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Psoriasis

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Treatment


Psoriasis

chronic disease non-infectious form that affects the skin. Is one of the main types of dermatosis, is with periodic exacerbations and remissions. Unfortunately, taking into account even the estimates with a large error, you can find that suffer from psoriasis for at least 4-8% of the population of the most prosperous regions. Often manifests psoriasis in children and young people 15-25 years, which can be explained by the process of puberty and hormonal formation of the body.

Psoriasis is often cause of psoriatic plaques of red and dry spots, slightly protruding above the skin. They are formed as areas of chronic inflammation with excessive proliferation of cells of the immune system lymphocytes, macrophages, and keratinocytes of the skin and excessive formation of small capillaries. Besides the skin, psoriasis often affects the nails, and 10-15% of psoriasis patients suffer joint damage caused by this disease.

The theory that psoriasis is purchased by infectious, completely disproved in our time. Basically, this disease often affects people with dry and sensitive skin, than oily and moisturize. The patient’s psoriasis often develops where found damage to the skin scratches, abrasions, cuts in places that are normally subject to contact with chemical detergents, friction.

Forms and classification of psoriasis

The course of psoriasis occurs in different forms with diverse clinical manifestations.

Forms of psoriasis are widely classified as pustulezny and pustular. To pustulezny psoriasis include common, simple and eritropoeticescoe psoriasis. To pustular generalized pustular palmoplantaris and Annularly psoriasis, chronic persistent psoriasis and acrodermatitis herpetiformis impetigo.

Also, there are additional forms of psoriasis

  • drug-induced
  • separarately psoriasis
  • psoriasis curved surfaces and folds of the skin
  • psoriasis Napkin.

There is a classification of psoriasis depending on severity. Lose 3% of the skin surface and less light psoriasis, 3-10% – medium, affected above 10% of the skin heavy. Thus, regardless of the severity of the disease, the joint damage of psoriasis klassificeret as severe.

The severity and activity of the flow of this disease is often estimated using the index of severity of psoriasis (PASI), which converts the value of estimating the area of psoriatic lesions and the severity of lesions in a visual linear scale.

Reasons

The hypothesis of psoriasis

Despite knowledge of the disease psoriasis, causes of its formation and development is still unknown, there are only hypotheses.

The first hypothesis suggests that psoriasis is a primary disease of the skin with disruption of the normal flow of the process of maturation in which there is increased proliferation of skin cells. The positive effect in the treatment of psoriasis medications that slow down the growing volume of keratinocytes, only confirms this hypothesis.

The second hypothesis is based on the fact that psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that triggers the activation of cells that protects the body from various infections. They create most of the chemical factors causing inflammation and active reproduction of keratinocytes. This hypothesis is confirmed by the fact that immunosuppressants increase the likelihood of reduction or disappearance of psoriatic lesions.

There are many genes that play a major role in the development of psoriasis or develop it themselves, but it is not known how they interact with each other in the development of the disease. In parallel with psoriasis appears the deterioration in regulation of the activity of the endocrine system and the rhythm of the allocation of melatonin helps insomnia, weakness and increased anxiety. Sometimes psoriasis occurs simultaneously with autoimmune thyroiditis and hypothyroidism.

A group of scientists made the assumption that sex hormones are also involved in the process of psoriasis, explaining that this disease is more prone to women, and it sometimes improves during pregnancy, with a further relapse.

Symptoms

Psoriasis of the importance of deterioration in the quality of life of patients is on a par with illnesses such as depression and heart failure. Also, psoriasis can cause depression, stress, social anxiety.

Simple psoriasis

In 80-90% of patients meet the ordinary, simple psoriasis. Symptoms of plaque psoriasis are often red nadkarny obrazovniya, covered with light silver skin, which easily peels off. The skin under this layer contains an excessive number of vessels, and in this regard may bleed. Such patches are called psoriatic plaques. Their size can be increased by connecting with neighboring plaques and plates forming plaques.

Psoriasis flexor surfaces

Smooth red inflamed spots without peeling, which are located in skin folds without hitting other parts of the skin or with slight defeat. Most vulnerable to this form of psoriasis folds in the groin, armpits and skin folds under the Breasts of women and under the belly for obesity. Often, the friction of the skin, its injury leads to complications, secondary fungal infection and affects the course of psoriasis. Skin, with the presence of her many small, dry growths of a red or violet color in the form of drops or small dots, is a symptom of guttate psoriasis. These small formations generally afflict a large area of the skin, mainly the thighs. They also usapayday shoulders, forearms, form psoriasis of the scalp, back, neck, psoriasis on the face. Often develop this type of psoriasis triggered by infection strep throat or pharyngitis.

