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Arthrosis Osteoarthritis

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


Osteoarthritis

disease characterized by progressive deformity of the joints. At the initial stage destroyed the cartilage and the adjacent bones of the joint structures and ligaments. If the process appeared one day, then it gradually progresses, affecting all new and new joints.

In our days the disease affected more than 10-13% of the population. In recent years the disease has reduced the health of the population in 4-5 times in comparison with indicators of previous years. Risk group – people after 35-40 years of both sexes (interphalangeal joints of the hands about 10 often affected in women).

Localization of osteoarthritis

  • fingers
  • the joints of the knee and hip
  • hands (specifically, the joints 1-e sebastopolya, 1st partnerlanguage)
  • thumbs of the feet (1st metatarsophalangeal joints).
  • the spine (a well-known degenerative disc disease).
  • acromionectomy joints.
  • at least – wrist, elbow, shoulder joints.

Reasons

Since the beginning of the occurrence of the disease is fairly quickly formed osteophytes (known as calcification). Most patients with osteoarthritis believe that the root cause of the disease are age-related metabolic processes, that is, the disease can be called involution (senile). However, scientists still do not have a clear understanding of the causes of this disease. When arthritic process in the cartilage destruction is active, unlike the passive age-related degeneration.

The main stages of the disease

  • narrowing of the joint space due to destruction of the articular cartilage
  • the emergence of the irregularities on the surfaces of bone joints
  • the occurrence of voids in the bones, thereby reducing their internal density and strength
  • the aforementioned osteophytes
  • the deviation of the axis of the bone to the lateral side.

Symptoms

In the affected areas of the joints lead to pain during movement, so the limb can not be fully functional.

For osteoarthritis is characterized by the following symptoms

  • mechanical pain at higher loads (in particular, osteoarthritis of the knee manifested during sit-UPS, sports, when walking with a load)
  • night pain syndrome (due to stagnation of venous blood and increased pressure inside the bone)
  • syndrome-aching weather of the joints (response to changing atmospheric conditions humidity, pressure, temperature)
  • crunching, swelling in the affected joint
  • stiffness in morning awakening.

Complications

During the progress of the disease complications can occur. The most common infringement of the fragment between the surfaces of the joint (called the articular mouse). In such cases, when the knee joint arthrosis occurs blockade with amplified pain syndrome, not giving the patient to make a single movement. If the blockage occurs in the background of the deterioration of the knee menisci (often found in athletes and members of certain professions), it is intermittent in nature.

Another type of complications of arthritis often occurs on the background of reactive inflammation secondary synovitis. The pain becomes constant, it is not based on movement or state of rest. Increases joint visually and by touch, the tissues around it are warming.

At advanced stages or with too rapid development of the disease, irreversible changes in the joints leading to disability due to deformations, not subject to cure. Therefore, correct recognition of the clinical picture, timely treatment program.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is a specialist and is based in the us the following figures

  • complaints of the patient on the emergence of new discomfort, pain
  • palpation (probing) of joints for the presence of liquid, strain
  • radiography (classical approach, giving an unambiguous picture of the condition of the joint at the moment)
  • MRI allows to detect osteoarthritis in its earliest stages as bone structure
  • Ultrasound allows you to see the bones of the pathological synovial fluid in the joint cavity shows the depletion and growth of bone tissue.

Treatment

Without the desire on the part of the patient arthritis joints cure or substantially alleviate the disease very difficult. Meanwhile, there are quite effective methods in the fight against disease.

Among the methods of treatment of osteoarthritis

  • hardware therapy
  • diet (reduction excess weight, a fortification, a variety of receive elements)
  • physiotherapy
  • minimizing weight loads
  • medications (external ointments nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for internal use).

All efforts should be directed at slowing degeneration changes in the tissues and the elimination of pain syndrome.

Recommend you read other articles on the topic of Arthrosis (Osteoarthritis)


At the moment the arthritis is one of the main diseases of the joints. In fact, there is inflammation of a person experiences acute pain in the joints, they swell, the skin over them becomes red and hot to the touch. In severe cases, arthritis can lead to significant deformation of the joint, and almost always thinner articular cartilage and changes to ligaments.


At the moment the arthritis is one of the main diseases of the joints. In fact, there is inflammation of a person experiences acute pain in the joints, they swell, the skin over them becomes red and hot to the touch. In severe cases, arthritis can lead to significant deformation of the joint, and almost always thinner articular cartilage and changes to ligaments.