In connection with the possible consequences that has the disease, the extreme urgency of taking preventive measures, the first of which is vaccination. Usually, this measure provides protection from the occurrence in the body the three most common childhood illnesses measles, rubella and mumps, but what reaction will be when the vaccine will work, just impossible to predict.
This disease is extremely easily transmitted from person to person, the vast majority of cases affecting children of preschool and school age. For this reason, it is important to see whether the prevention of diseases such as
possible severe reactions to the vaccine. It will not bring any such action do more harm than good, will help you understand this article.
In order to understand what is the danger of the disease, you need to understand the peculiarities of its emergence and manifestation. We are talking about the causes and symptoms of rubella.
The reasons for the development of the disease
The main reason why the human body develops rubella, is entering the blood of a microorganism is the causative agent of the disease. In this case, the causative agent is a virus belonging to the togaviridae group.
The disease is transmitted most often through airborne droplets by direct contact with an infected person. Moreover, a carrier of the infection, the person becomes immediately after penetration of the virus in his body. And, due to the long incubation period of the disease, which is not less than two weeks, it happens for a long time until the first signs of the disease. This feature of rubella is often the cause of periodic outbreaks of epidemiological diseases among the population.
The main symptoms of the disease
The symptoms of rubella are divided into two categories: specific and General infectious. Usually, General infectious symptoms of measles occur several days prior to the specific. These include
- the weakness of the whole body
- a short increase in body temperature
- chills and joint pain
The manifestation of these symptoms may continue for from one to three days. Then comes the second cycle of rubella, which is manifested in the form of specific symptoms which include an increase in occipital and cervical lymph nodes and the appearance of characteristic disease lesions on the skin.
The body’s immunity to the togaviridae produced after one transfer of the disease. However, despite the apparent ease in treating the disease, it can bear heavy consequences, both for children and for adults. For this reason, since the second half of the twentieth century, in the national calendars of vaccination as a preventive measures introduced
rubella and other infectious diseases affecting children (measles and mumps).
Vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella according to the immunization schedule, the child is carried out at the age of one year and six years. This can be used vaccines, both domestic and foreign production.