Pustular or exudative psoriasis

It manifests itself with blisters with transparent liquid inside and redness of skin with inflammation around them. Pustular psoriasis is localized to the affected area, most often the lower legs and forearms. If the pathology is severe, pustular psoriasis is extensive spreading pustules all over the body, and they merge into each other.

Nail psoriasis

Causes changes the color of the nails and nail bed, reducing the density of nails, making them brittle, cause the appearance of spots, spots on the nails and under them. The skin under the nails and around them thickens.

Arthropathic psoriasis

Psoriasis, symptoms of which are inflammation of the joints and connective tissue, mainly affects the small joints of distal phalanges of feet and hands – artropaticheskom. This leads to swelling of fingers, in other words to the psoriatic dactylitis. This form of psoriasis can also affect the hip, knee joints, joints of the vertebrae.

Sometimes the arthritis deprives the patient of the ability to move on their own, sometimes tie him to his bed with severe disabilities. The probability of a fatal outcome of these severe forms is higher, because obezbijede bedrest the occurrence of bedsores and pneumonia. Psoriatic arthritis affects about 10-15% of patients.

Erythrodermic psoriasis

Develops peeling of the skin on the head, a large part of the skin or the entire skin, accompanied by itching, swallowed and skin soreness. Often this type of psoriasis is formed with a sharp rejection of the systemic treatment. Alcohol, stress and colds also can trigger erythrodermic psoriasis. This form of the disease can not be excluded fatal, since too inflamed skin reduces the body’s ability to regulate the temperature of the body.

Treatment

Psoriasis treatment takes place in a systematic way. In the initial stage is assigned to local treatment with creams, ointments, drugs with keratolytic substances. To achieve high efficiency, is used in phototherapy, in collaboration with the photochemotherapy. For long-term use of one type of treatment, the psoriasis may acquire resistance to it, so you should periodically combine different methods.

Recommend you read other articles on the topic of Psoriasis


Psoriasis is a chronic disease, therefore, requires constant care. Among the non-hormonal ointments for psoriasis well-proven salicylic ointment. In its composition it contains salicylic acid, which has healing properties. Due to the high effectiveness salicylic ointment in psoriasis has only positive feedback from patients.


Guttate psoriasis a form of psoriasis, which is characterized by a fluctuating course and the occurrence of lesions in different sites of the body. Teardrop inflammation occur in any area of the body and at different ages. Most often, the guttate form of psoriasis is seen in people aged 16 to 27 years. The size of the formations may be different from the small spots of small size, to spots of large diameter up to 10 cm.


American doctor John Pagano first drew attention to the relationship between diet and psoriasis. Based on the ideas of American doctor Edgar Cayce, he has developed a treatment programme for patients with psoriasis without the use of drugs. According to the theory Pagano to maintain health in psoriasis is necessary to maintain the balance of the 3 components of a good diet, positive mood and cleansing of harmful substances. Skin diseases talking about the internal failure of the body, so you need a proper diet.


Psoriasis is a chronic disease, therefore, requires constant care. Among the non-hormonal ointments for psoriasis well-proven salicylic ointment. In its composition it contains salicylic acid, which has healing properties. Due to the high effectiveness salicylic ointment in psoriasis has only positive feedback from patients.


Guttate psoriasis a form of psoriasis, which is characterized by a fluctuating course and the occurrence of lesions in different sites of the body. Teardrop inflammation occur in any area of the body and at different ages. Most often, the guttate form of psoriasis is seen in people aged 16 to 27 years. The size of the formations may be different from the small spots of small size, to spots of large diameter up to 10 cm.


American doctor John Pagano first drew attention to the relationship between diet and psoriasis. Based on the ideas of American doctor Edgar Cayce, he has developed a treatment programme for patients with psoriasis without the use of drugs. According to the theory Pagano to maintain health in psoriasis is necessary to maintain the balance of the 3 components of a good diet, positive mood and cleansing of harmful substances. Skin diseases talking about the internal failure of the body, so you need a proper diet.