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Sinusitis

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


Sinusitis

disease characterized by inflammation of the maxillary sinuses. This is one type of sinusitis (inflammation of the nasal sinuses), which is the most common. The disease leads to difficult or completely impossible nasal breathing.

Cause sinusitis is often a complication after the transfer of infectious diseases (scarlet fever, measles, influenza, etc.). Launched rhinitis (runny nose) can also cause sinusitis. In more rare cases, can affect the anatomical features of the nose (deviated septum, polyps).

The maxillary sinus is the paranasal sinuses, which occupy almost all the space in the body of the maxilla. Located on both sides of the nose and in a healthy condition filled with air. Swelling of the mucosa in the maxillary sinuses closes the so-called pin hole that leads to the accumulation of mucus, and further to the complex inflammatory process of the maxillary sinusitis.

It should also be noted that the cause of the inflammatory process can become a problems with teeth, presence of mouth infections. In the human organism everything is interconnected, so do not forget about the prevention of oral cavity to avoid inflammatory processes that are dangerous to the maxillary sinuses. Sinuses can become inflamed simultaneously, or only one. Often inflammation of the flows on and touches the other sinuses (frontal, main).

Acute sinusitis is characterized by the fact that the inflammatory process involved the epithelial cell layer, spongy tissue and blood vessels. While chronic sinusitis is characterized by the spread of the inflammatory process on bone wall and submucosal basis sinuses. As with any inflammatory process in the body, this disease is dangerous because tends to spread to nearby organs (for example, cause otitis media ear).

Reasons

Sinusitis may occur due to a number of factors. Most of all, his appearance provokes the presence of a viral or bacterial infection. Viral infections influence the development of the acute form of the disease, and bacterial (Streptococcus, chlamydia), respectively, in the chronic form.

The next that affects the development of sinusitis is a disease of the respiratory system, which overlaps the output hole of the maxillary sinus. Frequent diseases observed among frequently ill with tonsillitis, pharyngitis. And these are just a few of the disease, leading to sinusitis.

A deviated septum increases the risk of sinusitis because of the pathology of narrowing of the nasal passage.

Not an exception and different kinds of allergies, if you are experiencing a runny nose and, consequently, the accumulation of large amounts of mucus. This type of sinusitis is called allergic and it is often accompanied by conjunctivitis.

You should also re-draw the parent’s attention to oral hygiene, because children often ignore the rules, and such diseases as dental caries and pulpitis, can go to the maxillary sinus and cause sinusitis in children.

The signs of sciatica is easy to recognize. The main thing – not to run and not to bring the disease to a critical point.

Symptoms

As mentioned above, there are acute and chronic form of the disease.

For acute forms of sinusitis characterized by the following symptoms

  • headaches. Especially when a sudden head movements and tilts
  • acute pain in the region of the eye (near the nose)
  • pain in the nose when sneezing and coughing
  • pain in the upper teeth and cheeks
  • partial or complete nasal congestion with mucus, loss of smell.

There are cases in which there is swelling of the lower eyelid and the nose. If sinusitis superimposed on an infection, that there are such symptoms as fever, General malaise of the body, loss of appetite. Should beware of the transition of infection into the eye socket (characterized by eyelid swelling and severe pain).


For chronic forms characterized by the following symptoms

  • constant stuffy nose (often with one hand)
  • the appearance of a periodic dull pain in the eyes
  • chronic conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye, accompanied by abundant secretion of tears, a redness and light itching)
  • severe headaches
  • mucous or purulent discharge from the nose.

Often, sinusitis of the nose in the chronic form, provokes chronic dry cough and soreness in the throat (especially when swallowing). Also impaired sense of smell, and in particularly severe cases it can lead to a complete loss of smell.

When sinusitis symptoms make themselves felt almost immediately, so do not ignore them, immediately consult a doctor, because this disease can make complications in the internal organs (kidneys, liver, heart) and to cause development of bronchial asthma and pneumonia. In very rare cases, as a result of sinusitis may develop meningitis (inflammation of the brain) or brain abscess (collection of pus).

Diagnosis

Before beginning any treatment should an accurate diagnosis. To do this, conduct a clinical examination and a number of additional methods, such as x-ray examination, because the most accurate helps to determine the presence of mucus or pus in the maxillary sinuses. Also in the diagnosis use diaphanoscopy method in which x-raying sinuses special illuminator (through the mouth).

No less important in the diagnosis of a sinus puncture, which is performed by the otolaryngologist.

Treatment

In acute period of the disease, which may be accompanied by increased body temperature, is assigned to bed rest with intake of antipyretic drugs and analgesics. Antibiotics for sinusitis are required to appoint given the nature of the microflora.

The detection of any form of sinusitis treatment should be aimed at removing the edema of the nasal mucosa. It is recommended to take vasoconstrictors, which produce in the form of drops, sprays and inhalers.

For the efficient action of the remedy in the form of drops, it is necessary to bring the patient into a supine position, tilting the head so that drugs fall into the middle nasal passage. Sprays help fight against infection due to the concentration of a large number of antibiotics in the area of inflammation.

It should be noted that a significant role in the treatment of all forms of this disease is played by physiotherapy techniques. Often this method of treatment is called moxibustion. For this purpose, blue light, UHF-therapy or exposure lamp Solux. Light directly affect the paranasal sinuses.

If the above methods do not give a positive result, assign the puncture of the maxillary sinus. In other words, to cure sinusitis puncture (puncture) is a must, because this method gives you the ability to clear the sinuses from accumulated mucus and pus. The procedure includes puncture, drainage and irrigation. All manipulations carried out ENT doctor.

Before puncture of the nasal cavity, process and make local anesthesia of the nasal mucosa. During this procedure is perforation of the thin bony partition that separates the maxillary sinus from the nasal passage. Puncture allows not only to clear the sinuses of excess mucus and pus, but also to introduce into the cavity of the medicine.

Now this procedure is one of the most effective ways to treat severe forms of sinusitis. Many fear the puncture due to the common perception that it will have to be done regularly, but medicine does not stand still, and with the help of properly selected drugs repeated treatments can be avoided.

Of course, it is better to prevent illness than to spend forces and funds for its treatment. First and foremost, prevention of any disease, including sinusitis, is removal of infectious foci. It could be a bad tooth, launched rhinitis, tonsillitis or the flu.

You should also pay attention to improve immunity take vitamins, eat right, spend more time in the fresh air, to harden and sports. And if you are not able to protect yourself, you need to consult a doctor in the early stages of the disease. This will greatly facilitate treatment and have a positive impact on health.