or as it is sometimes called
, is a disease that manifests with abnormally high level of blood aldosterone. Aldosterone is a hormone that controls the amount of potassium and sodium in the blood. When it is increased, the kidneys begin to hold salt and water in the body, inevitably leading to increased blood pressure.
Divided the disease into two types primary and secondary.
Primary aldosteronism provoke more than just a benign tumor and adrenal adenoma, during which aldosterone is produced by the adrenal cortex and is called hypertension. If the hormone is made outside the adrenal glands that there is an increase in the number of renin enzyme responsible for a strong increase in HELL.
The secondary form of the disease can be caused by such reasons as hyperplasia adrenal cancer growth in mass of an organ due to cell division, kidney disease and other organs (heart, liver, cardiovascular system, and so on) long reception of medicines (diuretics, oral contraceptives, laxatives).
The main symptoms of hyperaldosteronism is considered to be
- dizziness with a sharp rise from the horizontal position
- frequent urination
- muscle weakness (up to paralysis)
- swelling of the legs and arms (both symmetric and asymmetric)
- a strong thirst
- very high blood pressure.
However, sometimes the patient with hyperaldosteronism may not experience any of these symptoms.
Hyperaldosteronism treatment which is carried out in time or incorrectly, can cause such complications
- congestive heart failure
- renal failure
- a heart attack
- heart attacks
- blurred vision
For proper diagnosis of the disease, conduct screening tests. In this practice an individual approach to each patient. If a person takes a remedy to lower blood pressure he doctor likely will advise you to arrange a temporary break, to make it easier to obtain the true picture.
Definitely give up the blood and urine, performed CT, which can identify the existing of the tumor size from 6 to 55 mm. Necessarily performed an external examination of the patient, which tests the presence or absence of edema, overall health, etc.
If the diagnosis is confirmed, the following procedure visualization of the body (ultrasound, MRI, CT), with subsequent surgical treatment or prescribing regulatory HELL blood diuretics, potassium-containing substances disclosure, eplerenone, spironolactone.
In addition, your doctor may recommend a salt-free diet and exercises, stress reduction (massage, yoga, meditation).