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The flu – how to protect yourself from illness

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


    This virus spreads fast enough and modificeres, every year a new flu virus. Today, there are over two thousand known varieties of this virus. So over the last decade we’ve heard about bird flu, swine flu and mad cow flu, which pose a great danger to the lives of people and animals.


    Reasons

    The flu virus is transmitted from an infected airborne droplets in the first 5 7 days of intoxication when you cough or sneeze. In a healthy person it is triggered by RNA-containing viruses, which can be of three types A, b and C.

    The influenza virus replicates in the epithelium of the respiratory tract, particularly in trochee, destroying it. Over time, particles of influenza virus, as well as the metabolic products get into the blood stream, which leads to a sharp increase in body temperature. At the low tone of the body, the flu virus is able to infect other systems and organs, it can lead to hemorrhagic syndrome.

    Symptoms

    Flu symptoms is very pronounced. First infected with influenza virus has been a sharp increase in body temperature up to 40C. Temperature is accompanied by a fever, an unpleasant feeling aches in muscles, high sweating of the body and General weakness.

    Other observed symptoms of the flu, which can be not very pronounced headache in the temples, eyebrows and forehead. As the patient’s condition is characterized by painful sensations in the region of the eyeballs and tearing. At the beginning of the disease is marked dryness in the nasal and throat pathways, which eventually gives way to nasal congestion, difficulty breathing and inflammation with mucus.

    Later manifest dry cough with a tickle in the throat, pain in the chest and throat. Among rare symptoms of the flu is found vomiting, diarrhea and sharp pain in the abdomen.

    Complications

    For severe course of the virus and do not proper care for the patients manifest certain complications that can be divided into pulmonary and extrapulmonary. To pulmonary complications of influenza include all the varieties of pneumonia, lung abscess, respiratory distress syndrome and empyema.

    Extrapulmonary complications of influenza include otitis media, meningitis, rhinitis, myocarditis, Reye’s syndrome and other diseases. The worst and a rare consequence of influenza virus with a lethal outcome. It is more common among young children under the age of two years, and among the elderly over 65 years.

    Diagnosis

    The similarity of the primary symptoms of the flu with the symptoms of other respiratory infections complicates the correct and timely diagnosis. In the laboratory it is feasible to identify the influenza virus from swabs from the throat or mucosal epithelium of the nasal passage as well as a blood test.

    When non-specific laboratory investigations for diagnosis of influenza virus give direction to the General analysis of blood and urine and a chest x-ray to identify complications from the flu. Without the use of laboratory studies of the influenza virus is generally diagnosed based on epidemiological data, when there is concurrent disease of other members of the settlement.

    Treatment

    Treatment of influenza is possible even at home. What the method of treatment of the virus is chosen depends on the extent of the disease, its onlinenote, and the age and condition of the patient. In mild course of flu recommended treatment at home with strict bed rest condition.

    In this case, the treatment is based on excessive drinking, consumption of antipyretic medications at temperatures of more than 38C, the means of mitigating severe accompanying symptoms (runny nose, sore throat, cough) and other drugs against influenza. Patients with a very high fever and a severe form of flu, be hospitalized, where treatment with antibiotics under the supervision of a doctor.

    Treatment of influenza in pregnancy has some peculiarities. For pregnant women the flu virus is especially dangerous for its complications that can lead up to miscarriage in early pregnancy or fetal death in late pregnancy. Treatment should be done under the strict supervision of the attending physician, and the list of medications is greatly reduced due to contraindications during pregnancy.

    Another danger of the flu during pregnancy that weakened the organism of the expectant mother may pick another bacterial infection, is dangerous to the fetus.

    Treatment of influenza in children has a more careful control. The flu virus more dangerous to young and unformed body, so you should seriously approach to the treatment without your physician’s advice. All medicines against the flu should purchase strictly in the correct age category. At the slightest complication, you must contact your doctor.

    Prevention

    To avoid the risk and avoid this disease, you must perform certain preventive actions. In the first place mass prophylaxis influenza vaccination is represented in all city polyclinics. The vaccine is a live vaccine to persons of any age before the onset of the epidemic. In any case, cannot be vaccinated during a mass epidemic of the flu virus.

    Also for the prevention of influenza during an epidemic should avoid places where people congregate, use a cotton-gauze bandage, to air premises, to observe hygiene, wash hands before eating, etc. In the case of penetration of influenza virus in children, it is necessary to arrange the quarantine.