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Thyrotoxicosis

  1. Symptoms
  2. Diagnosis
  3. Treatment


Thyrotoxicosis

this condition increased activity of the thyroid gland. Also the level of thyroid hormones in the blood. To detect the disease, you must know the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. They differ by gender and status. So, they are distinguished from men, women, children, and pregnant women.

Symptoms

Disease thyrotoxicosis symptoms that are inherent to men

  • reducing the weight with a good appetite
  • exophthalmia, the gap of the eyelid margin, the eyelids closing is not until the end
  • irritability, excessive excitability, rapid mood swings
  • weakness, speedy fatigue
  • feeling the heat
  • feeling of arrhythmia
  • tremors of hands and body
  • dryness, fullness in the eyes
  • frequent change of diarrhea and constipation
  • decreased libido.

Women experience the same symptoms as men, but they still attached the menstrual cycle. During pregnancy observed exactly the same symptoms as men.

For children the characteristic symptoms restlessness, tearfulness and fatigue, poorly tolerated physical activity, impaired physical and mental development.

Form

Distinguish some forms of hyperthyroidism, caused by various reasons.

Thyrotoxicosis thyroid

  • diffuse toxic goiter
  • active tumor thyroid
  • the early stage of autoimmune thyroiditis (level of thyroid hormones increases due to the destruction of tissue or its stimulation by stimulating the formation of antibodies to the receptor for thyroid-stimulating hormone). This process caused by the production of more hormones than required by the body.

Cause is an incorrect selection of the dosage of hormonal drugs or receiving antiarrhythmic drug, which is expected to stabilize heart rhythm.

Diseases of the regulatory system, the formation of a large number of hormones, which activate the process of working of the thyroid gland in pituitary tumors. But it is quite rare.

All people, despite gender, causes of the disease are the same

  • heredity
  • concomitant autoimmune disease (it may be bronchial asthma or rheumatoid arthritis).

Only one reason is distinctive of the female sex, which autoimmune diseases more often than men.

Diagnosis

In the diagnosis of disease, the doctor turns his attention to the size of the thyroid gland (its change) on eye symptoms, the cardiovascular system, especially in disturbed cardiac rhythm, reduction of weight or during normal periods of rapid food intake, mood swings, fatigue and irritability of the patient. Also escapes from the doctor and relatives of thyroid disease. Necessarily when the diagnosis is made by complete laboratory examination a blood test for thyroxine, triiodothyronine, thyroid-stimulating hormone. Also necessary and important, an immunoassay, ultrasound, scintigraphy of the thyroid gland, an MRI or CT scan of the head. Pregnant women are required to consult with the obstetrician-gynecologist.

Subclinical hyperthyroidism is diagnosed when the detection of low content of thyroid stimulating hormone in the blood.

Treatment

Designated doctor

  • a diet rich in protein and carbohydrates to saturate the body with nutrients
  • thyreostatics drugs that prevent the creation of thyroid hormones
  • surgical treatment according to indications
  • radioiodine therapy, which is an alternative to surgical intervention.

Complications

Men, women and children, the complications are the same

  • chronic heart disease
  • the enlarged prostate
  • difficulty to breathe or swallow
  • infertility
  • ophthalmopathy.

Thyrotoxicosis and pregnancy are incompatible there is a risk of fetal loss and other complications of the disease. For example, morning sickness, dysfunction of the placenta, the risk of fetal growth retardation, high likelihood of miscarriage or premature birth, or birth of a child with congenital hyperthyroidism.

For the prevention of disease men and women should eat right by eating vegetables, fruits and herbs. It is advisable to refrain from fried, canned, spicy, too hot and be sure to give up Smoking and drinking. Also welcome inspections endocrinologist for prevention.

For pregnant women prevention of hyperthyroidism is not only the above, but also in a timely visit to an obstetrician-gynecologist and statement on the account in female consultation.

Kids should eat right and also pass the examination at the doctor-endocrinologist.