(dyshidrosis Greek. dys hidros sweat osis SYN. vodyanitsa) skin disease, the main manifestation of which is the emergence of vnutriepetelialnaya bubbles due to blockage of the sweat ducts is also used as a description of the overall difficulty of sweating.
For the first time disgidros as a clinical deviation from the norm described by Thomas Fox in 1873. It is worth noting that its causes and pathogenesis remain unclear to this day. Modern researchers tend to define dyshidrosis as a result of the drug reaction (medication or food) allergic reactions in patients with foot mycosis, eczema, pyoderma.
Disgidros are most susceptible people are prone to sweating, unstable to stress, suffered nervous shock, fright due to activation of the sweat glands, with exacerbations in hot weather.
The disease is accompanied by obstruction of the permeability in the sweat ducts, exudative inflammation of the epidermis and formation of subcutaneous vesicles.
On the skin of the hands, fingers, feet and much less frequently on the dorsal surfaces of the fingers and hands appear subcutaneous bubbles in the depth of the skin, but keeping the transparency. Quite common disgidros hands. Bubbles are easily detectable through the top layer of the skin and resemble the accumulations of grit.
The emergence of bubbles is characterized by unpleasant sensations burning and itching. The emergence of bubbles is associated with periodic exacerbations. Combing such entities promotes the penetration of pathogens into the epithelium. When infected bubbles acquire a light yellow color and become less transparent.
In areas such formations may appear swollen or redness of the skin. In hot climates such formations may extend to the skin surface of the body. At low humidity the possible atypical form disgidros its dry form. This form of the disease is not accompanied by the formation of bubbles detected by other entities, similar to the formation of husk, absence of itching and other irritations.
At the stage of slowing down of disease activity is the bursting of bubbles and the formation of the husk with necrosis of the surrounding epithelium, has dry skin that cracks and peels. Acute usually lasts from one to three weeks, in some cases up to six months. Wet and warm weather conditions contribute to the prolongation of the acute stage.
To diagnose dyshidrosis is necessary to consult a dermatologist. Diagnosis is done through medical history of the patient, measuring the level of sweating, external inspection of the affected areas.
When the disease digirez the treatment must be carried out the whole complex of means. One of them is anti-inflammatory and antihistamine drugs that can withstand exogenous microorganisms that have been recorded in the body as a result of scratching. Moisturizing creams and ointments, corticosteroids, compresses.
People at risk are advised to use a moisturizing soap, constantly to help maintain the necessary moisture of the hands and feet. When you establish as the cause of acute illness, stress or other disorders of the CNS recommended the use of sedatives. If in the acute stage was infected with a fungal infection should take appropriate anti-fungal action.
The state of deterioration may occur again, causing suppuration and inflammation of the lymph nodes. To prevent relapse it is necessary to reduce alcohol consumption, lead an active physical activity and try to greatly reduce the amount of salt in food. When there is disgidros owner, an important factor is hand hygiene constant washing and timely medical treatment of wounds and cuts, especially if disgidros in children. Unwanted are getting soda and other alkalis to the surface of the skin.