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Lymphadenitis


Lymphadenitis

the inflammatory process that affects the lymph nodes. The name of these nodes is derived from the name of the system within which they are located lymphatic. In fact the lymph nodes are organs of the peripheral type, which contains important to protect the body’s cells. This type of cells is in direct connection with the circulatory system of the body. Lymph nodes can be represented as a kind of filters that prevent the spread throughout the body harmful substances

The main reason for the development of inflammatory processes in the lymph nodes is considered penetration into the organism of a healthy human pathogens. The spread of bacteria and viruses occurs by proliferation of blood and lymph through the body. The beginning of the inflammatory process is due to the sedimentation of microorganisms on the nodes of the lymphatic system. In other words, the cause of lymphadenitis is the development of other infectious diseases.

In some cases, the concept of lymphadenitis and lymphadenopathy can be confused because of their similar sound. However, the disease is exclusively lymphadenitis. The second concept involves the diagnosis of a preliminary nature, meaning inflammation of a General nature arising in the field of lymph nodes that need to be clarified. The diagnosis of lymphadenitis is only by completing a detailed examination and taking the required tests.

Main causes and classification of lymphadenitis, the symptoms of lymphadenitis

Most often, the development of lymphadenitis is due to the development of other diseases. In most cases, the inflammatory process in the area of lymph nodes occurs due to infectious disease processes are acute or chronic, for example, boils, fistulas, ulcers, ulcers. Common diseases of an infectious nature become a cause of lymphadenitis is much less common.

In the case of lymph node infection is the inflammation of the node, which is accompanied by an increase in body in size. The reason for the increase is considered to be responsible for the accumulation of inflammation cells in the site of penetration of pathogenic microorganism. Inflammation can be both single and multiple nodes located nearby. In case of regional lymph node of a patient diagnosed with regional lymphadenitis.

Based on the localization of the occurrence of inflammatory processes, there are the following types of the disease


Lymphadenitis, cervical,

manifested in the form of increased and inflammation of the lymph nodes of the cervical region. Other symptoms headache, fever, and pain with pressure on the lymph nodes. With cervical lymphadenitis occurring as acute lymphadenitis, observed the occurrence of suppuration in the inflamed area, the disease is accompanied by disrupted sleep, lost appetite, headaches, swelling of the neck strongly.

Submandibular lymphadenitis.

The initial manifestation of this form of the disease pain that occurs when pressure is applied under the jaw or behind the ear. Later lymphadenitis submandibular form is manifested by edema of the submandibular region, the formation of suppuration, provoking a change in skin color from normal to red. At the output of the purulent masses observed bluish discoloration of the skin. Also one of the symptoms of lymphadenitis is considered a fever.


Inguinal lymphadenitis

is determined by the processes of consolidation and lymph node enlargement in the groin. With the development of the disease to the symptomatic picture of the increase the increase in body temperature, feeling of pain during pressure in the lower abdomen. In the absence of adequate timely treatment of inflammation can reach the nearest lymph nodes. In highly advanced forms of inflammation affects all the lymph nodes of the body.


Axillary lymphadenitis

the symptomatic picture of the disease does not differ from other types of lymphadenitis. The underarm lymph nodes increase in size, when pressed, there are painful sensations, body temperature tend to increase. In the case of the development of purulent forms of the disease, the inflammation goes on the rest of the lymph nodes, spreading the infection throughout the body.


Lymphadenitis in children

develops in the submandibular form, adults can expose children to a lymphadenitis of any of the following types.

Depending on the duration, lymphadenitis is divided into acute and chronic. The acute form is characterized by a gradual buildup of the symptomatic picture that is prone to gradual decay in the provision of proper treatment.

The chronic form of the disease characterized by the flow, which lasts up to several years. In most cases the development of chronic lymphadenitis consists in the direct connection with other diseases of a chronic nature of the flow, which manifests itself periodically.

The causative agents of infection leading to lymphadenitis, provide the opportunity to distinguish specific and nonspecific forms of the disease. Nonspecific lymphadenitis develops due to the influence of pyogenic bacteria, for example staphylococci, or toxins, which are allocated to these bacteria. The process of disintegration of the tissues at the site of lesion purulent process can cause the appearance of the disease. A specific form develops in the case of syphilis, tuberculosis and other diseases.

Purulent form of any of the types of lymphadenitis are dangerous because inflammatory processes are switching to fiber in the area of the infected host, which leads to swelling, reddening of the tissues and the emergence of accumulations of purulent masses in the node. With the development of purulent forms of inflammation do not develop outside of the lymph node.

The basic methods used in the treatment of lymphadenitis

In any case, before the adoption of the treatment measures will need to undergo a consultation by contacting a specialist. Postponing consultations with thoughts about the possibility of self-elimination of the inflammatory process leads to the development of complications and worsening of the patient’s condition, increasing the likelihood of development of purulent forms of the disease.

The beginning of the inflammatory process in the lymph nodes of the cervical region after transferring the flu, sore throats and colds don’t require medical treatment. Some may prescription drugs, anti-inflammatory action against the doctor involved in the treatment of lymphadenitis. However, without much needed medications are not appointed, since in most cases lymphadenopathy passes without medical intervention.

In case of purulent masses in the region affected by the inflammatory process, the treatment process becomes medical in nature. The attending physician assigns a group of antibiotics that will be most effective when some form of suppurative lymphadenitis.

Acceleration of the healing process of the disease is possible through the use of physiotherapy. Treatment at home involves the use of ointments, which are anti-inflammatory, complexes of vitamins and medicines, which has a large content of vitamin C, the need for which increases with the development of the inflammatory process.

Recommendations for lymphadenitis include a large consumption of fluid by the patient, avoidance of hypothermia and being in a warm atmosphere. In some cases, the ineffectiveness of the treatment applied surgical steps that result in the excretion of purulent masses from the body of the patient through the opening resulting suppuration.

Treatment submandibular form of the disease involves the localized application of fluid Burov, heated with the use of Solux, the application of warm lotions. Infectious processes in this form of lymphadenitis is suppressed by application of penicillin. In case of suppuration, the removal of purulent mass is carried out by warming the purulent phase, eliminating the hotbed of infectious processes of nature. In case of purulent lesions of multiple nodes of the lymphatic system, applied surgical method of removing purulent mass method of inserting drainage tubes in the area of the submandibular incision.

When pahovom lymphadenitis is primarily limited to physical stress on the body of the patient. Also prescribe a course of antibiotics having a widespread impact on the infected body. In case of purulent accumulations in the groin area apply surgical measures, including the processes of drainage and dissection of the hearth accumulation of pus. Inguinal lymphadenitis is treated, regardless of gender.

In the case of axillary lymphadenitis forms of initially is the removal of infection by antibiotics. Until full recovery of the patient apply physical therapy, special exercises that strengthen overall health. It is also possible to use cold compresses. Purulent masses are removed surgically.

Also lymphadenitis can be cured by methods and techniques of traditional medicine, but before this step it is necessary to consult a specialist.