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Preeclampsia

  1. Symptoms
  2. Reasons
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


Preeclampsia

this complication of pregnancy. Symptoms of preeclampsia occur in the third trimester of pregnancy. The disease usually begins to manifest itself at 1620 weeks and is characterized by disorder of the functions of the cardiovascular and urinary systems. Preeclampsia can easily be formed in healthy pregnant women and women who had comorbidities before pregnancy. Therefore it is necessary to mention the danger of disease for the mother and for her child.


Symptoms

Signs of preeclampsia

  • serious weight gain
  • protein in the urine
  • bleeding from the genital tract
  • high blood pressure, which is higher than 13585 mm Hg. article
  • swelling localized in the area of the neck and face, feet, legs, hands
  • possible excessive thirst, headaches and vomiting
  • disturbed vision, memory
  • sluggish, insomnia
  • sometimes a person loses consciousness, convulsions occur.

It is important to know that the preeclampsia has some stage of the disease

  • preclinical stage in which a woman does not have any symptoms
  • preeclampsia, which is revealed by swelling, presence of protein in urine and high blood pressure
  • preeclampsia (stage before eclampsia), constitutes the formation of the disorders of important organs
  • eclampsia disrupts the function of vital organs with lesions of the Central nervous system, is reflected by a loss of consciousness and convulsions, visual disturbances etc.

Types

Distinguish some forms of preeclampsia. Is pure preeclampsia (without concomitant diseases) that occurs in 2030 % of cases. Another type of combined preeclampsia, which occurs in hypertension, kidney disease or disease of the endocrine system.


Reasons

The reasons can be thyroid disease, adrenal, pancreas, cardiovascular disease or obesity, and heredity, when close relatives had preeclampsia during pregnancy. Another reason of disease of the reproductive system, kidneys, diabetes. Preeclampsia in pregnant women is caused by stressful situations. Multiple pregnancy or a large fetus, age younger than 18 and older than 35 years also causes of the disease.


Diagnosis

For diagnosis the analysis of complaints and history of disease and life. Also need family history. Preeclampsia is diagnosed by the analysis of the obstetric-gynecologic anamnesis, General examination, urine and blood when determining blood pressure and the ratio of allocated and consumed the liquid. The consultation of an ophthalmologist by examination of the fundus, ultrasonography of the fetus and internal organs, given the study of blood flow in the system mother-placenta-fetus fetus.


Treatment

Defining and putting a diagnosis of preeclampsia, the treatment is performed under strict rest for the patient is a pregnant and protein plant based diet with restriction of salt intake. Also prescribe medicines to restore the functions of vital organs. Recommended drugs that reduce blood pressure and improve blood flow, and diuretics. Is normalization of functions of the Central nervous system by means of sedative drugs.

Timely and correct delivery well affect a cure from this disease. If preeclampsia is treatable, gynecologists do not conduct early childbirth, but if gestosis is not cured and the condition of the pregnant woman deteriorates, doctors prescribe emergency delivery via cesarean section.

On the rehabilitation of women who have had preeclampsia she produced during the year and priemlet exercises, diet, trips to the gynecologist and the therapist each month, therapy is carried out depending on the symptoms. It is aimed at the normalization of vascular tone, renal function and condition of the Central nervous system, to stabilize the blood pressure. Mandatory contraception for 3 years and shown a vitamin-mineral complexes.


Complications

The effects of preeclampsia and complications after the occurrence of such a terrible disease it might lead to fetal growth retardation due to the development of pronounced changes in the placenta, untimely childbirth as described above, fetal death, premature detachment of normally situated placenta, the development of edema, increased blood pressure and protein in the urine. The disease can lead to heart and kidney failure, bleeding in the intestines, adrenal glands or the pancreas, spleen, possible pulmonary edema.

If the preeclampsia early detected late and not made the right treatment, the disease may go into late preeclampsia, the extreme degree of its development, as eclampsia, which can lead to death.


Prevention

Prevention of preeclampsia is a pregnancy planning and proper preparations in advance to identify and treat chronic and gynecological diseases before pregnancy. You should also regularly measure blood pressure, if not normal, to stabilize it, a urine sample, in order to determine the amount of protein in the urine. We recommend regular visits to a pregnant obstetrician-gynecologist. It is time to become on the account in female consultation.

Exception of salt, fat, smoked and canned food, the presence in the diet of fresh vegetables, fruits and greenery is a good prevention of any diseases.

For the prevention of preeclampsia should also conduct exercises, often spending time in the fresh air, to exclude heavy physical and emotional load. Be sure to sleep at least 9 hours a day. These actions will reduce the possibility of disease of preeclampsia, by the way, are also useful in herbal medicine.

You should pay attention that the child in the womb needs the protein, which is essential to creating cells of the body. Therefore, the basis of the diet of the expectant mother should be protein foods low-fat varieties meat, fish, cheese and eggs.