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Munchausen Syndrome

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment

Munchausen Syndrome

this is malingering, in which people exaggerate or artificially simulate calls from any symptoms of illness to draw attention to themselves and undergo treatment, surgery, hospitalization. People who are diagnosed with Munchausen syndrome may harm themselves for the sake of imitation from the disease can be faked to agree on a very risky mission to deceive relatives and doctors in order to get attention, sympathy and compassion.

This syndrome is not a simulation of illness for the sake of any practical benefits (sick leave, insurance, win in court). This disease is also not to be confused with hypochondria, in which patients believe that is really sick. Patients with Munchausen’s well aware that’s not sick, but they really want to get sick, or to make everyone around believe it.

Munchausen syndrome is intractable, poorly understood and very difficult disease. But, nevertheless, adequate to good medical care can prevent serious harm people are causing themselves in the course of the simulation.


The psychology of Munchausen syndrome are unknown. Maybe the reason lies in the personal experience of a man who when a child suffered a kind of severe disease, thereby attracting the attention of relatives to him. Maybe the patient has someone close to you was seriously ill, and he got all the care and attention of others. It argued that the syndrome associated with a history of childhood abuse or mental injury.

There are factors that can increase the risk of developing the syndrome

  • suffering a mental trauma in early childhood
  • violence
  • very serious illness that was experienced in childhood
  • the presence of a loved one, suffering from a serious illness
  • the loss of a loved one through death
  • a low sense of self esteem and identity
  • unrealized dream of becoming a nurse or doctor
  • personality disorder.

It’s amazing the fact that in patients dominate men. The syndrome is more common among persons of middle and young age. This syndrome, though considered a rare disease, but still no one knows at what point the patient skillfully feigns illness, while bewilders concerned doctors.

In the event of failure to avoid ridicule and publicity, some people use other people’s names. Some, for example, regularly visit various clinics to get attention from each doctor, but do not give them time to solve the simulation. The rest is so much insight that it is impossible to crack such people get unnecessary surgeries and, along with that prolonged hospitalization.

Sometimes patients constantly feign the same disease, with time, honing their ability to mimic the symptoms, however, they read literature on the disease.

Delegated Munchausen syndrome is a more terrible form of this syndrome in which a person causes harm to your family, to those ill, and the patient in turn receives compassion and sympathy for what his close is very ill. Such patients are able to slack off and prostojat their children just to get more attention from doctors and friends.


Symptoms of Munchausen syndrome are expressed in the following

  • very often unnecessary hospitalization
  • the sharp deterioration of health for no apparent reason
  • ambiguous or uncertain symptoms
  • quite often treatment in different hospitals and to different doctors
  • stories about their problems filled with drama
  • passionate willingness to undergo risky operations and tests
  • very good awareness of the disease and medical terminology
  • the request to give pain relievers or other medications
  • unwillingness to specialists talked to family and friends
  • wrangling with the hospital staff.


That man was put Munchausen by proxy, a psychiatric Association recommends the following criteria

  • intentional inducing or faking illness
  • great desire, that all associates saw the man very sick
  • the complete absence of any practical interest (legal or financial).


Treatment of Munchausen’s difficult enough, as there are no approved standards for treatment of this disease. Patients with this syndrome love to be sick that is why they usually do not wish to be treated by the therapist.

But, nevertheless, when professional soft approach, the patient may agree to treatment by a psychiatrist. Such treatment generally includes family therapy and counseling. Medicines prescribed for concomitant psychiatric diseases. In severe cases, a patient needs hospitalization, as it can harm yourself and others.