quite a serious disease, which is characterized by the appearance of stones in the urinary tract, especially in the kidneys. This disease is very common among people and holds a leading position among urological diseases that can be severe and prone to relapse.
Kidney stones kidney disease attacks both adult and children’s organisms, which makes its treatment is complex and individualized. Urologist diagnose each patient, and then assigns the appropriate treatment based on physiological and individual peculiarities of the person.
Second name urolithiasis urolithiasis, during which stones can occur in the ureters, urethra, bladder. The most frequently diagnosed stones in one kidney, however, the development of the bilateral process is also possible. As a rule, in the kidneys and urinary organs may be a single stone, but often patients find several stones.
Features and types of stones
Kinds of stones can be very different, depending on their structural construction and chemical composition, distinguish phosphates, oxalates, urate and other stones. Their value can reach huge sizes up to 10 cm, so be a small diameter of about 2 mm. in some patients the stones are at the body for a long time, it does not increase in size, and the other for a small period of time, the size of the stone is increased to giant size, which leads to severe pain. If stones occur repeatedly, after treatment, they begin to acquire recurrent in nature.
Symptoms of kidney stones
Symptoms of kidney stones depend on what organs located in the stones, however, there are several symptoms that characterize urolithiasis
- blood may be in urine
- frequent and painful urination
- there are attacks of pain.
If there are stones in the ureter and they blocked the clearance, start of renal colic, which are characterized by a sharp pain, able to suddenly appear and disappear. The duration of the attack may last a few minutes, and sometimes lasts the whole day, the body position will not affect pain. The pain may be localized to give to the groin and the inner thighs and genitals, and in rare cases, there is nausea and vomiting.
A stone in the bladder, provokes frequent urination and causes pain during movement. During urination the flow of urine may suddenly stop and only after the change of body position is resumed. This process is caused by the fact that the concretion is moved to the bladder neck, which prevents the full outflow of urine. With the accession of a urinary infection may appear first and signs of chronic pyelonephritis. The signs of kidney stones can not be ignored, that is why when the first symptoms should see a doctor, it will allow to avoid serious consequences.
The causes of kidney stones
Urolithiasis in children and adults may develop as a result of the emergence of endocrine diseases, urinary infection and the broken metabolism. The disease can also develop rapidly in the presence of anatomical features, which eventually lead to the violation of the outflow of urine, which affects the appearance of the first symptoms of this disease.
To date scientists have not been able to develop a General theory that could identify a clear mechanism of urolithiasis. This disease can develop on the background of malnutrition and maintenance of an unhealthy lifestyle, namely consumption of fatty foods, abuse of alcohol and Smoking. One of the most common causes of kidney stones is a systematic medication.
The scientists were able to prove that the occurrence of urolithiasis depends on the climatic conditions in which people live. The most important to drink purified water, as drinking untreated water contributes to the formation of stones in urinary organs. Therefore, in order to prevent this disease, you should eat a healthy diet and daily use of the required dose of vitamins and minerals.
The treatment of urolithiasis
The treatment of urolithiasis is to ensure that the patient hospitalityat and to stop attacks prescribe antispasmodics, which produce an analgesic effect. Another group of drugs that can be prescribed for people with such diseases, are a-adrenergic blockers, they expel stones from the urinary organs, and if the patient’s condition is critical, they are administered intravenously.
Symptoms of kidney stones in women and symptoms of kidney stones in men does not differ among themselves, so the treatment is the same for both sexes. In severe cases, the solution to the problem of this disease can be instrumental intervention. In modern medicine often use minimally invasive and non-invasive techniques that are rentgenologicheski methods of removing stones from the urinary organs.
There is a standard conservative treatment of urolithiasis, which includes
- diet therapy
- physical therapy
- the Spa treatment.
Once the character accumulates salts, you can immediately proceed to the practical care, because incorrect assignment of standard methods of treatment, the disease can progress.
So, when composing a diet for calcium oxalate stones, as a rule, from the diet of the patient completely eliminated chocolate, coffee, cocoa, strong tea, cheese, milk, cheese. In the presence of uric acid stones limit the intake of protein foods, and fatty and spicy foods, alcohol and chocolate. If the patient was identified, calcium stones, diet completely excludes the consumption of milk, potatoes, cottage cheese, cheese and beans.
In the appointment of litholytic therapy is the treatment of citrate compounds, which may lead to a complete dissolution of urate, but in the presence of other types of stones, this therapy will be completely ineffective.
Spa treatment may be performed at any time of the year, giving us a good opportunity to overcome this disease. This therapy is very effective in the presence of such stones, such as oxalate and urate, they can dissolve in the treatment of low-mineralized alkaline mineral waters.
In order to eliminate the possibility of developing kidney stones, it is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle and drink only purified water and systematically undergo diagnosis of the organism. The detection of any disease in the early stages can prevent undesirable consequences and to prescribe effective therapy, so carefully follow health, and any illness will pass you.