in Greek means the nerve and the pain. This is a symptom of existing disease rather than independent disease, it occurs in the course of the affected nerve. Pain is the main symptom. Pain can occur in almost any part of the body on the face, between the ribs, in the back of my head because nerve endings are everywhere.
Neuralgia nerve can be primary and secondary. In primary (essential) form of the disease the doctor does not detect other diseases. Secondary (symptomatic) diagnosed neoplastic, inflammatory and other clinical processes.
The causes of the disease are different. It can occur due to hypothermia, injuries, diseases of the nervous system. It can cause infections and bacteria in the body, negative effects of medicines and heavy metals. The disease develops as a result of problems with the spine and the cardiovascular system.
We have already mentioned that the main symptom of neuralgia is paroxysmal pain. Sometimes along with the pain, redness, lacrimation, convulsions. Often the pain becomes permanent, and then it is possible to only get rid of with painkillers.
Types of neuralgia
There are several types of diseases that depend on which nerve is affected.
In this state the patient feels a sharp pain that can suddenly pierce the jaw. Feel like an electric shock. The pain covers the entire lower part of the face and can reach the eye. Another way this condition is called neuralgia of the facial nerve.
In most cases, the cause is the pressure the arteries. It arises for two reasons. The first damage to the facial nerve branches. The patient complains of aching pain, it numbs one part of the face, the other becomes more sensitive. The second damage to the brain centers of the nerve. In this case, the shooting pain suddenly arising. Skin sensitivity significantly reduced.
Most often, these lesions affect women after 40 years, at least their counterparts-men. However, the disease can befall small children.
This condition is caused by various diseases transferred by colds, injuries, infections, diseases of the lungs and pleura, etc. encircling the Patient feels chest pain, often on one side. The pain increases when coughing, sneezing, movement of the torso. Against this background, the loss of sensitivity.
The reasons for the development of this disease called injuries, osteochondrosis, pathology of the lungs, pleura, heart. The condition may occur due to the presence of tumors, increased muscle tone.
Quite often on a similar problem complaining pregnant women in the second half of the period. At this time, the growing uterus compresses the rib cage, the intercostal space is deformed and is pinched nerves. Blame can be and low back pain.
Neuralgia of the sciatic nerve
The pain due to this condition covers a fairly large area of the body. This is partly due to the fact that the sciatic nerve is the largest in the human body. It begins in the lumbar spine, goes up and ends in the fingers feet.
The pain may be different. This and burning, and formication, and numbness, and shooting pain. Quite often the patient has several manifestations of the disease.
The cause of the problem can be very different injuries, excessive exercise, arthritis, diabetes, constipation, sedentary lifestyle, degeneration of vertebral discs.
Neuralgia occipital nerve
This state is characterized by headache. It occurs in the neck, often radiates to the eye and passes in front of the head. Pain throbbing, burning, mostly one-sided. Often it appears when you rotate the head and accompanied by nausea, vomiting, watery eyes.
As in the previous cases, the problem can cause injury, infections, low back pain, lesions of the spinal discs, as well as gout, osteoarthritis. Also at risk are people with diabetes, tumors in the cervical Department of the backbone, inflammation of the blood vessels.
In this case there is acute pain around the trunk of the nerve and its endings. This occurs because of nerve compression or irritation. Pain appear after injuries of the chest, due to allergic reactions, disorders of the Central nervous system from infections. Reason is the lowered immunity, diseases of the spine, the load on the spinal muscles. The disease causes the abuse of alcohol, lack of vitamins, heart disease.
This type of disease manifests unbearable pain in intercostal space that increases with sneezing, coughing, sudden movement. Sometimes the condition is accompanied by loss of skin sensitivity. Painful sensations are often distributed to the area of the heart muscle and the scapula, which in some cases is perceived as heart disease.
The affected nerve in this case makes itself felt dull or sharp pain. It is periodic, is accompanied by excessive sweating, muscle tremors, reddening or pallor of the skin. The disease begins with muscle spasms, palpable with an awkward movement, as well as elevated physical exercise, when making the body awkward postures. There is pain after hypothermia, stay in the draft, stress and back injuries. Thus there is a strain and spasm of the back muscles, and nerve endings are irritated, swelling occurs, resulting in and formed the pain.
When the pain spasm of the muscles increases, the nerve clusters in the area of the ridge zaselyalsya, the pain becomes stronger.
The most dangerous lesion in the lumbar region, because at risk is the sciatic nerve.
Neuralgia of the glossopharyngeal nerve
A rather rare form of the disease. It develops in 30-40 years of age, most often it affects women. Patients complain of paroxysmal pain in root of tongue or tonsil that give in the throat, ear, palate, lower jaw, lateral surface of the neck.
Often the condition is accompanied by copious salivation, cough, facial flushing, syncope with low blood pressure. Heart rate and muscles weaken, possible fainting.
The pain is paroxysmal, of varying strength from weakest to single crosses. The attack lasted about two minutes. Sometimes patients find the source of pain. Clicking this area begins a new attack. It may also cause swallowing saliva or food, the conversation, the bitter food. The disease becomes aggravated in the autumn and winter. There is a period of remission when the patient feels fine.
This form of the disease cause problems in the ENT organs, cancer, aneurysm of the carotid artery.
Sometimes trigeminal neuralgia similar in their symptoms with this disease but occurs first more often.
This kind of disease leads to loss of patient disability. Pain occur after suffering a herpes zoster and it is in those places where there were rashes. The symptoms appear after disappear manifestations of lichen.
The disease is characterized by sharp, throbbing, cutting pain. Sometimes it is so severe that hospitalization is required. Between bouts felt itching and tingling. Pain often arise after the human desire to scratch itchy places. The surface of the skin is numbed, there is a particularly severe reaction to external stimuli in the affected areas touching clothes, hands, change in temperature.
The disease, in rare cases, older patients can result in the paralysis and muscle weakness.
Diagnosed disease simply during the inspection. If necessary, the doctor can prescribe a together. If there was a scale effect on the nervous structure that occurs when a hernia, tumor, protrusion of the intervertebral disc, the prescribed magnetic resonance imaging.
As mentioned above, the pathology may be primary and secondary.
In secondary form, the emphasis is on treatment of the underlying disease. Therapy in primary forms involves injection of painkillers, intake of b vitamins, topically administered apimain. Shown and physiotherapy.
For the treatment of diseases of the used laser light, acupuncture, pulse current, magnetic and electromagnetic fields, ultrasound, infrared and ultraviolet radiation. If the above conservative methods fail, problem solve through surgery.
It is not necessary to self-medicate, it will only aggravate the disease.
- it is necessary to avoid drafts
- drinking, extreme sports, unhealthy lifestyles lead to injuries. No bad habits and moderate exercise will help to maintain health
- you need time to treat the disease, in the presence of chronic pathologies (diabetes, heart disease and blood vessels) to undergo periodic medical examination
- you need a proper diet, rich in vitamins and minerals.