1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading...

Measles

  1. Causes measles
  2. Symptoms of measles
  3. Treatment of measles
  4. Prevention of measles


Measles

this is quickly borne viral disease that occurs most often in children aged 2 to 5 years, sometimes in the adult. Measles often affects children who are not vaccinated and visited the clinic, as the disease is instantly transmitted. Adults and adolescents without a history and not vaccinated against measles can become infected in this way.

The disease remains one of the main causes of death of young children around the world, although an effective vaccine exists. In 1980 the virus of measles killed 2.6 million people, as the vaccine was not yet widespread. In 2013, the disease has claimed the lives of 145 700 people, most of whom were children under the age of five years.

Measles is dangerous because it can cause the death of a child at an early age, despite effective and affordable vaccine. Unvaccinated kids are at higher risk of disease and complications, in some cases, may die. Unvaccinated pregnant women are at high risk. Measles can get sick every person who has not been vaccinated or one who has not developed immunity after vaccination. Measles in adults is more difficult, has side effects such as

and bacterial contamination. People diagnosed with immunocytic the disease runs hard and often ends with the death of a person.

Simple form measles can lead to death, although this disease can cause complications. Most often, the measles can cause diseases such as

  • inflammation of cervical lymph nodes
  • bronchopneumonia
  • bacterial

    primary and secondary

  • lesions of the nervous system
  • in rare cases

    .

Causes measles

Causes of measles associated with a RNA virus, of the genus morbillivirus, of the family paramyxoviridae. Its shape is spherical, diameter of not more than 230 nm. The virus consists of an RNA helix, 3 proteins and the outer shell, consisting of matrix proteins.

The structure of the virus similar to the viruses of parainfluenza and

. The virus is unstable to the influence of environmental factors and is killed by boiling, irradiation, disinfection. The pathogen remains active at room temperature for two days, in temperatures well below zero dies in a few weeks. At temperatures below 15 degrees the virus survives well and remains.

Measles can be transmitted from the patient to the virus since the onset of symptoms to 5 days from the beginning of rashes on the skin. If a person is infected, it may take a week or two weeks before the measles begin to appear.

Measles is an infection that is transmitted by airborne droplets. It is in the human body through the mucous membranes of eyes and upper respiratory tract of the patient, circulates it in communication, breathing, sneezing and coughing.

RNA virus highly volatile he can get into a nearby building through the air to the other floors through the Windows, ventilation, keyhole. People quickly become infected, if it is in the same house with the virus. The measles virus is easily destroyed under the influence of the external environment, so it doesn’t spread through objects the patient, as well as through individuals who had contact with an infected person. The room where he lay ill with measles, you can just air out to be safe, to disinfect there is no need.

Symptoms of measles

Symptoms of measles expressed quite acute. There is a severe headache, weakness, increased body temperature to 40 degrees, loss of appetite. Then there is the cold, dry and severe cough or barking, as during laryngitis. The throat becomes red, swells, increased lymph nodes, inflamed mucous membrane of the eye. Occurs redness of the eyes, tearing, fear of light, and then the accumulation of pus. On the second or third day from the onset of the disease on NBE pink pour point of education, and on the buccal mucosa, gums and lips appear small whitish spots. These formations arise through lesions on the body.

The characteristic feature of measles is the rash. After one or two days, it occurs on the scalp, face and ears. The next day she appears on the body, then the arms and legs. Measles rash appears as small reddish spots and vesicles, which can coalesce to form larger spots. During the eruption the child feels very bad fever, cough and runny nose stronger,

more pronounced. The child has lost appetite, he is weak, doesn’t sleep well. May occur high fever. The patient may experience bronchitis, which occurs with a low heartbeat and low blood pressure.

If measles did not give complications, on the fourth day from the beginning rash the patient gets better. The rash disappears, or it may change in pigmentation, and areas of flaky skin. The rash disappears in reverse order. The temperature of the child becomes normal, the cough and inflammation of the eye disappear, he gradually recovers.

Treatment of measles

A simple form of measles treated at home under the supervision of a physician. If the disease runs hard and gives complications, treatment of measles is carried out in the hospital. Particular drug the disease is not, appointed complex therapy.

