malignant neoplasms or a combination of several entities, emerging and developing asymptomatic in female reproductive gland. Ranked from fifth to seventh place in frequency of malignant neoplasms in women. Most often found in the menopause. Ovarian cancer is a combination of a variety of neoplasms that can be divided by the square distribution. One of the most common types of cancer spreads its cells along the surface of the ovaries. It was there, usually find non-cancerous tumors and cysts. The consequences of these non-cancerous lesions may develop into malignant tumors.
Most ovarian cancers in women manifests itself in a period of perimenopause or post-menopause. As well as the risk group also includes women with infertility, late first birth, and other disorders of reproductive functions. Special attention should be paid to those women who have a family history of or personally met breast cancer, endometrial, or colon cancer.
Early ovarian cancer does not show symptoms and are not diagnosed. To give a definition about this disease during this period can neither tumour markers, or ultrasound or CT scan or other modern methods.
Symptoms of ovarian cancer can be manifested by pain in the lumbar region or lower abdomen, increased urination, constipation or frequent urging to have a bowel movement, menstrual cycle, occurring pain during intercourse, fatigue, weakness, drowsiness, increased sweating, hormonal disorders, etc. Also, you need to pay attention to the presence of abnormal discharge, which is an indirect indicator of the presence of the tumor.
Symptoms of ovarian cancer in its manifestations more than refer to the pressure of tumor on organs, rather than to the manifestations of tissue destruction. Also, some women manifest nonspecific symptoms. These include
- the variance
- premature saturation food
- flatulence (including causing pain)
- in the later stages manifest as an increase in the abdomen, anemia, cachexia, etc.
In this day the causes of ovarian cancer is unknown. There are versions regarding inheritance and related diseases, hormonal changes and environment.
Treatment of ovarian cancer depends on the stage of the disease. Be aware that regardless of what stage of ovarian cancer is surgical intervention is the first and necessary step in treatment. Further treatment includes chemotherapy, which is an introduction of those or other drugs that affect tumor cells. Establishing the diagnosis of ovarian cancer, its stage of development determined according to the results of the research. Often place them exactly only after surgical intervention.
At the first stage, when the tumor or several tumors within the ovary or ovaries, is recommended surgery to remove the ovary surgically without affecting neighboring organs and tissues. In this case, it is possible to preserve the reproductive functions of women. Further treatment depends on test results and the need in a specific situation to apply chemotherapy and radiolucent. The percentage of recovery, according to statistics of the 5-year observations, ranges from 87 to 97.
In the second stage, when a malignant tumor grows beyond the ovary, spreading to the uterus and tubes, it is expedient to conduct a large abdominal surgery with the removal of all affected organs or areas. Further treatment of chemo and blast radiation must, subject to a positive response indicators of these types of tumors to various types of exposure. The percentage of recovery, according to statistics of the 5-year observations, ranges from 57 to 67.
At the third stage, the cancer has spread to other organs or lymph nodes, the recommended treatment is a big abdominal surgery to remove all of the affected organs, glands and areas. Further treatment of chemo and blast radiation must, subject to a positive response indicators of these types of tumors to various types of exposure. The percentage of recovery, according to statistics of the 5-year observations, ranges from 23 to 41.
The fourth stage, after dissemination in other organs and lymph nodes, metastasizes to different organs. As a rule, lungs and liver require a large strip surgery followed by treatment. If necessary and visible positive dynamics of possible secondary operation for the complete removal of all neoplastic foci and metastasis.
With timely and rational treatment of ovarian cancer metastases will not be allowed.
For the prevention of disease is necessary twice a year to all women, regardless of age, to pass inspection at the gynecologist and to take oral hormonal contraceptives. Positively established itself as the prevention of cancer in women, timely, objective treatment of inflammatory diseases of small pelvis, as well as sexually transmitted diseases, rational nutrition, active lifestyle, timely pregnancy and breast-feeding.