the defect is congenital. Also called congenital dislocation of the hip. It occurs due to improper development of the joint and is the cause of dislocation or subluxation of the femoral head. This disturbed the development of all parts of the hip joint during the pre – or postnatalnogo of ontogenesis.
There are three forms of this disease previsich, Podivin and dislocation. When previlige hip instability formed due to the fact that the femoral head within the joint freely, and the surrounding ligaments are relaxed. When subluxation of the femur it from time to time popping up, and then falls into its place. You can hear a dull click. Luxation of the joint head is outside.
Hip dysplasia occurs in children for a variety of reasons. Among them, first of all, the hereditary factor if relatives have had this problem, and for the newborn, the risk is great enough. A negative impact on the health of a future child having the best pregnant in adverse environmental conditions. Is fraught with serious consequences of passive Smoking, background radiation, exceeding the limit of urban smog.
Hip dysplasia in children may develop due to various gynecological diseases of the future mother. Such abnormalities include uterine fibroids, the presence of adhesions in the body. Threat violations in pregnancy breech presentation of the fetus, short umbilical cord entanglement or her of the embryo, lack of fruit weight. Another risk factor is breech presentation of the fetus in this position, legs bent at the knee and bent at the hip joints, and the feet are near the shoulders. Congenital dislocation can end in postnatal and injury.
The dysplasia of hip joints in newborns, under the age of one month, has an explicit expression, so parents need to be careful. About the problem is evidenced by the different length of the legs, asymmetric gluteal folds, on the buttocks crease can be seen more. Cheerleaders should C-shaped position of the body, tone the muscles of the back, exceeding the norm. You need to take the child to the orthopedist, if he keeps the head on one side and one handle is often compressed into a fist. In 34 months, except for some of the above symptoms, the presence of a disease may indicate X-shaped setting stop. Themselves the foot littered inside and flattened.
When the child begins to stand and makes first steps, then he does it on his fingers. Visible clubfoot, the fingers of one or both feet turning in or out. The walk resembles a duck, waddles like a baby from side to side. The spine of the child is strongly curved in the lumbar region, there is the stoop.
On examination, the doctor finds out when and under what circumstances the parents noticed that the child has hip dysplasia, did they informed to the doctor and what treatment was administered. The external inspection revealed the main symptoms of the disease.
Treatment of hip dysplasia includes a course of manual therapy, swimming, medical gymnastics. If diagnosed a true dislocation of the hip, use the special tools stirrups Pavlik, frejka splint, Volkova, Rosen, CITO, Shneiderova, we use the technique of Hnevkovskeho. With these devices the hip fixed in a divorced situation. Massage for hip dysplasia has also proven effective. In order to fix the femoral head and to restore the joint, in some cases, resort to surgical treatment. Regularly, every three months, the child should be examined by a podiatrist as well as ultrasound of the hip joints this will help to identify the pathology.