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Cholecystitis

  1. Causes of cholecystitis
  2. Symptoms of cholecystitis
  3. Treatment of cholecystitis
  4. Prevention of cholecystitis


Cholecystitis

a disease in which inflammation of the gallbladder caused by infectious pathogens (bacteria, viruses or parasites). Common disease among other diseases of the digestive system.

Most often, the cholecystitis was observed in women with obesity and gallstone disease at the age of 40 years. However, the disease can occur in people with normal or low weight. In the USA the number of patients with a diagnosis of cholecystitis accounts for about 20% of the total population. There are cases of complete removal of the gallbladder due to the complete destruction of the tissues.

The nature of the disease distinguish acute and chronic forms of cholecystitis. Patients most common form is acute cholecystitis. Chronic calculous cholecystitis is in which the stones are formed in gallbladder and acalculous (acalculous). Chronic calculous cholecystitis may last up to six months.

Chronic cholecystitis occurs periodically at the wrong diet. Inflammation may cause complications in the form of pus. In the period of acute cholecystitis may lose the whole bladder and at late care ends with peritonitis leading to death. When acalculous cholecystitis is inflamed most often bladder neck.

Causes of cholecystitis

Cause of cholecystitis is an infection that enters the gallbladder is most often from the intestines via the bile duct, and can get from other places over the blood and lymph. Some factors may serve as a trigger to start cholecystitis overweight, fatty and junk food, decreased gastric acidity, problems in bile ducts, intestinal dysbiosis and constipation.

The most common cause of cholecystitis acts as cholelithiasis. The gallstones hurt the wall or may obstruct the flow of bile. More than 60% of the patients in the bile detect infection E. coli, Streptococcus, Salmonella and others.

Causes of acute cholecystitis can be a blockage of the gallbladder duct, which flows out of the bladder bile bile stone or the ingress of the pathogen. If the drainage function in normal and bile flows normally, the infection in the gallbladder does not cause inflammation. Otherwise, there is inflammation.

Risk factors for cholecystitis can be migrated, complex surgery, acute illness, pregnancy, stress, physical exertion and fatigue.

Symptoms of cholecystitis

Nausea, bitter taste in the mouth and heaviness in the right hypochondrium is a sign of the disease is not liver and gallbladder. Among the main symptoms of cholecystitis distinguish

  • The main symptom of cholecystitis is pain, which may be short-lived and intense, arising from poor diet and stress, if there is spasm of the biliary tract. Often radiates to the clavicle. The pain may be dull, aching and constant, aggravated by the active movement or sport, if a person has low blood pressure. In the most severe stages of cholecystitis pain can immobilize the person.
  • Occurs frequent bitter taste in the mouth, belching bitter. Sick sick, vomit with bile, while harmful and wrong. Patients often complain of sweating, fatigue, insomnia, nervous disorders and irritability.
  • The patient appears jaundiced yellow skin and whites of the eyes.
  • In some forms of cholecystitis, the feces may be colorless, urine becomes dark in color.
  • A high temperature, a person’s fever, increased level of leukocytes in blood during exacerbation of the disease.
  • Language becomes dry, yellowish-brown tinge, increased liver, there is pain in region of gall-bladder at palpation of the abdomen.

Treatment of cholecystitis

How to treat cholecystitis? Because cholecystitis occurs from infection, with signs of e exacerbations, the patient should take the antibiotics prescribed by the doctor after the date of the analysis of bile. To relieve pain, the patient is assigned to antispasmodics. These include no-Spa, papaverine in tablets and candles, duspatalin and others. In the treatment of cholecystitis are used cholagogue, which are selected depending on the operation of the biliary tract. If there is a stagnation of bile, you need to take medication groups cholekinetica berberine, sorbitol, xylitol, and magnesium.

Cholecystitis can help method tyubazh. Using this method is lavage of the biliary tract and stimulates bile flow from the gallbladder. In the morning on an empty stomach drink a glass of still mineral water at room temperature, to which you add one tablespoon of xylitol, sorbitol or magnesia. Then the patient should lie on right side, substituting for it a warm heating pad, and stay in this position for one and a half or two hours. The procedure can be done once in 3 days for a course of 10 treatments is sufficient.

Categorically it is impossible to tyubazh patients with gallstone disease, as it can cause a strong movement of bile and stones that close the passage of the bile duct, and will need emergency surgery. The most dangerous rocks with a diameter of one centimeter, as small can get, and large stuck in the ducts of the gallbladder.

In the treatment of cholecystitis include consumption of mineral water with high mineralization. They need to drink half an hour before meals, the water should be at room temperature. If no stones are advised to drink cholagogue decoction of herbs immortelle, corn silk, St. John’s wort. Decoctions can be prepared and drink a long period in the autumn or winter, including herbs to enhance immunity and strengthen the gall bladder lemongrass, Rhodiola, Siberian ginseng, ginseng and others.

