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Thyroiditis


Thyroiditis

it is a collective term used to unite endocrinology thyroid disease with an inflammatory process.

The types and causes of thyroiditis

The term thyroiditis collected different in their cause and pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases of the thyroid gland. There are additional factors that cause thyroiditis is suffering acute respiratory disease, excessive consumption of chlorine, iodine and fluorine, obnoxious influence of environment, stress, UV rays, free from the hormonal drugs.


There are several thyroiditis

  • acute thyroiditis progresses during penetration in the thyroid gland infection of blood, lymph, or, if adjacent organs are festering infection and touch it. This is possible with various forms of pneumonia, tonsillitis and the like. Irritant endemic is usually Streptococcus or Staphylococcus. A rather rare form of acute purulent thyroiditis, formed in the unconscious trauma, radiation exposure of extravasation in the prostate. So, inflammation occurs without the involvement of pathogenic microorganisms, i.e. it is aseptic
  • subacute thyroiditis (also called de quervain thyroiditis). Its source is a viral infection. Can develop when the temperature rises to 38, neck pain, with weakness and deterioration of health. But usually the disease manifests a slight indisposition, the part of the gland enlarged and painful on palpation. Grapples are usually female from 20 to 50 years. In men, this form of thyroiditis occurs in some times less, rarely diagnosed in elderly patients and children.
  • autoimmune thyroiditis (also called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis). At the root of the pathological process runs defeat cancer, due to the performance of antibodies to the personal cells. The breast tissue is exposed to destabilizing transformations, collapsing follicular cells in the center of the inflammation is going to lymphoid infiltration. It is solely a women’s disease
  • fibrous thyroiditis (also known as thyroiditis Riedel’s). The origin of this unique disease and now is certainly not clear. At a certain stage in the gland begins to grow connective tissue, gradually replacing its contents, with creation of plural fibroids.

Symptoms of thyroiditis

Acute thyroiditis emerges pain in the front of the neck is recorded in the occipital, upper and lower jaw. Moving head and swallowing are accompanied by severe pathologies. When probing, an increase of the thyroid gland and cervical lymph nodes. If it has formed an abscess, then when the feeling is felt in the gland, the concentration of the liquid. The growth of white blood cells, immature neutrophils, metamyelocytes, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Acute purulent thyroiditis thyroid has the same symptoms, but less pronounced.

Subacute thyroiditis is pain in the neck, but it spread wider, the pain is transferred to whiskey and ears. Expressed weakness, headache, decreased motor motor skills. Blood can leak the same metamorphosis as in acute thyroiditis. The disease is in several stages of Hyper – and hypothyroid. Detection of hyperthyroidism is due to destruction of thyroid follicles and release of these hormones. Tend sweating, palpitations, weight loss, twitching hands. In the blood is fixed to the high saturation with thyroxine. Hypothyroidism occurs after destruction of the basic number of follicles, when the gland can no longer provide a proper level of hormones in the blood. Observed lethargy, drowsiness, dry skin, swollen face, the level of thyroxine and triiodothyronine is reduced.

Symptoms fibrous thyroiditis General enlargement of the thyroid gland, it will seal, the disappearance of mobility. The neck is compressed, the voice, thus, is hoarse. When ingested iron is not moving due to ingrowth in the surrounding tissue. Develops hypothyroidism.

Treatment thyroiditis

Acute thyroiditis anticipates a quick hospitalization of the patient. Conducted antibacterial therapy, the abscess is cut and provide the outflow of pus, in order to prevent its distribution in the cervical region and mediastinum. With timely treatment to a specialist can be completely cured.

Inflammation in subacute thyroiditis suppress the hormones of the adrenal within 4 weeks. When you feel pain prescribe analgesics. Surgical intervention is usually not required. Subacute thyroiditis can be cured completely, but perhaps small seals are lost, but they do not need surgery.

In autoimmune thyroiditis the above mentioned intervention is also not required. Here a reasonable hormone replacement therapy with thyroxine. Dose adjusted for each patient personally, each quarter carried out an ultrasound and a blood test for hormones. The disease is completely cured it is impossible, it remains only chronic thyroiditis.

Any kind of thyroiditis must be treated under the supervision of an endocrinologist.

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Friends! We recently asked a leading endocrinologist, honored doctor of Ukraine, chief physician of the clinic Modern Diabetes Center, expert of the show, I sorumlusu his ashes Larissa Nifontova to answer questions of subscribers to Facebook page service Doc.ua.
As promised, we publish the answers. I hope they will help you to understand exciting issues.