it is an inflammatory disease of the uterus, which is caused by any infection in the body. Affects the entire uterine wall, and not part of it, as with endometritis.
There are two forms of acute and chronic. The acute form is characterized by edema of the myometrium, overflow of vessels with blood, bleeding. Due to swelling do not occur monthly. The process involved other bodies of the bladder and intestines. This form of the disease occurs a few days after the
Chronic metritis develops with repeated inflammation, frequent irritation of the uterus due to full bladder, sedentary life, bad conduct maternity period. In this case, the organ increases in size, loosened, becomes highly mobile. Pressure on adjacent organs bowel, bladder. Eventually the tissue solidifies, frowning.
Causes of inflammation of the uterus are different. It can cause various infections and staphylococcal
, Proteus, coli, diphtheria bacilli, Mycoplasma, anaerobic bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, virus
. The agent may be one or more.
Specific lesions of the uterus develop in
The disease develops in the ancestral period or outside it. The infection gets inside of the uterus. A particularly dangerous period of childbirth, abortion, menstruation, abnormal childbirth. Also the disease cause inflammation of the Appendix, extragenital diseases, injury of the uterus or the introduction of chemicals, wearing of the spiral.
For inflammation of the uterus the symptoms and treatment of the disease depends on the reasons for the development of the disease. There are a number of risk factors that contribute to the development of the inflammatory process. Among them include improper position of the uterus, stagnant plethora, hypothermia. During childbirth this is facilitated by bleeding, weak labors, anhydrous period.
For acute period is characterized by chills, fever. Characterize the inflammation of the uterus symptoms and other painful urination and diarrhoea. Pain localized in the abdomen, pay to the sacral region of the spine. Appear purulent discharge. Vaginal signs of the disease change the shape of the cervix. It lengthens and thickens.
Chronic inflammation of the uterus leads to the cessation of menstruation, reduction in the functions of the ovaries, frequent headaches, cause palpitations, development of hemorrhoids. The clinical condition is accompanied by discharge from the genital tract, uterine bleeding. The total power is reduced, the woman weakens and loses weight. In gynecology distinguish inflammation of the uterus four types catarrhal, purulent-catarrhal, necrotic and gangrenous.
For purulent-catarrhal form is characterized by the secretion of large amounts of mucus mixed with blood and pus. In the necrotic form, the discharge is brown, with fragments of fabric have an unpleasant odor. Especially difficult is gangrenous form of the disease, because it affects all layers of the wall. Highlight red-brown color, with bubbles of gas, have a very unpleasant smell.
The doctor explains the history of the number of abortions, childbirth, postponed intervention in the cavity of the body.
Laboratory blood tests on the content of leukocytes, erythrocyte sedimentation rate. In the diagnosis of disease is necessary to exclude pregnancy.
If diagnosed with metritis, the treatment takes place on a special plan. It includes non-pharmacological, pharmacological and physiotherapeutic methods.
As a non-pharmacological treatment bed rest, cold compresses on the lower abdomen.
In parallel, the patient is assigned drugs anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action of the pituitrin, oxytocin, broad-spectrum antibiotics, cephalosporin, semi-synthetic penicillins. Also use of symptomatic drugs analgesics and antipyretics.
If diagnosed with a delay of the ovum, talking about the pain of cramping nature, the bleeding and the ultrasound, are vacuuminsulated or scraping of the uterine cavity.
At the diagnosis of inflammation of the uterus, treatment includes physiotherapy. Prescribe a course of electrophoresis with zinc salts, iodine, magnesium. Effective ultrasound, packs of mineral wax, mud treatments. If the disease is accompanied by violation of the menstrual cycle, hormonal therapy shows.
In hospital used washing solution of antiseptic agents. To prevent the formation of adhesions that can prevent pregnancy, administered absorbable drugs.