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Schizotypal disorder

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Treatment

Schizotypal disorder

this is a kind of mental illness, which is a personality disorder involving complex relationships, eccentric behavior, unusual form of communication, inadequate reactions.


Very often, this disease is a result of negative family relationships, stress, experiences of violence, use of drugs. It may be hereditary, if one of the parents suffered from mental disorders. In some cases, the appearance of this disease can be due to biological factors.

The prevalence

The disease affects about 3% of the population. Typically, most personality disorders affects women. Increased risk in adolescence.


Schizotypal disorder appears very similar to schizophrenia symptoms. First and foremost, it’s a bit vague speech, which unreasonably stretched.

A person suffering from this disease, often speaks too complex (for the perception of the interlocutor) of the phrase, to lose track of his thoughts is even harder. This is not to say that the patient completely away from reality as in schizophrenia.

Indicators are also excessive suspiciousness, paranoia, fear and anxiety, the case of hallucinations, obsessions (e.g., related to sexual misconduct or aggressive approach), detachment, isolation. The appearance of magical thinking is also a symptom of a personality disorder.

Usually, a person suffering from this disease, maybe not something to focus on. Accordingly, to lead an active and productive life, he was not out.


In this disease, there are two ways of treatment

  • psychotherapy (individually or in group), the effectiveness of sessions increases, with the participation of the relatives of the patient
  • medication. In this case, if the disease under supplications condition, prescribe drugs-tranquilizers or neuroleptics. If the patient is depressed, and then prescribe antidepressants.

The list of possible medications is large, but appropriate treatment can only be a doctor, for each case individually. In addition, there are many forms of this disease, which are generally not treated with medication, and are amenable only to psychoanalysis.