- Causes of melioidosis
- The prevalence of melioidosis
- Symptoms of melioidosis
- Diagnosis and treatment of melioidosis
called an acute infectious disease that occurs in severe sepsis with the formation of abscesses in various organs. Also this disease can occur in the form of relatively benign pulmonary form. Melodos also has other names disease Whitmore, about SAP.
Causes of melioidosis
The causative agent is the bacterium Pseudomonas Whitmore pseiidomallei. It survives in a moist environment for up to 30 days, in the rotting materials about 24 days, and in the water a month or more.
Sources of infection can be different animals pigs, rats, mice, horses, sheep, cats, dogs, kangaroos. The main mechanism of transmission is about Sapa contact. Rarely, cases of human infection of alimentary, aspiration, communicable way. Susceptibility to disease is low. The disease agent penetrates into the human body through broken skin or through mucous membranes of the alimentary canal.
The prevalence of melioidosis
Disease melodos most often found in Northern Australia and South-East Asia. Outbreaks of diseases recorded in South Pacific, India, Africa and the middle East. In the United States each year fixed 5 cases melioidosis.
Symptoms of melioidosis
The incubation period usually lasts 2-4 days. There are 4 main clinical forms of recurrent septic pulmonary melioidosis latent.
The septic form is characterized by melioidosis
- the appearance of inflammatory infiltrate
- the development of regional lymphadenitis
- the increase in body temperature
- high fever
- a sharp headache
- shortness of breath.
The pulmonary form of melioidosis starts suddenly and its main symptoms are fever cough with purulent sputum, weakness, chest pain fever, chills.
Diagnosis and treatment of melioidosis
For the diagnosis of melioidosis are bacteriological and serological studies and applied biological sample. Regardless of the form of the infection used to treat active and prolonged antibiotic therapy. The most effective is treatment with the use of chloramphenicol. The treatment of severe melioidosis, as a rule, is carried out in the regime of intensive antishock therapy. During the chronic septic forms as well as in lung and local forms about Sapa is the surgical lancing of abscesses and draining. Without treatment, melodos poses a direct threat to life, therefore this disease cannot be deferred.
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