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Autism

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


Autism

mental illness that occurs as a result of violations occurring in the human brain. The disease can be diagnosed already at the age of three years, often the similarity of the symptoms can be attributed autism in children to other illness such as Asperger’s syndrome.

Reasons

Immediately it should be noted that unambiguous opinion on the nature of occurrence of this disease among scientists today do not exist. Over a long period the main reason was considered a violation of the structure of genes and their direct influence on synaptic connections in the cerebral cortex. However, in recent years, many scientists expressed the view that the rare mutations that arise during fetal development.

There is also a view on the effects of social factors, namely, the conditions surrounding the baby in the first years of his life. In addition, there are a number of unconfirmed scientific versions, among which is the vaccination of the newborn. The prevalence of the disease quite significant, on average, children with autism found six people from the thousands, while the ratio of boys to girls is 41.

Symptoms

The main manifestations of this disease is

  • the limited communication and contact with the outside world
  • narrow interests and repetitive, often repeated, actions
  • mental retardation
  • a substantial delay of speech development in a child
  • when talking noticeable that the child is experiencing significant difficulties, it can not be the first to start a conversation and maintain it with others
  • the patient often repeats memorized phrases, heard them earlier
  • the presence of such concepts as humor, veiled communication, the hidden meaning the patient is completely absent
  • there is a violation of sense perception, the slightest touch to the patient causes a state of discomfort.

Symptoms of autism in early childhood may also be a reluctance to play with toys or focusing on one of its parts. The child may make a number of unwarranted demands, namely to move through a strictly defined route, to carry out certain actions in a strictly prescribed manner. These children do not perceive parental affection, not love the collective sound and games, the child ignores the request to him, responding only to certain sounds.

Autism in adults manifested a peculiar fascination with certain themes, the characteristic movements, stereotyped thinking. The third part of the number of infected people can progress in their studies and careers, however, will always be significant difficulties in communication. Intelligence of adults cannot be above average, some observed ability to self-improvement, autism can memorize verses, to play musical instruments.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis in the early periods enables you to help to develop the child’s potential. For this reason, to develop autism, the symptoms of which can be determined already during the first years of a child’s life will be depending on timely diagnosis and qualified treatment.

To determine the stage of the disease there are many different programs, including tests and surveys, allowing to measure the level of intelligence of the child and the required stage of development. Also are examined and the development of the muscular system of the body, which in the disease may significantly lag in development.

Laboratory tests are appointed at the discretion of the physician and may include

  • magnetic resonance imaging, detection of changes in brain structure
  • electroencephalography in the presence of seizures characteristic of the disease
  • chromosome analysis in the case of burdened heredity.

Cause for concern the parents can be a situation when a child in one year does not produce typical for their age sounds, does not indicate the request on the subject, one and a half years the child does not say, and in two years – the simplest phrases. Timely diagnosis will enable you to apply appropriate treatment and help the child to develop fully.

Treatment

The main problem of treatment of this disease is that at the moment there is no single methods that can provide a full recovery from this disease. In addition, there are still disputes in fact, as to whether autism is a disease or special condition of the person?

In any case, the child needs to adapt to life in society, and for that he needs to provide adequate support. Not all children are destined to become full members of society, but many of them, upon reaching adulthood, can lead an independent life.

Children to specialized summer camps and educational centres specializing in the treatment of this disease, beneficial to the development of the child. The principle consists in an intense passage of various trainings, both individual and group.

Great success is in physiotherapy, music therapy and painting. This therapy allows to some extent to ease the signs of autism which can be substantially smoothed, helping to achieve compliance with the generally accepted standards of society.

In drug therapy is used exclusively symptomatic treatment, giving you the opportunity to remove anxiety, depression and manic States. The main drugs in this case are the inhibitors with the property of serotonin reuptake.

To the use of medicines must be approached in combination with other treatment methods, making them not only an additional effect on the body. The condition of the patient is very often accompanied by bouts of aggression, so perhaps the use of psychotropic drugs (sonapaks, haloperidol).

In addition, aggression and guilt can develop from their parents. Therefore, the solution to this problem should be approached comprehensively, and individually in respect of each individual case.

Autism can lead to serious complications and the development of associated psychiatric disorders, such as epilepsy.

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The problem of autism in children at today’s hearing. This disease is widely covered in the media, discussing his parents on forums and social networks. Perhaps there is no mom or dad that one day I would wonder if autism appear to have my baby?. What is this disease that is so difficult to recognize, the service DOC.UA says pediatric neurologist clinic Into-Sana Alexander Miroshnikov.


The problem of autism in children at today’s hearing. This disease is widely covered in the media, discussing his parents on forums and social networks. Perhaps there is no mom or dad that one day I would wonder if autism appear to have my baby?. What is this disease that is so difficult to recognize, the service DOC.UA says pediatric neurologist clinic Into-Sana Alexander Miroshnikov.