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Varicose veins

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Treatment


Varices (varicose veins of the lower extremities)

disease characterized by enlarged lumen of veins, their deformation and thinning of the venous walls. As a consequence, impaired outflow of venous blood in the lower extremities. Studies show that this disease affects both men and women, but in women it occurs twice as often.

Reasons

Varicose veins of the lower extremities due to the influence of various factors, which can be divided into two groups.

Factors associated with predisposition to the disease

  • congenital deformity of veins
  • heredity
  • acquired deformation of the veins
  • the presence of non-functional arteriolo-venular anastomoses
  • weakening of venous walls due to hormonal changes within the body, for example varicose veins during pregnancy, during menopause or puberty.

Manufacturing factors affecting the increase in pressure in the veins due to prolonged stay in a standing position or by mechanical compression of the veins

  • caused by professional activity (sellers, porters, surgeons)
  • when overweight
  • also varicose veins on the legs may occur in connection with the presence of chronic cough or when you have frequent constipation.

Symptoms

At the initial stage, the varicose veins under the skin. To establish if venous circulation immediately, then other complaints will arise.

If the disease progresses, you see the following symptoms

  • fatigue
  • a feeling of heaviness in the lower extremities
  • cramping calf muscles (often appear in the evening and at night)
  • there is a sensation of tingling and numbness of the legs.

With further development of this disease starts, trophic disorders, which are often concentrated in the area of the inner surface of the tibia.

The symptoms of disorder of the trophic

  • formed seals the vein walls
  • sometimes occurs skin hyperpigmentation
  • atrophy of the skin
  • dermatitis is a disease characterized by the inflammation of the skin
  • in the later stages of the disease can progress to trophic ulcers, which is virtually untreatable.

In chronic varicose veins symptoms manifested in the form of swelling of the lower extremities during prolonged stay in a standing position. After a night’s rest swelling usually disappear completely.

Complications

Varicose veins of the lower extremities can lead to diseases such as

  • hemorrhoids a disease characterized by varicose veins of the rectum
  • varicocele varicose veins of the spermatic cord
  • portal hypertension syndrome, in which the portal vein the pressure increases.


Treatment

The treatment of varicose veins can be divided into a method of conservative treatment, method of sclerosing treatment and surgery. When using a conservative method, the emphasis is on prevention of further development of disease.

If for any reasons, other methods are contraindicated or not available, this method is most feasible. For example, it is used during pregnancy. In this patient, strongly recommend to apply a pressure bandage with elastic bandage on the affected leg. You can also use wearing tight elastic stockings. You should also exclude long stay on his feet and challenging exercise. Shoes needs to be comfortable and without heels.

If the work involves prolonged sitting in one place, for sore feet is necessary to purchase a small chair or a special stand to give it a horizontal position. Every a couple of hours you need to walk a bit or make 1015 elevations on tiptoe. With loads of this kind of calf muscle contracts and blood circulation increases.

To prevent further development of the disease is recommended physical therapy sessions, and in early forms of water treatment. Swimming and warm (not above 35 degrees) foot baths are good for strengthening vein walls.

Administered the medical treatment, among which are widely used antibiotics (to stop inflammation), NSAIDs, antioxidants and antiplatelet agents. To consolidate the positive effect additionally prescribe phleboprotector and polyvalent phlebotonics.

Means topical application (gels, ointments) are assigned regardless of the severity forms of the disease. In some cases, also prescribe corticosteroid drugs.

For patients who are at risk because of heredity, overweight or hormonal changes in the body, prescribe preventive therapy.

Sclerotherapy

Varicose veins treatment using sclerosing therapy is the use of sclerosing solutions. They are administered in the varices and varicose veins. The solution operates on the principle of glue, connecting the wall of the vein. As a result, blood flow ceases and Vienna disappears. These solutions come in the form of foam. The advantages of the foam form is that the drug is better contact with the vein wall due to the increase of the square. Also, this consistency prevents the drug mix with blood, which retains its concentration. This drug can be administered into a vein of any size and he is not inferior to the efficiency of surgical techniques and the use of laser coagulation.