Diet for cholecystitis

One of the major points of therapy for acute and chronic cholecystitis is a strict diet. For acute cholecystitis is better two day does not eat, you can drink weak tea, fruit drinks, juices, diluted with water, or mineral water without gas. You can then include in the diet of soups and cereals, low-fat cottage cheese, boiled meat and fish for a couple. In a week you can go on a diet, eliminating harmful products. Meals should be frequent, in small portions 5-6 times a day. Food should be warm, not much hot or cold, so as not to provoke a repeated attack.

Diet for cholecystitis allows to soups vegetable, fruit, milk, cereals, soup, and soup without meat, in a simple broth. From dairy products milk with low percentage of fat, dairy products, kefir, yogurt, acidophilus milk, low-fat cottage cheese. Can yesterday’s bread or little dried.

Categorically it is impossible to include in the diet with cholecystitis products such as puff dough, fresh cakes and bread, pastries, cakes and other sweets with cream, fried pies, meat and strong broth, sour soup, fatty meats (lamb and pork), poultry, roasts, meats, sausages, canned foods, fatty fish, caviar, salted and smoked fish, butter and lard, mustard and hot spices, eggs in any form, green onion, mushroom, radish, garlic, horseradish, salted and pickled vegetables, chocolate, cocoa, ice cream, black coffee, carbonated cold drinks. Strictly forbidden alcohol in any dose.

Prevention of cholecystitis

Prevention of cholecystitis is aimed at reducing the probability of formation of stones in the gallbladder. First, you need to monitor the quality and mode of eating. Skipping a meal is impossible. Breakfast, lunch and dinner is recommended at the same time. People with chronic cholecystitis is recommended to stick to a fractional power, to divide the meals into smaller portions and eat five times a day. The body will be easier to cope with food and you will prevent a repeat crisis.

Prevention of cholecystitis includes healthy diet that excludes saturated and animal fats, salt and spicy seasonings. Fatty foods promote stone formation and weight gain. The diet should include light and healthy food. You can use light dairy products, vegetable dishes, fruit, cereal. Should be excluded from food smoked foods, processed foods, fatty desserts. Alcoholic drinks should be excluded forever.

Exercise and an active lifestyle are included in the measures for the prevention of cholecystitis. A sedentary lifestyle leads to weight gain and stagnation in the body, which can start the formation of stones in the gallbladder. Office work should include hourly breaks with a small workout for all body parts. It is best for the health of gymnastics, Pilates, swimming or regular walking. If you can not visit a gym, walk more often, walk in the fresh air in any weather. Avoid stress and excessive physical exertion, as they may lead to recurrence of cholecystitis.

One of the main reasons for the development of cholecystitis is overweight. The higher it is, the greater the risk of gallstones. It is therefore necessary to monitor their diet, physical activity, and when extra weight is necessary to lose weight. During weight loss be careful do not sit on diets, promising weight loss in a week ten pounds. Rapid weight loss weakens the body and increases the risk of stone formation in the gallbladder. It is better to consult a dietitian who will make the correct diet and weight loss program. In a week you can lose weight by 1.5 kilograms.

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Acalculous cholecystitis acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder wall, not accompanied by the presence of calculi (stones). The disease is most commonly manifested by severe attacks of pain in the right hypochondrium, disorders of digestion processes. Acalculous cholecystitis the diagnosis mostly young people and children (less) and very often is the preceding stage to form calculous cholecystitis.


Acalculous cholecystitis what is it? This disease, which is characterized by the presence of inflammatory processes in the gallbladder without formation of stones. Therefore, this kind of is also called acalculous cholecystitis.


Honey is a natural monosaccharide, which is glucose and fructose. A simple carbohydrate, due to which the pancreas loses less enzymes for its cleavage (if you compare honey with sugar). Of course, we are talking about properly cooked honey without impurities. In artificial honey healing properties not found.


Acalculous cholecystitis acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder wall, not accompanied by the presence of calculi (stones). The disease is most commonly manifested by severe attacks of pain in the right hypochondrium, disorders of digestion processes. Acalculous cholecystitis the diagnosis mostly young people and children (less) and very often is the preceding stage to form calculous cholecystitis.


Acalculous cholecystitis what is it? This disease, which is characterized by the presence of inflammatory processes in the gallbladder without formation of stones. Therefore, this kind of is also called acalculous cholecystitis.


Honey is a natural monosaccharide, which is glucose and fructose. A simple carbohydrate, due to which the pancreas loses less enzymes for its cleavage (if you compare honey with sugar). Of course, we are talking about properly cooked honey without impurities. In artificial honey healing properties not found.