepare for vaccination of measles-rubella-mumps, you can get in a medical facility where it will conduct or directly from the physician.(
) Basically the recommendations are that patients with allergic reactions and chronic the course of appropriate drugs to maintain health after they were vaccinated measles rubella mumps. To bathe in the bathroom after vaccination undesirable, but showering is allowed, but more details should check with a physician.
The vaccine for the procedure
Vaccine measles-rubella-mumps can be both domestic and foreign production. Moreover, these can be three separate single or and two – or three-component preparation.
Regardless of the country of origin, all of the serum used for vaccination against rubella, are based on a weakened virus of the disease. In other words, the rubella vaccine is capable of causing the disease and to create a sustainable protective immune response against it. The most popular vaccine used, vaccination measles-rubella-mumps is called MMR-II (USA). To determine which vaccine is better from diseases measles, rubella and mumps, can only be qualified on the basis of data on the health status of the patient.
Also, often, patients the question arises, how many valid vaccination against rubella. Usually, vaccination against rubella has a validity of about 10 years. That is why it is repeatedly carried out in children and pregnant women.
Complications after vaccination measles-rubella-mumps
In most cases, and all categories of patients, such as adults, children, vaccination measles-rubella-mumps well tolerated. After the procedure you may experience a number of normal reactions of the body. For example, in the number that can be called as the effects of vaccination measles-rubella-mumps, considered
- swelling at the injection site
- the increase in body temperature (figure can reach to a level 39?C)
- sore throat and cough
- runny nose.
Runny nose (snot) after vaccination measles-rubella-mumps also temperature, may occur in 10% of patients at day 7-8 after vaccination. They are fast enough.
It often happens that after vaccination measles-rubella-mumps, the patient developed a rash on the body or inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and cough. This is considered a normal reaction in the case that these signs appeared on day 12-13 after vaccination. Otherwise, if after vaccination measles-rubella-mumps the time elapsed is less, it is said about the parallel development of inflammatory processes in the body.
Very rarely, but, nevertheless, the vaccine measles-rubella-mumps can have side effects. They can arise from intolerance to any component of the drug Il individual reaction of the organism. Among them can be observed such complications to the vaccine measles-rubella-mumps, as toxic or
(Allergy to components of product),
There are also contraindications to vaccination measles-rubella-mumps. They mean the abolition of vaccination for patients with acute infectious diseases, intolerance to components of the vaccine and disease immunity.