- Causes of serous meningitis
- The symptoms of the disease
- Treatment of serous meningitis
- The consequences of the disease
- Prevention of serous meningitis
Serous meningitis is an infectious disease characterized by the manifestation of serous inflammatory process in the tissue sheath of brain and spinal cord. Despite the fact that this disease is more susceptible to children, she can often occur in adults with weakened immune system of the body. This makes the question about the features of this disease relevant to all patients.
This disease is extremely dangerous and very easily transmitted from person to person. It is therefore extremely important to know and understand what can be triggered by meningitis, what are the symptoms of its manifestations and features of occurrence and peculiarities of treatment. A detailed description of each of these questions can be answered in this article.
Causes of serous meningitis
The reason for such disease as serous meningitis, and in adults and children, is entering the human body, microorganism-causative agent of the disease. These pathogens can be viruses, bacteria or fungus. However, more than 80% of cases, the disease is provoked precisely viruses (enteroviruses). That is why this disease is often referred to as serous-viral meningitis.
Most often this disease occurs due to the ingestion of enteroviruses. This also explains the fact that serous meningitis often occurs as a secondary disease as a virus disease (measles, syphilis, AIDS, etc.).
It is established that the ingress of enterovirus in human organism can occur in two main ways by airborne droplets and water. Airborne transmission of infection from carrier a healthy person is a traditional way for these kinds of diseases. In any contact with a sick person with meningitis, the disease virus penetrates the body. This can occur during the embrace, coughing, sneezing, kissing, shared utensils, household items.
As for the water route of transmission, in this case we are talking about high contents of harmful microorganisms in reservoirs in the summer. This explains the periodic epidemics of diseases in warm time of the year.
Feature of infection of serous meningitis in adults is that in normal operation, the immune system, the virus can be destroyed without harm to the body. Therefore, for the development of the virus in the inflammation of the meninges, one of the necessary conditions is a weakened immune system. Only in this case, getting into the human body, the virus of the disease can easily penetrate through the skin and mucous membranes the skin into the blood.
After that enterovirus transported by the blood circulation, reaches the meninges. And, from this point on, there is inflammation.
The symptoms of the disease
Signs of an infectious inflammation of the brain, manifested by the sick person immediately after exposure. The incubation period of inflammation such as serous meningitis, in normal conditions is from 2 to 4 days. And, after the expiration of this period, the symptoms.
The symptoms of diseases such as aseptic meningitis, manifested in adults and children in the form of General and specific infectious meningeal signs. To the General, for all of infectious diseases, manifestations include
- significant, even critical rise in temperature
- the fever
- severe headache
- painful perception of sound and light
- nausea and vomiting
- the reduction or complete lack of appetite.
With regard to specific meningeal signs of the disease, they are expressed in the collection of several symptoms. So, serous meningitis manifests such specific symptoms as a symptom Kernig syndrome Brudzinskogo and meningeal syndrome.
The essence of the Kernig symptom is that the patient is in a horizontal position should be raised to 90? straight, not bent at the knee leg. If this fails, the disease is confirmed.
And in order to more accurately determine the disease, the symptom is used Brudzinskogo, which according to several indicators defines the disease. So, the disease is confirmed if
- the patient can not rest my head to his chest
- when tapping the zygomatic arch is observed an involuntary flexion of the legs at the knees
- uncontrolled, the patient raises shoulders by pressing the cheek
- with pressure on the pubic area, legs bent in the knee joint
- when you try to bend one leg at the knee, the second also, involuntarily, bent.
To the main symptom of any form of meningitis refers to meningeal syndrome. It manifests itself in the case that laid on the back of the patient can not tilt your head to your chest without bending the legs at the knees. Moreover, the bending of the legs is out of control.
Symptoms of serous meningitis quickly retreat, although the duration of the disease, is usually more than 10 days. Depending on the health status of the child and timely treatment to the doctor, the signs of the disease can change the intensity and duration.
Treatment of serous meningitis
The treatment of such diseases as aseptic meningitis, must always be carried out only in a hospital under the isolation of the patient and under constant supervision of medical workers. At the first suspicion of the development of this disease, it is necessary to call an ambulance for hospitalization.
Following the inspection and prior to the receipt of test results, a qualified specialist in the first place, appoint a course of antibacterial drugs to eradicate harmful microorganisms throughout the body. To ensure that the impact carried throughout the circulatory system, applied broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Also, when asking about the viral nature of the disease, the antibiotics usually added mandatory medication of the antiviral action. All basic medicines are administered intravenously or into the spinal canal, for the quickest and most effective impact.
Also in the course of the medicines for internal appointment may be given antihistamines, dehydrogenase, antipyretic drugs. They are used to mitigate and eliminate the symptoms of the disease.
The consequences of the disease
The consequences of such a disease as serous meningitis in patients of any age, in conducting independent or improper treatment (for example, recipes from the Internet), would imply the loss of important body functions (disabilities), and even death. If you started late or missing a treatment in the allocation of serous fluid, the patient may begin swelling of the brain, which will cause pulmonary edema and paralysis of the respiratory organs, and, consequently, death of the patient.
In the treatment of the disease in advanced stage can be the disturbed functions of the nervous system, the mental health of the patient. In addition may experience a loss of hearing, vision, problems with kidneys, joints and blood vessels.
Prevention of serous meningitis
As is clear from the description of the consequences of serous meningitis, prevention of this dangerous disease, should pay close attention. First and foremost, we are talking about strict observance of rules of personal hygiene. It also involves limiting contact with possible carriers of infection.
In the period of outbreaks of serous meningitis it is necessary to limit the duration of stay in places with a mass congestion of people. And, when forced prolonged stay in public places, wear a medical mask and, if possible, limit contact with others. To avoid Contracting the disease in the warm season, outbreaks of meningitis, it is better to avoid swimming in public pools.
And, of course, the basis of prevention is the immune system. We need to ensure a balanced diet, adequate sleep and sufficient exposure to fresh air. But at the first manifestations of the disease, avoid complications and irreversible consequences, it is urgent to seek help at a health facility. Only a qualified specialist can determine the type and stage of the disease and prescribe the correct treatment.