Phlebectomy

If varicose disease requires radical treatment, using the method of surgical intervention. Operation of varicose is to remove veins. To do this, carry out a procedure called phlebectomy is a surgical operation in which removal of the exposed saphenous vein. It helps prevent stress on the deeper layers of venous.

Endovenous laser treatment

Another way to remove varicose veins is endovenous laser treatment. Method of modern treatment, which essentially consists in the thermal energy of the laser radiation. The laser has impact only on the sites of the venous wall, not touching at the same tissue and nerve endings that are close. Under the influence of radiation Vienna closed and removed from the bloodstream. The procedure is performed using local anesthesia without placing the hospital. Ultra slim laser fiber is inserted into the vein through a skin puncture. The procedure gives good results and is popular because of the possibility of outpatient treatment and rapid rehabilitation.

Radiofrequency coagulation

Another method of removal with varicose veins is radiofrequency coagulation. The essence of the method lies in the fact that the vascular wall of the veins affected by radio frequency radiation. Since the main goal is the cessation of blood flow, using this method Vienna as if brewed by radiation. Gradually dissolves and Vienna in the period from six months to one year to completely disappear. The advantage of this method is the absence of surgical intervention, and the ability of the procedure and any related pathologies. This technique does not have a systemic effect on the body of the patient.

As the most difficult consequence of chronic venous insufficiency are venous ulcers, their treatment is complex, including a method of endovenous laser coagulation, sclerotia and miniphlebectomy. Often carried out local treatment, which is surgical cleansing of the ulcer formation and skin grafts on the affected areas of the body. This complication specialist assigns the following medications

  • phlebotonics drugs that have a positive effect on the venous wall, have a tonic effect. There are different forms (ointments, gels, tablets)
  • antihistamines to block histamine receptors
  • antibiotics to stop and control the inflammatory process in the body.

Use compression therapy to eliminate the severity of swelling and pain in the lower extremities during walking. Wearing specialized linen of compression hosiery, bandages of special bandages will help to facilitate the course of the disease and get rid of the further spread of the complications.

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Varicose veins is a venous disease in which veins grow, expand and lose their elasticity. The disease affects veins of the lower extremities, rectum and spermatic cord. The development of varicose veins occurs when the conditions or diseases that impede normal blood flow through the venous system of the permanent long stay on his feet because of professional activities, pregnancy, disease obstruction of the deep veins of the pelvis or thigh. Varices can also occur when congenital weakness of the vein walls and failure of venous valves.


Varicose veins during pregnancy is a common condition, occurring in 20% of women of childbearing age and in 96% cases occur during pregnancy and after childbirth. Varicose veins is observed in a large system, at least in the small saphenous vein begins from the tributaries of the trunk veins of the lower leg. Varicose veins during pregnancy can occur in the lower limbs and genitals female labia, vagina and uterus.


Acacia flowers, bark, twigs and honey have beneficial properties and are widely used in folk medicine varicose veins and other diseases. Studies have shown that acacia contains sugar, vitamins, organic acids, essential oils, and the bark is tannin. The flowers are harvested during flowering. They need to be spread in a thin layer, in the open air in a dark place, on a thin fabric or paper and dried. The bark is harvested in the spring before bloom leaves. The bark must be dried in a warm place where a lot of air. In the bark of the black locust are poisonous substances, therefore, it is necessary to apply with caution.


Varicose veins is a venous disease in which veins grow, expand and lose their elasticity. The disease affects veins of the lower extremities, rectum and spermatic cord. The development of varicose veins occurs when the conditions or diseases that impede normal blood flow through the venous system of the permanent long stay on his feet because of professional activities, pregnancy, disease obstruction of the deep veins of the pelvis or thigh. Varices can also occur when congenital weakness of the vein walls and failure of venous valves.