The majority of them
is the disease characterized by softening of bone tissue due to a weak saturation with minerals, vitamin D deficiency, disorders associated with deficiency of micronutrients that are associated with kidney failure (high filtering) or poor intestinal absorption. This disease is called adult rickets.
The appearance of osteomalacia the amount of bone substance becomes larger, and its mineralization is reduced. The main cause of the disease is an acute shortage in the human body vitamin D, phosphorus and calcium salts.
Often, increasingly affects women, with a completely different age. Osteomalacia can develop during pregnancy, accompanied by pain in the pelvic area and region adjacent bones.
The disease can occur because of the long treatment of kidney disease in which the body’s calcium is excreted in large quantities or reduced bone mineralization.
Adult rickets (osteomalacia) rickets klassificeret on arising in puberty, osteomalacia menopausal and senile period.
A feature of this disease is that it can be almost without any symptoms or pain in the lower back, spine, and sometimes the chest. Sometimes osteomalacia entails varying severity fractures.
The disease at an early stage externally has no effect. Later stages are characterized by a small curvature of the legs, which is clearly manifested in serried my knees (and feet).
For osteomalacia menopausal group peculiar shortening of the body, for senile lesions of the spine (difficult to walk up the stairs, the person can move only with small steps).
For the treatment should time to diagnosis. The mainstay of treatment is good nutrition and regular consumption of vitamin D. While prescribers containing calcium and phosphorus.
When the disease a good result will give medical gymnastics and massage, as well as ultraviolet irradiation.
At the advanced degree of osteomalacia can be used surgery and during pregnancy are required to appoint a caesarean section and transfer the child to artificial feeding during lactation.