Obstructive bronchitis has multiple causes, but the majority of cases develops due to the infection of human influenza virus, paragrippa (type 3), respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, rhinovirus, etc. When doctors examined the lavage of the bronchi in a patient with a diagnosis of obstructive bronchitis the cause of a disease can have an infectious nature. Thus, in the analysis of the observed DNA pathogens such as herpes virus, chlamydia, Mycoplasma.
When the patient is diagnosed
the causes of this disease can also be presence of lung disease in a chronic form of hereditary predisposition (it is not scientifically proven, however, frequently registered cases when obstructive bronchitis is diagnosed in several family members, including after separation).
Likely development of a disease, such as bronchitis obstructive, if the causes of the disease are in a bad environment, work in hazardous work, regular contact with dust and other loose substances that are harmful if inhaled into the body.
Obstructive bronchitis in adults may also occur as an allergic reaction to any allergen, pathogen. Often this is caused by mildew that occurs in damp rooms. The presence of mold fungi people do not always realize, however, prolonged contact with this fungus are able to cause the emergence of different diseases affecting the respiratory system, e.g. bronchial asthma.
In this disease, obstructive bronchitis symptoms and treatment can also depend on whether a person is an active smoker. Because Smoking has a significant influence on the development of such a disorder, obstructive bronchitis in adults.
Likely to develop bronchitis such people working in the mine, on construction sites, in agricultural, metallurgical industries, Railways, offices (with regular laser printers). The chronic form of the disease is mainly diagnosed in men.
The symptoms obstructive bronchitis
When the disease obstructive bronchitis symptoms in the majority of cases arise on a background of acute respiratory viral infection. When diagnosed obstructive bronchitis symptoms and treatment will depend on how quickly there are signs of bronchitis.
The patient first complains of elevated body temperature, the appearance of chills, weakness. The symptom clearly indicates the presence of disease of compulsive dry cough that becomes wet, as during a cough leaves a significant amount of sputum. Obstructive bronchitis has other symptoms, such as shortness of breath (occurs in severe disease), the presence of wheezing when breathing out (called a whistling exhalation).
In the presence of chronic obstructive bronchitis symptoms for a long time do not manifest themselves, the disease is in the latent stage. The symptoms are felt during periods of exacerbations and remissions, which are often caused by either respiratory disorders or overcooling.
If the patient has chronic obstructive bronchitis symptoms occur in periods of exacerbations, the degree of their manifestation depends on the level and stage of lesions of the bronchial tree. The patient first turns to the doctor with complaints of shortness of breath, cough, in which phlegm. The greater severity of symptoms have in the morning. During exacerbations of cough, which released purulent sputum, often gives a false assumption that these are symptoms of SARS. However, the more advanced the illness, the shorter the periods of remission and longer periods of exacerbations.
In addition to the cough observed wheezing, and shortness of breath can range from simple feelings of a lack of air (under normal physical activities) to severe degree in respiratory failure.
How to treat obstructive bronchitis?
After a clear diagnosis, patients interested in the question How to treat obstructive bronchitis?
Acute obstructive bronchitis in adults require treatment of the underlying disease, which led to the development of bronchial inflammation. In addition, it is necessary to restore impaired bronchial patency in a patient
Competent in the question of how to treat the obstructive bronchitis is the doctor a pulmonologist. In children obstructive bronchitis treatment involves suctioning mucus and secretions that have accumulated in the bronchi, by means of rubber cylinders or electric suction.
High efficiency has vibrating massage, and postural drainage. Also to improve the condition of the patient a hot foot bath or shared bath (if the patient is in a satisfactory condition).
In order to make the phlegm is not as thick, prescribe a warm drink (abundant), expectorant medicine. In order to remove the swelling from the bronchial mucosa, it is recommended to use a inhalation aerosol.
If you join a bacterial infection, and sputum stands out the pus, then an antibiotic is prescribed. And to strengthen the protective function of the organism, prescribe vitamin therapy.