it is a disease in which there are small-spotted capillary bleeding in the mucous membranes or under the skin. In this case
because it is the first signs of the disease. Often affects the lower limbs, but there are exceptions.
Such hemorrhages can be of different size
- to show point (petechiae)
- to show stripes (vibex)
- manifest in the form of small spots (ekhimozy)
- large spots (bruises).
The disease is distributed mainly on the lower limbs, but there are exceptions. On feet the first manifestation of the disease purpura is a small rash, initially with red color, eventually developing into larger rashes purple. After weeks of disease progression in the body the rash becomes yellow-green hue.
The nature of the rash most occur petechiae and bruises. In purple the children having bruises, even if the child is a little hurt, and mostly appear on the legs.
Petechiae appear mainly on the legs, they can be single or multiple. Symptoms of idiopathic purpura in children may also be bleeding in the mucosa of the nose and gums. Girls also may experience the abundant uterine bleeding.
Purpura in children, mostly it ends in complete recovery, but sometimes, when improper treatment can become chronic. In the chronic form of the disease bleeding occur periodically without apparent reason.
How is the development of the disease
- properties of platelets as a consequence of exposure to the causative agent
- the human immune system begins the production of antibodies to fight disease
- antibodies block platelet
- platelets catch the spleen cells, it is their destruction
- as a result of all these processes and occurs purpura.
Purpura may occur with many diseases, but developing all diseases purpura the same. Basically, the main cause of purpura is a predisposition to bleeding.
It may occur in several pathological processes of the body
- shortage or damage of platelets
- stagnation of blood in the body
- disease thrombocytopenic purpura a
- disorders of blood coagulation due to the use of certain drugs or as a result of transferring the infection
- the presence of vascular pathologies
- pathology of hemostasis
- the presence of the syndrome of intravascular coagulation.
There are three types of thrombocytopenic purpura, namely
- purple Shenleina-Schonlein purpura
- thrombotic purpura
- idiopathic purpura.
Henoch-Schonlein Purpura. This form of purpura is manifested by inflammation of the body organs and blood vessels of the skin. Symptoms
- abdominal pain
Occurs as a result of taking medications, transferring bacterial or viral infections, vaccination. Most often the disease appears in men up to 20 years.
Purpura, symptoms of which occur in fever, a small rash in the joints, on the buttocks, legs, and shoulders. Can also occur and swelling in the joints, vomiting, pain, nausea, gastric bleeding. This disease affects the heart, Central nervous system and kidneys.
Treat this type of purpura with drugs that block the creation of new immune complexes, in the treatment necessary to comply with bed rest. The disease duration from two weeks to one month, after which the person recovers.
Pay attention to the symptoms of hemorrhagic purpura, in the event the first symptoms should immediately contact a doctor and get tested. Than before to identify the disease, the faster it can be cured.
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is unclear etiology. This disease is characterized by development of thrombocytopenia, and hemorrhagic syndrome. Basically the destruction of platelets, in this case, due to the transfer of infectious diseases, or occurs as a result of the medication. There is development of this disease mainly among girls up to 14 years.
A disease in which there is increased blood clots and the occurrence of hemorrhagic syndrome, which lead to ischemia of the internal organs, called thrombotic purpura. This disease occurs very rarely, mainly in women from 40 to 55 years old and develops after the administration of drugs, vaccines, or together with other diseases.
The main symptoms
- frequent abdominal pain
- frequent headaches
- disturbed vision.
Also, on a body there are bruises and in some rare cases, there may be a mental or neurological disorder, can increase the spleen, the kidneys are affected. The disease lasts from a few days to a few weeks. In 30% of cases due to affections of the internal organs (brain, vessels, heart, kidneys), there is a lethal outcome.
The main purpura thrombotic treatment is the replacement of one’s own plasma to the donor.
In the chronic form of the disease to cure purple only if removal of the spleen, but after that a full recovery does not happen in all cases. In the acute form of the disease, doctors prescribe therapy, which aims at the destruction of antibodies that block the platelet. At the same time, in addition to drug therapy, prescribe medications, stopping the bleeding. If the case is very heavy, you may need a blood transfusion.
Prevention of purpura is to remove and eliminate all sources of danger, the child (caries, tonsillitis, etc.). If the child has had any infectious disease, it is recommended that the observation by a doctor, a hematologist for several years.