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Ureaplasmosis


Ureaplasmosis

disease of the genitourinary system that is characterized by inflammation caused by Ureaplasma (opportunistic microorganism). That is, the Ureaplasma is an intracellular particle affecting the mucous membranes of the urinary or genital organs.

Ureaplasma takes an intermediate position between viruses and single-celled organisms, because it does not have its own cell wall. This organism can long time remain in the human body and parasite, without causing pathological process. And statistically, 70% of women and men are carriers of this parasite. Occur the disease can be due to the predisposing factors, influencing the person. The inflammatory process in organs of genitourinary system is caused by Ureaplasma, when not detected other microorganisms, having the ability to provoke the disease. The disease itself can kharakterizuetsya acute or chronic form.

Reasons

Usually the infection of this disease is by sexual contact. That is, the cause of anaplasmosis can be sexual relationships, decreased immunity, the presence of inducing diseases (related genital infections). The disease can be transmitted from mother to child through the birth canal.

Symptoms

The symptoms of anaplasmosis are varied for women and men. Pathology is accompanied by an incubation period ranging from several days to a month. And chronic anaplasmosis is characterized by oiled and soft symptoms.

Women Ureaplasma is often asymptomatic, but from time to time may be

  • pain that radiates in the abdomen
  • burning or itching of the external genitalia or the urethra
  • periodic clear discharge from the vagina, especially in the morning due to the long retention of urine
  • weakness and slight fever
  • during urination there is a burning sensation.

Men anaplasmosis can manifest in the form

  • frequent urination
  • sexual dysfunction and erection
  • itching or burning in the area of the urethra, and penile
  • pain during urination
  • transparent discharge from the urethra
  • pain in the anus or the thighs.

Complications

Today, the development of urogenital ureaplasmosis associated with reproductive functions, as infertility of women can be the consequence of inflammation caused by these microorganisms. Inflammation caused by Ureaplasma entails endometritis, adhesions in the fallopian passages, oophoritis, and other complications. Such disease in women usually end up the inability to conceive or spontaneous abortion.

Ureaplasma in men also causes negative consequences, such as infertility, impaired sperm motility, and similar problems.

In women, Ureaplasma can cause such complications

  • urolithiasis is a metabolic disorder in the body, resulting in kidney stones or bladder
  • cystitis acute or chronic inflammation in the ureters
  • oophoritis inflammation of the ovaries and shell frosted tubes
  • pyelonephritis inflammation of the kidney
  • endometritis inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus
  • infertility, as it disrupted the normal formation of eggs.
  • complication of pregnancy, as possible violation of fetal development, premature births and similar problems.

In men this condition can cause complications in the form

  • pyelonephritis
  • cystitis
  • urethritis (inflammation in urethra)
  • urolithiasis
  • orchitis (inflammation of testicles)
  • prostatitis (inflammation of prostate)
  • epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis)
  • infertility.

Diagnosis

Treatment of anaplasmosis should be performed in accordance with the recommendations of the doctor. Before seeking treatment of a ureaplasmosis, it is necessary to undergo laboratory diagnostics to confirm the diagnosis. Initially, you need to address to the urologist or gynecologist who may prescribe the following instrumental examinations

  • colcoscopy examination of the vaginal walls and its entrances with the help of special equipment
  • a. examination of the urinary passageways using endoscopic equipment.

Also there are many laboratory methods to identify the causative agent of anaplasmosis, among which are

  • serological tests performed to detect the necessary antibodies in the blood formed in response to the emergence of a particular antigen in the blood
  • polymerase chain reaction makes it possible to determine the presence of viruses or bacteria in the DNA on the basis of the examined material
  • microbiological analysis method of the research of the biological material on the content of those or other microorganisms by transfer to a nutrient medium
  • bacteriological analysis gives the opportunity to detect the pathogen in the material taken through a microscope
  • the reaction immunofluorescence assay detects specific antibody in a biological material using a special token
  • enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in biological material makes it possible to identify specific antigens that are alien piece.

Treatment

Usually the treatment of Ureaplasma-based diet in which a person must refrain from eating smoked food, alcoholic drinks, and excessively salty, fried, fatty foods.

Treatment of Ureaplasma based on the integrated application of a number of drugs

  • antibiotics to destroy the pathogen
  • the use of pre – and probiotics to restore the normal microflora
  • the use of vitamins
  • the use of immunomodulators, which adjust the body’s immune response
  • use interferogenic means for additional suppression of the pathogen
  • the use of drugs reparative actions to accelerate the recovery processes.

Massage has a positive effect, the introduction of medicines into the urethra, warming vaginal swabs, UV irradiation and so on.