. This disease bears a contagious nature, is caused by spirochetes and transmitted by ticks in the future. May have relapsing or chronic course and is characterized by lesions of the skin, musculoskeletal system, nervous system, heart. The characteristic time for its manifestation the summer. It is not against vaccines have been developed, so it can be in some cases quite dangerous. Often referred to as the invisible disease, so as to see whether it is infected people, only the characteristic symptoms (pathognomic skin rash).
Lyme disease occurs in humans through a bite from an infected tick. Thus, borrelii, located in the tick saliva enter the skin and begin to rapidly multiply. Through the skin and blood they fall and in other parts of the human body (the brain, joints, heart, etc.). They can be found in the body, developing a chronic or relapsing course of the disease. From some point of view, the development process for borreliosis may resemble the process of development of syphilis. The latent period of from 2 to 30 days, often two weeks.
The causative agent of Lyme disease are spirochetes of the genus Borrelia, which are closely related to ticks infected in turn, infection. The spread of the disease is extensive, is found on all continents except Antarctica. Infection of these pathogens have a wide range, which can vary in the range of 510 % or 7090 % depending on location. The man was bitten by a tick is not contagious. But for infected pregnant women the opinion is ambiguous because the development of the disease can lead to fetal death. Also borrelii can maintain its capacity and in the preservation of donor blood, so those who have suffered Lyme disease, it is not recommended to donate blood.
When the tick bite in 70 percent of cases symptoms are redness. The spot gradually increases and reaches about 10 inches in diameter, and sometimes 60 or more. On the site of the bite spot is formed in a straight or oval shape, while the edges are bright red, slightly raised above the skin. After a while the spot in the center adopts a pale color, and can be bluish tint. Where bitten by a tick, form a crust, and then the scar. The spot may heal in a few weeks. Sometimes there is chills, fever, aching body, headache etc. And only a month and a half, the manifest lesions of the nervous system, joints, heart, if not to carry out the necessary treatment. Joint pain becomes pronounced and may also be accompanied by swelling, weakness in the extremities, impaired motor functions.
A few weeks after the bite meet typical symptoms
- arrhythmia or other disturbances of the cardiovascular system.
Diagnosis of Lyme disease is based on studies blood. But before people on the nature, needs to conduct an independent examination and identify the emergence of a spot the tick bite. As the disease a long time may not manifest itself in the presence of any bite, you must perform timely diagnosis of Lyme disease.
The presence of characteristic symptoms of the disease should contact the clinic for appropriate treatment based on antibiotic therapy. Patients often too late to seek help, so long may still have symptoms from the joints and nervous system. In the General case, 1020 percent of patients record symptoms of weakness, muscle pain, disorders of thinking, but it all goes after the full course of treatment. The main treatment aimed at the destruction of Borrelia with antibiotics.
In the early period of the manifestation of the disease it is important to have standard therapy with antibiotics. In particular, children older than 8 years and adults should take doxycillin. Pregnant women, young children, women during lactation prescribe cefuroxime or amoxicillin. Antibiotics aimed at the restoration of the Central nervous system, but even after the course of treatment the symptoms do not soon pass this suggests that the pathogen is not yet fully removed from the body. When detection of mites is necessary for their immediate removal. Prevention of borreliosis is based on the use of specific repellents.
Without proper treatment, Lyme disease are the consequences of a different nature from easy to difficult (disability). Therefore, in order to prevent chronic and symptoms of the disease in the worst stages, it is necessary to take antibiotics. You should know that I have been ill with Lyme disease must be under medical supervision for about 2 years, during which are examined every six months.
Vaccines against Borrelia is not, therefore, important in the prevention is the fight against mites indirect or direct methods. In the foci of possible infection must use a special tick suits with elasticated cuffs and lightning clasps. You can also use a variety of deterrent means, operating in 34 hours, which protect the person for a while from insects.
There is specially designed clothing that protects from ticks during the day in the hearth of the presence of possible infectious ticks. But if there was a tick bite, then you need the next day to contact the clinic for study places for the presence of Borrelia. You can take tablets of doxycycline after the bite, about 5 days, twice a day (up to 12 years old children is contraindicated).