Many men with age begin to feel pain in the knee joints. Someone frowns, and with a sigh remember that age does not make people healthier, while others rush headlong into the maelstrom of traditional medicine, without really understanding what they are trying to treat. Third comes the most thought out and appeal for help to the doctors. It is worth noting that the vast majority of people in our country somehow believe that the main reason behind the pain is the deposition of salts. It is actually much more complicated. Most often the cause of the problem is such disease as osteoarthritis.
Pain in the knee joint associated with degenerative changes that occur in cartilage. It is this cartilage covers the bones inside joint.
At the initial stage, there are problems with the provision of blood in the small vessels, which, in fact, and nourish the cartilage. This is what leads to a decrease in the initial thickness of the cartilage, and, in the future, and the death of the latter.
All this leads to exposure of bone tissue, most often in fragments. Bare bones by friction and causes pain in humans. In addition, in the diseased joint, can form a so-called spikes, bone outgrowths that leads to deformation of the legs and deformation of the joint itself.
Clinically experts distinguish four main stages of development of such diseases as arthrosis deformans of the knee joint (which is also sometimes called the considered disease).
Initial. The process is relatively serious physical stress, such as when doing intense sports or just walking, there may be mild pain, which, later, are themselves. In addition, in rare cases, there are slight swelling of the knee. It is clear that at this stage the form of joints are not changed.
Osteoarthritis of the knee at this stage is characterized by increased pain and increased frequency of symptoms. In addition, during this period of disease development may be crunching in the joint, as well as some stiffness after sleep. However, after a short warm-up it goes. The visual change of the knee joint, more precisely, its increase.
All of the above symptoms reach their peak. Motion in his leg is limited and hampered, the person feels constant pain, but others see signs of lameness. In this case, the joint is much enlarged and deformed.
At this stage, clinically, knee osteoarthritis is characterized by the third degree, but to define the fourth stage is possible only with the use of x-ray equipment. It is worth noting that the gap between the bones in the joint are almost entirely absent, which greatly complicates, and sometimes eliminates the possibility of movement. The pain becomes continuous.
Experts distinguish two types of osteoarthritis primary and secondary. Primary develops gradually in older people and overweight. It is believed that it is caused by the disturbance in the body metabolism. Some of the disease researchers attribute it to genetic, the other associated with the use of hormonal drugs for a long period. There are other opinions, but they are at this stage of the development of scientific medicine has not been proven.
Secondary osteoarthritis can be caused by
- injury joint
- surgical operations, which were provoked by the knee injury
- inflammation of the joint
- the lack of access to medical care in case if the knee injury of different severity.
The main symptoms that the patient has osteoarthritis of the knee, is a complaint of increasing knee pain. They are especially apparent in a lengthy and active physical exertion, often after a walk. Problems increase gradually appear edema and deformation.
Experienced professionals can easily put the diagnosis associated with the illness. This is due to the gradually increasing pain. The sharp displays with garantate does not happen. As the definition of the disease made use of magnetic resonance imaging, as well as the above mentioned x-rays. As additional diagnosis do blood work for signs of inflammation.
Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint is aimed primarily at reducing pain and reducing the speed of development of the disease because it is incurable.
The following methods of treatment
- medication. The use of chondroprotectors and anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs
- orthopedic. In some cases, to reduce the pain can be used the prosthesis
- surgical treatment. Applied in the later stages of the disease.
There are additional treatments that also are used extensively. For example, exercises for osteoarthritis of knee joint plays a vital role and allows you to achieve better results in the application of conservative methods of treatment. However, it is worth remembering that exercises need to be agreed with the doctor.