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Schistosomiasis

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Treatment


Schistosomiasis

called disease, they are caused by parasites belonging to the genus

Schistosoma

that, in case of penetration into the human body through the skin, followed by the portal vein. There, laying eggs, they contribute to the development of diseases such as the appearance of blood in the stool, fever, malaise in the abdomen. This disorder is called tile fever (Katayama fever).

Reasons

The disease caused by the parasite viability

Schistosoma

, reproduction of which can cause intestinal or urinary schistosomiasis. Carriers of this infectious disease can be both humans and animals (wild, domestic).

The prevalence

Schistosomiasis is considered one of the major diseases which is still called tropical disease. It is fairly common in South America, Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the middle East. According to statistics 207 million (in 74 countries) are infected with this disease.

To determine the schistosomiasis can be detected in the eggs of parasites

Schistosoma

in the stool and urine sediment, and with the help of Allergy tests and reactions of immunofluorescence.

Symptoms

The initial manifestation of the disease is fever, and redness and itching of the skin. These symptoms may last a few days, then disappear and appear the symptoms of pulmonary ailments expressed by cough with sputum, muscle pain, enlarged spleen and liver.

This pattern lasts for two weeks. After that schistosomiasis is becoming a chronic disease, the main symptom of which is the defeat of the gastrointestinal tract, which is accompanied by stools with blood and mucous admixture. Pain in the abdomen manifested in the form of spasms with tenesmus. In contact with Schistosoma in the lungs there is pain during breathing, and shortness of breath and cough.

Treatment

Drug treatment of schistosomiasis, especially in the early stages or initial stages of chronic form of the disease, allows the patient to recover completely from this disease. For this purpose, the preparations of antimony (Fadin), with the defeat of schistosomiasis gastrointestinal tract oxamniquine.