curvature of the spine that produces a bulge in the thoracic spine. Kyphosis congenital pathology is quite rare, mostly, this disease is mostly acquired in adolescence and childhood.
First of all, kyphosis is divided into types
- congenital kyphosis pathology of embryonic development, often accompanied by disorders of the genitourinary system and lower extremities
- post-traumatic consequence of a fracture of the thoracic or lumbar spine
- occurs with other degenerative diseases of the spine
- paralytic kyphosis may occur when such diseases affect the Central nervous system as polio or cerebral palsy
- postoperative develops after undergoing an unsuccessful operation on the spine, or failure to comply with the postoperative regime
- genotypic investigation of chromosomal abnormalities.
The disease also klassificeret the location
- kyphosis of the cervical
- kyphosis of the thoracic (Wernigerode, srednepozdnie, nijaguna)
- kyphosis thoracolumbar division
- kyphosis of the lumbar spine.
Distinguish between the degree of kyphosis
- 1 degree (physiological kyphosis) to 20 degrees of deformation
- 2155 2 degree of degree of deformation
- 3 degree 5690 degree of deformation
- 4 degree 91 degree of spinal deformity.
Primary identification of isolated
- infant kyphosis
- kyphosis of young children
- youthful kyphosis
- kyphosis adults.
The vast majority of cases, the kyphosis of the spine occurs because of incorrect posture. Reasons for the latter can be long sitting in the wrong and uncomfortable position because of the awkward, poorly lit workplace, myopia.
Due to the lack of moderate exercise, the back muscles are weak and cannot properly support the spine, the strain on the back has a detrimental effect on the musculoskeletal apparatus.
There are also psychological causes of kyphosis. Usually they occur in people, especially teenagers, tall or women with large Breasts.
With the development of kyphosis the main symptom will be pain in the interscapular region of the back. If kyphosis occurs without neurological deficit, then this process is almost asymptomatic.
If there is neurological deficit, early manifestations of kyphosis would be painful in the lower back, abdominal muscles, the chest, and in the later stages of the disease may be fixed hyperlordosis, low back pain, hernia in the lower back etc.
First of all, you need to properly diagnose kyphosis. Treatment should be administered based on the severity of the disease, rate of progression and age of the patient. For an accurate diagnosis and identifying comorbidities the necessary qualified advice of a neurologist, orthopedist, psychologist.
Specific treatment is used in congenital forms of the disease. Spine surgery is performed which is called back spondylosis. The treatment is carried out in two stages, the ventral and dorsal. These measures are aimed at stabilization of the spine, they can be used for children from 6 months of age.
If the correction of spinal deformities should be performed in adulthood, such task is much more complex and broken into several steps.
Thoracic kyphosis responds well to treatment and adjustment in the application of manual therapy, massages, wearing corsets and physical therapy. The exception is the postoperative appearance of the kyphosis, which can be corrected only by another surgical intervention.
The most effective and simple treatment for kyphosis is considered therapeutic exercises. It is recommended to perform the following exercises while kyphosis
- you need to lie on your stomach, on the shoulder put a gymnastic stick and held hands, then you throw back your head and bend to the spine, then return to the starting position
- put feet shoulder width apart, start the gymnastic stick back to touch her shoulder blades, then perform squats on the inhale, sit down, exhale return to the starting position
- lie on your stomach and put your hands to the shoulders, to rest on the forearms to throw back his head, lifting as high as you can chest, while making a deep breath, exhale return to the starting position
- stand on all fours, leaning on his knees and elbows bend as much as possible back, with the head raised up, and then return to the starting position
- the initial position of gymnastic stick behind his back, feet shoulder width apart. During deep inhalation raise the straight arms up, throwing the head back, then take the starting position.
To provide a visible effect of the therapeutic exercises you need to perform every day for several approaches.
In addition to therapeutic and preventive exercises a good effect of water exercises and swimming in the pool.
Widely used physiotherapy. They are effective with first and second stages of kyphosis. Such procedures include electrophoresis, electrical stimulation of the muscles, thermal procedures.
Among the alternative methods, you can highlight the acupuncture, the wearing of tight corset.
Periodic treatment can include a Spa treatment using therapeutic mud, radon and hydrogen sulfide baths. These specialized resorts on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula and on the territory of Central Asia (characterized by stable climate and low humidity).