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Laryngitis

  1. Causes of laryngitis
  2. Symptoms of laryngitis
  3. Treatment of laryngitis
  4. Prevention of laryngitis


Laryngitis

inflammation in throat caused by colds or infectious diseases and other stimuli.

Laryngitis can be of several types

  • Catarrhal most mild form of laryngitis, in which there is hoarseness, sore and dry throat, slight cough.
  • Hypertrophic stronger hoarseness, cough and sore. The ligaments can form a small education or nodules, which occur hoarseness. Can occur in children due to hormonal changes.
  • Atrophic during this laryngitis thins mucous membrane of the larynx. There is a dry mouth, severe cough, hoarse voice. In the amplification of cough can hawk blood. The disease develops due to excessive consumption of spicy seasonings and spices.
  • Diphtheria is a disease caused by infection of the tonsils down his throat. In the mucosa form a white membrane that causes the overlap of the respiratory tract in the region of the vocal cords.
  • Tuberculosis develops in contact with tuberculosis bacteria from the lungs. In the tissues of the larynx are lumpy nodules and thickening. Can collapse of the laryngeal cartilage and the epiglottis.
  • Syphilitic laryngitis occurs when

    as complication. Can form ulcers and mucous plaques. In the third stage of syphilis occurs scars, damaging the larynx and vocal cords, leading to permanent hoarseness.

Acute laryngitis is caused due to severe hypothermia or overexertion of voice, and may occur after acute infections, for example,

,

and others. Inflammatory process captures either the whole mucous membrane of the larynx, or the mucous membrane of the epiglottis, walls pidholosoviy cavities and vocal folds.

Chronic laryngitis occurs after frequent manifestations of severe illness or prolonged inflammation in the nose and paranasal sinuses, and throat. Provoking factors, can become long-term Smoking, frequent alcohol consumption, overexertion of the vocal cords. A chronic form of laryngitis is common in adults certain professions, teachers, singers due to the constant anxiety. Chronic severe forms of laryngitis can lead to pathological changes in the throat and the formation of cancerous tumors.

Laryngitis is treatable, but can be dangerous in children, stenosing laryngotracheitis. The child the small size of the larynx, therefore there is a risk of narrowing of the glottis and the obstruction of the breathing air, which sometimes leads to fatal outcomes if not treated.

Causes of laryngitis

The disease can be caused by damage to the mucous membrane of the larynx and upper part of trachea, which leads to acute inflammation, leading to laryngitis. The most common causes of laryngitis can be viral diseases and various stimuli

  • flu
  • viral or bacterial infection
  • colds
  • allergic reactions
  • chemical irritation
  • irritation or damage to the larynx.

Bacteria can settle in the larynx and provoking factors cause laryngitis. Factors contributing to the development of the disease can be severe hypothermia, breathing through the mouth, dusty or polluted air, regular Smoking, frequent alcohol consumption, overexertion of the vocal cords when speaking or singing.

Symptoms of laryngitis

The inflammation may spread to the whole of the mucous membrane of the larynx, or the mucous membrane of the epiglottis, walls pidholosoviy cavity of the vocal folds. In acute laryngitis causes such symptoms as deterioration of General condition, fever, weakness. If laryngitis occurs in the region of the epiglottis or back of the throat, there is pain when swallowing and talking, the voice becomes husky and hoarse. Breathing becomes difficult, as due to spasm and edema, sometimes of abscess, the glottis is narrowed.

In the acute form of laryngitis, the patient has a sensation of dryness, tickling and tingling in the throat. A dry cough, followed by cough sputum, the voice becomes hoarse, husky or lost at the time. You may experience pain when swallowing, headache and slight fever. Usually symptoms of laryngitis with proper treatment are held for 7-10 days.

Chronic laryngitis is manifested by such symptoms as hoarseness, voice fatigue, feeling of a tickling and pressure in my throat that causes constant coughing. During inflammation, these symptoms become more pronounced.

The most dangerous is the false croup in children, during which the symptoms occur suddenly, usually during sleep, the baby wakes up in strong sweat, become anxious, breathing becomes very difficult and noisy, lips turning blue, there is a strong and hysterical cough. Half an hour later the baby to sleep and calm down. Body temperature on the background of the symptoms is not increased and remains normal. Attacks laryngitis in children may be repeated several times during the night and the next night. In this case you should immediately take the child to the hospital.

