Respiratory distress syndrome
called acute impairment of respiratory function, which is manifested as a result of varied exposure to light, wherein due to the lack of oxygen occurs swelling.
The disease may arise and progress due to various factors contributing to lung injury. Most often, respiratory distress syndrome may occur due to pneumonia, injuries of varying severity to the chest, poisoning by toxic substances, aspiration of water (or vomit), acute pancreatitis, disease of autoimmune origin, large-scale blood transfusion.
The disease contributes to the accumulation in the lung tissue of a significant number of platelets and leukocytes. In the result of disrupted lung and there is a lack of oxygen.
Vposledstvii respiratory distress syndrome provokes a significant change in the tissues of the lungs in which lung tissue is replaced by connective contributing to the development of pulmonary fibrosis.
In the first phase of development of respiratory distress syndrome, the patient has shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, and more frequent the pulse.
The next stage is characterized by the inclusion of additional breathing muscles, by retraction of the intercostal spaces and blow the nose.
Also, patients may experience pale skin, her bluish tint and spotting, heavy sweating, low blood pressure, wheezing in the lungs, which can be both dry and wet.
Often, the disease leads to severe complications, which may manifest as pleurisy, kidney failure, pneumonia, pneumothorax and other diseases.
Respiratory distress syndrome is treated only in-patient in a hospital under the supervision of a physician. In the first stage of treatment, the patient must saturate with oxygen by breathing oxygen-containing gas mixture.
Often in the treatment of hormonal medication, especially if the disease is accompanied by violation of immune processes. To eliminate phlegm prescribe the use of mucolytic agents (Ambroxol, Bromhexine), as well as vibrating massage.