is an inflammation of the mastoid process of the temporal bone (bony outgrowth, which is located behind the ear). Is mainly a complication of otitis media.
In the mastoid there are many small cavities, which resemble a honeycomb, as well as a cavity associated with the region of the middle ear (mastoid cave). This anatomical feature of the structure and is the site of infection from the middle ear to the mastoid process.
The mucous membrane and bone, located over the mastoid cells also undergo an inflammatory process (when the mucous membrane begins to secrete inflammatory fluid or exudate) in the mastoiditis. In the subsequent phases of disease progression, the bones begin to break down by osteoclasts (cells that destroy bone tissue). This destruction leads to the fact that the cavities are connected and the process extends to the next, which eventually leads to the formation of empyema, which contains pus. Under pressure the pus may spread to neighboring education and tissue.
The disease is very dangerous for its complications loss or hearing impairment, labyrinthitis, or facial nerve injury. You may also breakthrough of pus near the meninges, which begin to develop diseases such as
and so on.
If mastoiditis is the result
it in the main coincides with the period of recovery.
- re-body temperature rises
- there is a headache
- pain in the ear area
- a feeling of pulsation in the region of the ear
You may also notice symptoms such as tinnitus and hearing loss from the affected ear, redness in the ears, ear octopyranoside forward or down.
Atypical forms of the development of mastoiditis mastoiditis chronic form is the most dangerous, because it has no clear symptoms. While these forms could lead to destruction of bone and development of intracranial complications.
You can also see mastoiditis in which the signs of mastoiditis absent absent purulent mastoiditis, a painful, weak, or not manifested.
In General, mastoiditis is not an independent disease is a secondary form of otitis media, due to complications of which infection and enters the mastoid process and begins to progress. Is called mastoiditis the same pathogen that otitis media is a different viruses, staphylococci, fungi and streptococci. Otitis is often complicated by mastoiditis after the transfer
Factors that affect the development of the disease
- reduced the body’s resistance to infection
- reduced resistance after the transfer of viral diseases.
Mastoiditis in children can develop after suffering rickets, diathesis or at reduced power.
The primary stage of mastoiditis is very rare, mostly after the trauma of the mastoid process, or after specific lesions of the body.
Initially, at the first stage of mastoiditis, treatment of produce with the help of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Also, the doctor will prescribe vitamins, physiotherapeutic actions, sulfonamides and so on.
Then it is necessary to remove the pus from the cavity of the mastoid process, which makes myringotomy (pierce the eardrum and drain the pus).
If conservative treatment is ineffective and to no avail, then resorted to surgery to resolve mastoiditis, which the mastoid process and modified (due to disease progression) bone is removed.
Prevention of mastoiditis is a timely treatment of any arising health problems.