Treatment of laryngitis

How to treat laryngitis? First of all, the patient must follow a strict regime not to talk, even whisper, to exclude from food spicy, cold foods, stop Smoking and alcoholic drinks, drink more fluids and breathe through the nose. Acute symptoms helps hot compress on the neck. If the throat has formed a crust, pour in the throat is 1 gram of olive, peach or sea buckthorn oil every day for weeks.

How to treat laryngitis? Treatment of disease aims to relieve inflammation with antibiotics penicillin type, in the form of a spray or inhalation. Laryngitis in a child is not treated with antibiotics, as the child’s body suffers from his strong actions. In this case, the prescribed rinsing, compresses and inhalation. To liquefy phlegm and eliminate dry need to drink alkaline mineral water is warm temperature or warm milk.

False croup in children treated with mucolytic drugs, copious drinking of warm milk, on the neck, you can put hot compress or mustard. You can do foot baths in hot water. In the room where the patient is a child, it is necessary to ensure good ventilation and humidification. An asthma attack can be stopped with a spatula or a clean spoon, touching the back of the throat. If nothing helps, you need to call the doctor. In the hospital attack is removed by laryngoscopy and processing vasoconstrictors cavity mucosa below the vocal cords. In more difficult cases it helps to tracheotomy – cut the trachea for air entrapment.

The main method of treatment of chronic catarrhal laryngitis is inhalation of the oil and alkaline solutions. In chronic hypertrophic laryngitis is a deletion operation that plots the growth of epithelial and other modified fabrics. This is necessary in order to avoid the formation of cancer tumors. This disease can cause cancer of the larynx, so the patient should regularly visit a physician and to be registered.

Laryngitis treated within weeks, if you follow all the recommendations and to consult a doctor in time. Neglected it becomes chronic. Chronic laryngitis is treated for a long period and not always successful. Complications can lead to a change of the mucosa, tissue growth and tumors in the larynx.

Prevention of laryngitis

In prevention of laryngitis include eliminating the causes of disease and noxious stimuli. This includes the gradual hardening of the body from childhood that will help to withstand any temperature, viruses and infection. Hardening start with rubdowns and foot baths, you can then move on to spraying. The water temperature should be reduced gradually so the body has got used to. Prevention includes quitting Smoking and use of alcohol. Regular visits to the sauna and use the inhaler helps to clear the Airways of contaminants, bacteria and dust.

Prevention of laryngitis involves the correct treatment of colds, bronchitis and other viral and infectious diseases. Treatment should take place strictly on prescription, you cannot replace it with folk remedies, as it may become chronic, which is treated over a long period of time and can give complications.

People with high risk occupations must comply with voice-activated mode, soothe a sore throat, drink plenty of fluids, rest. Children and the elderly need to strengthen the body’s immune system to take Immunostimulants, eat a healthy diet, lead a healthy and active lifestyle, to play sports. In times of epidemics it is recommended to avoid sick people, large crowds of society.

In prevention of laryngitis include regular wet cleaning, wiping of the dust, moistening the air with the help of special machines, especially for those who frequently suffer from colds. It is necessary to insulate in the cold season, to avoid overcooling and overheating, avoid contact with sick people. People in hazardous industries who inhale harmful substances, must comply with the protective measures wear special masks and respirators, to constantly clear the Airways of particles and dust.

Prevention of laryngitis in a child includes hardening, protection from infections and viruses, a healthy diet, taking vitamins. If the child had an attack of false croup, it is necessary to increase protection from various infections, avoid contact with sick people, increase immunity of the body using physical exercises.

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Acute laryngitis a disease in which the mucous membrane of the larynx is exposed to inflammatory processes. May damage the cartilage and other tissues in the depth region of the larynx. In most cases of acute laryngitis is one of the manifestations of SARS.


Acute laryngitis a disease in which the mucous membrane of the larynx is exposed to inflammatory processes. May damage the cartilage and other tissues in the depth region of the larynx. In most cases of acute laryngitis is one of the manifestations of SARS.