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Pancreatitis

  1. Causes of pancreatitis
  2. Symptoms of pancreatitis
  3. The treatment of pancreatitis
  4. Prevention of pancreatitis


Pancreatitis

this is a disease in which under the influence of various factors inflamed pancreas. It can occur in acute or chronic form, chronic disease can sometimes escalate. One form of this disease is a reactive pancreatitis. For this diagnosis inflammation of the pancreas occurs in the form of reaction to violations in other internal organs, most often the gastrointestinal tract.

The value of the pancreas in the body is very large, as it is responsible for digestion, regulates energy metabolism and is involved in other vital processes. The enzymes contained in the pancreas, help break down fats, proteins and carbohydrates in the gut, and her hormones normalize glucose levels in the blood.

In another form of the disease, acute pancreatitis, can become inflamed the entire gland or part of it, in the most severe cases there is a disintegration of the tissues of the pancreas and leads to the formation of pus, abscesses, and hemorrhage. Pancreatitis can occur in chronic form. Doctors have identified two types of chronic pancreatitis primary and secondary or concomitant. The primary form of chronic pancreatitis manifests itself in the form of inflammation of the gland. The secondary form arises in consequence of other diseases of the digestive tract, for example, gastroenterocolitis, stomach ulcer and others.

Causes of pancreatitis

The disease most often affects people who abuse fatty foods and alcohol. According to statistics the bulk of patients with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is the people who abuse alcohol, they make up 40% of the total number of patients. Overweight people suffering from the pancreatitis, account for 20% of the total number of patients with this diagnosis. Only 5% of the patients the disease is inherited.

The most common causes of pancreatitis should be considered

  • Gallstone disease about a quarter of all cases of pancreatitis caused by the disease. The bile duct and pancreatic duct connects with the duodenum, merging and forming a common channel in a small area. The stones from the bile duct can be in this area and block the pancreas, causing stops producing enzymes and causes inflammation.
  • An immoderate use of spirits, about half of the cases of pancreatitis are related to alcohol. Due to the high content of alcohol in the blood is the accumulation of enzymes in the pancreatic juice. He begins to move slowly through the ducts and can be activated without getting into the intestines. Large doses of alcohol may cause spasm of the sphincter, which connects the pancreas, and the duodenum. In normal condition he passes the enzymes in the intestines and blocks the exit of digestible food. If the person drank a large quantity of alcohol, the sphincter may not open on time and to block the flow of pancreatic juice.
  • Unhealthy food with a high amount of fat and spices may be one of the causes of pancreatitis. People who are inclined to frequent eating and drinking, and do not observe proper diet that is most at risk of pancreatic disease. The body cannot handle large portions of fatty foods, begins to produce elevated levels of enzymes, resulting in inflammation of the gland. Fatty food combined with alcohol can lead to disaster.
  • Internal injuries of the abdomen or after surgery can cause acute inflammation of the pancreas.
  • Inflammatory processes and infectious diseases can cause pancreatitis. For example, viral hepatitis, and even some forms of influenza.
  • Heredity in certain genetic disorders in the body pancreatitis can occur in early age or from birth.
  • Food and chemical toxicity, contributing to elevated activity of pancreatic enzymes.

Symptoms of pancreatitis

Symptoms of pancreatitis depends on the form of the disease and its development. For pancreatitis characterized by pronounced symptoms, most commonly following

  • sharp pain in upper abdomen, often in the middle or to the left may radiate to the back
  • flatulence and bloating
  • severe nausea and vomiting, not bringing relief
  • change the color of the face
  • strong weight loss without specific reason
  • tongue coating white in color
  • skin aging
  • symptoms of pancreatitis in women can be dry and flaking skin, brittle hair, nails, as if the lack of vitamins.

The most common symptom of acute pancreatitis is acute pain in the upper abdomen, which often radiates to the back. The pain cannot be removed with spasmolytic drugs. May experience vomiting, weakness, dizziness, loose stools. In acute pancreatitis ultrasound shows the shape change of the prostate, irregularity of the edges, can form cysts. Pancreatitis the acute form occurs suddenly and does not last long. During inflammation of the gland resulting toxins can enter the blood and affect organs such as the heart, liver and lungs. In some cases, the hemorrhage may be fatal.

Signs of chronic pancreatitis are expressed in pain in the epigastric region, may spread in the right and left hypochondrium, to give back. The pain may be herpes of the character if you lie on your back, increases, decreases, if you sit down and slightly lean forward. Symptoms of pancreatitis can occur after a meal an hour later, especially if it is fatty or fried foods. Pain syndrome is spreading in the region of the heart and is like angina. If a person has changed the complexion or he fainted, you should immediately call medical assistance.

The treatment of pancreatitis

Treatment of pancreatitis depends on the diagnosis and course of disease. Most often, treatment includes medication that relieves pain and reduces the work of the pancreas and the observance of strict diet. In acute pancreatitis the patient is not given water and drink as they contribute to the production of pancreatic enzymes. The patient put on a drip with nutrients and fluid. Assigned to receive analgesics and antispasmodics to relieve severe pain. In the treatment of acute pancreatitis includes receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics. If there is a severe form of the disease, applied surgery protect other organs.

When diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis during exacerbation of the patient is assigned rest and fasting 23 days. You can drink the liquid in small portions, weak tea, non-carbonated mineral water, decoction of rose hips or herbal. Patients should take medicines on the basis of calcium carbonate and magnesium. It uses replacement drug therapy enzyme type, for example Pancreatin, whereby reduced working pancreas. Are appointed by the antispasmodic drugs that relieve pain. To avoid infection in the pancreas, apply a broad-spectrum antibiotics.

How to treat pancreatitis complications? In severe forms of the disease the pancreas the patient is assigned to operation for the purpose of preservation of other organs. Operations can be of different types, depending on the extensiveness of the gland lesion. They are divided into two groups aimed at cleansing of the main duct gland and is designed to remove fibrous tissues of the pancreas.

Prevention of pancreatitis

During and after the treatment of pancreatitis is very important to adjust your diet. Nutrition in pancreatitis requires special attention and strict adherence. Diet for patients with pancreatitis excludes all fatty, salty and sweet. It is necessary to abandon the products sokogonnym broth meat, fish and vegetables, smoked food, fried food, canned foods, spices and spicy vegetables, fresh juices. From the diet should exclude meals with fiber, especially cabbage and beans. You can do potatoes, carrots, zucchini, pumpkin and beetroot, but only to cook or bake and eat mashed.

Diet for pancreatitis

So the treatment took place without complications, you need to know that you can eat with pancreatitis. Diet for pancreatitis prohibits chocolate, coffee, cakes, ice cream, sodas. Alcohol is strictly prohibited. Food should be warm, not too hot and not too cold. The meals should be divided into small portions and eat 6 times a day. You can drink tea without sugar and mineral water. You must not only follow proper diet and take extra vitamins (A, b, C, P, K) and folic acid.

When chronic and reactive pancreatitis should include in your diet sour milk products yogurt, yogurt, low fat cottage cheese and low-fat cheese varieties. You can eat pureed vegetables and cereals soups with sour cream low-fat. Diet for pancreatitis includes porridges from cereals, boiled pasta with vegetable, sometimes butter. The patient will not be superfluous liquid cereals (except millet and barley), thick soups without meat, boiled or roasted meat without fat (chicken or rabbit), omelets, low-fat cottage cheese. Proper nutrition in chronic pancreatitis requires continuous operation, as in case of its violation may occur attack acute form of the disease. In this case, the patient will require immediate hospitalization and prompt assistance.

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