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Molluscum contagiosum

  1. Symptoms
  2. Reasons
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


Molluscum contagiosum

refers to viral diseases. Most often it affects children under the age of 10 years. But to call the disease purely children’s impossible, because the catch can and adults with weakened immune systems. The virus settles in the skin cell, where it multiplies and fills it completely. The virus is transmitted from person-to-person sexual contact, by contact-household (bed linen, shared towels, washcloths), through the water in the swimming pool, baths. The incubation period can be as short (two weeks) and longer (up to 7 months). To get rid of the virus is not easy he is able to recur with a weakened immune system.


Symptoms

Symptoms are papules nodules on the skin. At first they are quite solid, have a domed shape, over time, soften. Themselves the papules are flesh-colored, inside them, the core of white waxy substance.

Settled molluscum contagiosum on the face, torso, limbs. In adults it can be concentrated around the genitals, inner thighs and abdomen. The rash is painless but sometimes itchy. The size of the formations 25 mm in diameter. In the center they have a small dimple.

Usually the rash will disappear in a few months or years. But in people with weakened immune systems or patients with AIDS can stay visible damage.


Reasons

The disease is common everywhere in the world. It causes DNA virus of the subtype Molluscipoxivirus family Proxivirus.

There are four types of the virus, the pathogen of which are marked index MCV (1-4). The most common virus type MCV-1. Adults most often affects the second type of the pathogen.

Form

Klassificeret three forms of the disease

  • typical
  • generalized
  • complicated.

Typical molluscum contagiosum in adults

,

as children, manifested in the formation of nodules only in one area.

In generalized form affects several areas.

Complicated form occurs most often in HIV virus is accompanied by a bacterial infection.

The virus does not affect the course of pregnancy. If necessary, the treatment can begin after the end of the breastfeeding period.

Diagnosis

If the doctor has doubts concerning the nature of the origin of pimples, is assigned to histological examination for the presence of clam cells in the cytoplasm of epidermal cells. Also the investigation of the substance, separated from the bundle. To confirm the diagnosis in selected material detect dead cells of the skin and clam the same calf.

Despite the fact that in many cases, the disease is not particularly concerned about the patient, and the lesions eventually disappear, see a doctor anyway. The specialist will deliver an accurate diagnosis. Otherwise, you can skip the beginning of such dangerous diseases, both benign and malignant skin tumors. Correctly prescribed treatment will allow to avoid unpleasant consequences, in particular, administering unnecessary medications that can harm the body. Besides, you have established the cause of weakened immunity.

Treatment

Treatment, removal of molluscum contagiosum is carried out only after a visit to the dermatologist.

If diagnosed with molluscum, the treatment is carried out by several methods.

Nodules are extruded using a special spoon, pre-treating the skin with anesthetic and after the procedure, 5% iodine solution. Also from the papules rid of by burning with liquid nitrogen. Quite effective method is laser removal of molluscum contagiosum.

In generalized form of the disease, patient is prescribed anti-viral drugs. If the virus is accompanied by infection, you need antibiotics. Molluscum contagiosum in children, reproduction of which is accompanied by itching, treat, and antihistamines.

As mentioned above, in many cases treatment is not required is only an extra burden on the body. However, a permanent control of the dermatologist is still necessary.


Prevention

Prevention for this skin disease are quite simple.

The basic recommendation is to observe personal hygiene and hygiene of housing. In schools and kindergartens, which are characterized by large crowds and close contact, you should regularly inspect the skin of children for the presence of virus. The child with the affected skin isolated from other children to prevent further spread of the disease.

Important measure for preventing the immune system. It implies maintaining a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition. In many cases, patients are prescribed the intake of vitamin preparations and immunomodulators.

Adult patients at the time of treatment should refrain from sexual activity to avoid infecting partner. Back to her possible only after full recovery.