is an acute or chronic inflammatory process, attacking the mucous membrane of the nose, and usually occurs on the background of other diseases of different etiologies.
Provocateurs of this syndrome can be bacteria, viruses or substances that stimulate allergic reactions and disorders regulation mechanisms of the Central nervous system.
In this disease virtually all cases there is a danger of penetration of the inflammation into the adjacent cavity, which can cause sinusitis, sinusitis and other diseases.
Sometimes the migration of pathogenic organisms may have the following complications
The disease has highly variable etiology and can be divided into two main categories
- inflammation caused by any infection and can be acute or chronic. In turn, acute infection is nonspecific (primary) and specific, that is, one which develops on the background of other diseases. And chronic process, which may be catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic.
- non-infectious form. Is allergic rhinitis (occurring in the define a season, or any time of the year when contact with the allergen) and non-allergic. The latter refers
- vasomotor rhinitis, caused by violation of the tone of blood vessels
- rhinitis, in which there is eosinophilic leukocytosis
- nonspecific is considered to be a condition where atrophy of the mucous membrane and nerve endings
- nasal congestion in older people
- swelling of the mucous membranes caused by certain foods or alcohol
- to improve the separation of the slimes sometimes have the attitude some drugs
- it happens that breathing is difficult as a result of failure of hormonal background.
The acute form of the disease occurs as a result of the fact that the inner lining of the nose. infection (bacterial or viral) and in some cases is a symptom or companion of other diseases.
The chronic form follows the acute. Sometimes e determine external factors or disorders of the circulatory system.
Causes of vasomotor type referred to such stimuli as cold or smell. In this case the mucous membrane is inflamed, the mucus it increases sharply, which is a kind of protective reaction of the body.
The manifestations of allergic form of the disease is hypersensitivity of the mucous membrane to any kind of allergens. In some cases, it may be a virus or germs that causes the development of infectious-allergic process.
The initial stage of the disease characterized by a rapid current. E signs are sverbezh, insufficient uvlazhnennosti and redness of the nasal mucosa, sneezing, headaches, weakness, tearing, high body temperature, loss of smell.
For the next stage of the course of disease hallmarks are abundant sero-mucous discharge from the nasal passages, swelling of the inside of the nose, voice changes (it becomes gossliwil), breathing of the patient becomes difficult.
At the last stage in the content of the nose pus appears, and the intensity of these precipitates is gradually fading, decreases OTC and redness, breathing becomes much easier and after about a week, sometimes ten days, the disease is completely recedes.
Chronic rhinitis manifests itself in partial or complete obstruction of the sinuses (constant runny nose), poor sense of smell, a rare offices a small amount of mucus, which in the periods of aggravation mixed with pus. The inner surface of the nose has a slightly increased blood supply and a few are sealed.
For diseases that result from the change tone of blood vessels, characterized by such symptoms as swelling of the epithelium inside the nose, watery discharge and a constant chihota.
Neurovegetative form is characterized by an excess of the liquid contents of the sinuses, which appears and disappears regularly. Cross passages are reduced, most notably in the morning. Often the patient sneezes, sometimes there is tearing.
Occurring on the background of allergies, manifested periodic, but rather pronounced mucous outlets. Gradually this action connected to nearby cavity. This type of disease breaks out in CDO is receiving considerable time and decays immediately after the end of the allergen. The main symptoms of this painful condition are uncontrollable sneezing, swerve and obstruction of the sinuses.
In General, treatment of a cold is an elimination of symptoms and inflammation. For this purpose various medicines that can reduce the temperature, remove etcnot the inner lining and to ease breathing. Also this course includes vitamins.
Funds for local therapy designed to dissolve the dry clots of mucus to facilitate their subsequent removal from the nasal passages. You also need to optimize the performance of mucosa way of stimulating the circulation and functionality of the glands. It is shown the application of vasoconstrictive drops and antiseptic preparations.
Chronic rhinitis is treated with astringent or cauterizing tools. In hypertrophic form is required sclerosing therapy. The essence of the method is that in the hypertrophied tissue of the nose inyeccion glucose solution (40%), abyme not exceeding 10ml., isotonic solution of sodium chloride and glycerol in the amount of TPX or four injections once a week (not more often, especially when treated with a runny nose in a baby).
In allergic form used protivogistaminnye drugs that inhibit the release of blood histamine. This leads to the disappearance of Otonashi of the nasal mucosa and reduce the sensitivity of the organism to the stimulus.
In addition, using the membrane for local effects. They strengthen cell membranes, releasing histamine, which leads to the exception of its appearance in the blood. Along with this, glucocorticoids are used.
Vasoconstrictor drops stimulate mucus and normalize breathing.