Treatment is aimed at dealing with symptoms of measles and enhance immunity

  • increased dose of vitamins A and C
  • funds from the temperature on the basis of ibuprofen or paracetamol
  • tablets or medicines for cough, gargling decoction of chamomile or soda
  • antihistamines
  • drops in the nose from a cold
  • ointments and drops from inflammation of the eye
  • antibiotics may be administered if you experience a secondary infection or the development of side diseases.

In the room where the patient lies, you need to do every day wet cleaning. Often to ventilate, so the virus was gone. The curtains should be drawn, as in measles there is a fear of light. Bed linen and pajamas the child must often change. The patient must often give clean water, fruit drinks, fruit drinks. Food should be light, gentle. You can give the child milk products, vegetable soups, fruit and vegetable purees, cooked ground meat (veal, chicken, Turkey).

After the disease the child for some time still very weak, there is poor health, moodiness, fatigue. The immune system is weakened and two months the child susceptible to any infection. Try less contact with sick people, reduce load stress, avoid hypothermia. Food must be full and nutritious, the baby needs to take vitamins that are prescribed by the attending physician.

Prevention of measles

People who recover from measles, and retains a resistance to this infection for life. Relapses are quite rare. Children up to six months, both a feeding of breast milk, can of measles is very rare.

The primary measure for the prevention of measles is vaccination.

need to do children under the age of one year, a booster vaccination in 6 years. Measles vaccination is necessary to conduct not previously vaccinated and without a history of this virus in adolescents 15-17 years and adults up to 35 years. With the proper observance of vaccination immunity to disease is produced in almost all cases in children in the second year of life after vaccination. Resistance to measles persists for 25 years, and only in some cases may disappear with time.

Measles vaccination can have side effects are quite rare. The majority of children measles vaccination does not give any complications, only about 10% of cases grafting can manifest in the form of elevated temperature, runny nose and cough, slight rashes on the skin. If a man is

vsypaya may occur in the first hours after the vaccine. On the second or third day adverse reactions to the vaccine are disappearing. The child is not contagious and cannot transmit the infection to other people.

The child with high allergies can occur rash,

,

in rare cases, complications arise in the form of anaphylactic shock on protein chicken. In some children fever may be accompanied by convulsions. To avoid side effects, child needs to give paracetamol on the fifth day after vaccination against measles.

Anyone who had contact with sick with measles, but had not been sick and have not been vaccinated against the disease, it is possible to provide passive immunization. Enter the immunoglobulin during the first days after contact with the patient, which protects against the disease or provides it mild. Prevention of measles is carried out in preschool institutions in the form of quarantine, which is set for nebolisa virus and unvaccinated children for 17 days from the start of contacting.

Measles vaccination is extremely necessary for expectant mothers. Vaccination against measles should be carried out to women who do not have immunity to the disease, a month before the child’s conception, her conduct during pregnancy is strictly prohibited. If a pregnant woman is sick with measles may have a miscarriage or premature birth. The child is born with small weight, in some cases, there may be defects in the development. If a pregnant woman not previously vaccinated from the measles virus had contact with the sick person, in the first days after contact it is possible to conduct passive immunization with immunoglobulin.

Recommend you read other articles on the topic of Measles


According to the Ministry of health, from the beginning of 2017 ill with measles about 1 700 people. Compared to the previous year, the incidence has increased 100-fold! According to experts this is just the beginning of the epidemic! How dangerous this virus infection, why you should not neglect vaccinations and tighten with a visit to the doctor at the appearance of a pink rash in baby or adult, says the doctor of the highest category, the doctor of the clinic Doctor Sam Natalia Gurkina


Measles is an acute viral infectious disease characterized by fever and intoxication. Disease inflamed mucous membranes of the oral cavity and mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, occurs conjunctivitis and skin break out in a rash. Susceptibility to measles is very high.


According to the Ministry of health, from the beginning of 2017 ill with measles about 1 700 people. Compared to the previous year, the incidence has increased 100-fold! According to experts this is just the beginning of the epidemic! How dangerous this virus infection, why you should not neglect vaccinations and tighten with a visit to the doctor at the appearance of a pink rash in baby or adult, says the doctor of the highest category, the doctor of the clinic Doctor Sam Natalia Gurkina


Measles is an acute viral infectious disease characterized by fever and intoxication. Disease inflamed mucous membranes of the oral cavity and mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, occurs conjunctivitis and skin break out in a rash. Susceptibility to measles is very high.