Insufficiency of the tricuspid valve
is a dysphonia of the valve, which leads to a pathological reflux of blood during contraction of the muscles from the right ventricle into the right atrium. Leakage of blood through the valve provokes the increase of pressure in the right atrium, causing his hobby. This pressure is transmitted to the veins, which flow into the atrium, thereby creating resistance to blood flow from organs to the heart.
The causes of the disease
The main cause of tricuspid regurgitation are diseases which lead to dilatation of the right ventricle. Cause diseases can the primary lesion of the tricuspid valve apparatus.
In addition, to cause insufficiency of the tricuspid valve can
- heart disease associated with pulmonary hypertension
a prolapse of the tricuspid valve
- stenosis of the mitral orifice, resulting from pulmonary hypertension.
The prevalence of the disease
The tricuspid valve insufficiency is a complication of other heart defects, either acquired or congenital. This disease occurs in 33% of patients with rheumatic mitral heart defects.
The main symptoms of tricuspid regurgitation are irregular heartbeat fatigue weakness swelling of the feet heart failure pulsation in the cervical veins, a feeling of heaviness in the right hypochondrium increased abdominal volume (ascites).
Diagnosis and treatment of the disease
Diagnosis of failure is performed using electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography (EchoCG), and with the help of x-ray examination of the chest. Noise that causes a failure of the valve, can hear the doctor through the stethoscope.
Insufficiency of the tricuspid valve usually does not require treatment. But the treatment may require a lung disease or damage to the pulmonary valve, which provoke the failure of the tricuspid valve.
Abnormal heart rhythm or heart failure can be treated without surgery. But distinct forms tricuspid insufficiency can be eliminated only through surgery.
To surgical methods of treatment of tricuspid regurgitation include tricuspid prosthetic valve and annuloplasty (reconstruction of the fibrous ring of the tricuspid valve).
To obtain quality advice and effective treatment of tricuspid regurgitation you can make an appointment with a cardiologist through the service
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