The disease manifests itself variously, and clear signs appear only in pronounced form of hypothyroidism. But for women mainly characteristic of primary hypothyroidism, which manifests itself mainly in the form of lethargy, a life of apathy. One more typical signs of a sense of coldness in any weather, feeling sleepy even after a full sleep, poor memory, faltering of the tongue.
For hypothyroidism in women, characterized by swelling rather peculiar, as when pressed with your finger in the anterior surface of the leg will not have a pit. The skin becomes pale, dry, with a yellowish tinge. Skin on heels and elbows resemble sandpaper. These symptoms associated with impaired functionality of the sebaceous and sweat glands. Is violated and the structure of nails, they bend and flake, sometimes torn.
Due to swelling of the vocal cords changes the voice rattle in conversation (always or in case of excitement). Changing the structure of the hair, they become brittle and fall out in large amounts (this is typical of hair on the head, in the eyebrows, hair in the pubic area). Blood pressure and body temperature drop (arterial hypertension, fixed in 10-20% of women with hypothyroidism). Heart rate may decrease (less than 55 udarabine). If the disease is started, it may be tachycardia (heart rate greater than 90 udarabine).
The symptoms of hypothyroidism in women are manifested in the form of thickenings of the extremities. Fat fingers, becoming visually short. Patients with hypothyroidism often do not sweat (sweat is released only through the hands). On the face and back acne occur, which are almost impossible to treat. Impaired taste and smell, difficulty breathing due to swelling of the mucous membrane. This becomes the basis for the development of infectious diseases in the upper respiratory tract (in this case they occur without the high temperature because the metabolism is slowed down).
In the absence of adequate treatment of hypothyroidism in women may experience puffiness of the face, it will be slow, edema under eyes, eye gap will become narrow, expressionless look.
In the early stages of the body kompensiruet increased load on hormonal production, so in the thyroid gland change is not happening, and any signs of the disease are not evident. Later starts the conversion of the thyroid tissue, it develops a local or General increase in follicles, forming a nodular or diffuse goiter. Women with these symptoms often find the natural amount of hormones.
If the level of thyroid decreased, it is possible to suspect the condition of subcompensation (deficit functionality of the thyroid gland). And at the same time increasing the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is a natural, as it performs the function of monitoring the activities of the thyroid gland. If the activity is restored, hormone levels come back to normal. If the level of thyroid hormone T4 is normal and TSH elevated hypothyroidism in women called subclinical the body itself cope with the load. If T4 is decreased and TSH is elevated, it is about manifestos hypothyroidism, which necessarily need to be treated.
Treatment of hypothyroidism the thyroid gland in women
Modern means of diagnosis and treatment allow time to detect and begin treatment of hypothyroidism in women, giving a basis for a full life. The main aspect of treatment is the prescription of hormonal replacement therapy. The patient select the optimal dose of the right thyroid drug and for several months the correct dose (start with the minimum, and then monitor the status and hormone levels).
The main principle of treating hormonal drug designation maximum tolerated doses, so you can achieve the compensated currents of hypothyroidism. After a few months the patient will feel healthy. Women found the fear that taking the hormone will lead to changes of the shape. It’s not the drugs used in the treatment of hypothyroidism in women, optimize the metabolism and do not cause obesity.
If replacement therapy is started promptly and is performed properly, there will be a disabled patient. As for the possibility of getting pregnant this process is associated with certain risks, so it is important to consult with your doctor. Also need dosage adjustment (increase), frequent testing and
endocrinologist. It is not excluded abnormalities in fetal development and postnatal complications.
Other methods of treatment of hypothyroidism in women
- hypothyroidism surgical removal of part of the thyroid gland, causing the load on the gland and cause a lack of hormones. After that you will need lifelong hormonal drugs
- iodine deficiency hypothyroidism insufficient intake of iodine affects thyroid function. Treated by the introduction of necessary doses of iodine
- anemia on the background of hypothyroidism treated with intake of vitamin B12 and digestible iron preparations.
An important aspect of treatment of hypothyroidism the thyroid gland in women the correct diet. Diet for hypothyroidism and women should be sustainable, easily digestible food, rich in vitamins C, A, b, macro – and microelements. Such a diet will help to normalize the disturbed metabolic processes.
Patients with hypothyroidism are often obese, as the slowing of metabolic processes provokes inadequate processing of food. Therefore, the calories in the daily diet, need to control, removing from menu animal fats and starchy sugary foods.
Lifestyle should also include daily walks, do exercises, follow the doctor’s recommendations. The complex of actions will allow to quickly restore the natural state of the body.
The effects of hypothyroidism in women
The lack of adequate and timely treatment will cause such consequences
- anemia due to decreased iron absorption in the intestine
- pain in the head, limbs, lower back, menstrual irregularities, early menopause due to improper functioning of the nervous system
- cholesterol deposits due to lack of thyroid
- loss of appetite, constipation, flatulence due to disorders of the gastrointestinal tract
- changes of psychological functions due to disturbances in the Central and peripheral nervous systems
- memory disorders, intellectual disability, frequent changes in mood, aggressiveness or apathy hypothyroid moderate complexity
- dystrophic lesions of the vessels and the heart
- prekomatosnoe condition.
To avoid these consequences, it is important to refer to the endocrinologist. Modern means of diagnosis and treatment can identify hypothyroidism in women and to achieve high results in order to make patient’s life full.