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Gastro

  1. Classification of gastro
  2. The cause of gastroduodenitis
  3. Symptoms of gastroduodenitis
  4. Treatment of gastroduodenitis


Gastro

the disease is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the duodenum and pyloric region of the stomach. The most actively manifested the symptoms of gastroduodenitis, nausea, unpleasant taste in mouth, feeling of fullness of the stomach.

Symptoms gastro is very similar to gastritis patients reported the same loss of appetite, rumbling in the stomach, belching, frequent constipation or diarrhea.

Classification of gastro

Depending on the etiology, isolated

  • exogenous (primary) gastroduodenitis
  • endogenous (secondary) gastroduodenitis.

On the prevalence of distinguish common and localized gastroduodenitis. The level of acidity isolated gastroduodenitis with normal, increased or decreased secretion.

The cause of gastroduodenitis

The disease begins to develop for many reasons. To endogenous reasons for the development include increased acid production, reducing the amount of mucus formed, various violations of hormonal regulation of secretion. To develop gastroduodenitis also can because of endocrine pathology, diseases of the liver and biliary tract.

The exogenous etiological factors include physical (frequent use of overly hot or cold food, spicy food, pesticide vegetables). Also, the cause of the disease can be the ingestion of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

The development of gastroduodenitis

With constant exposure of the pathological factor on the mucosa of the duodenum and stomach is the development of the inflammatory response. This in turn leads to the violation of physiological regeneration of the mucous membrane, and its subsequent atrophy. Secretory and motor functions are impaired. As a rule, exacerbation of gastroduodenitis and have the symptoms of increased tone and motility of the stomach, dyskinesia of the duodenum.

Symptoms of gastroduodenitis

The first attack of gastroduodenitis starts unexpectedly. Dramatically (in most cases on an empty stomach) occur cramping pain in the upper abdomen, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The majority of the symptoms of gastroduodenitis in adults reminiscent of gastritis. In particular, we are talking about

  • nausea
  • pain in the stomach
  • the sense of fullness
  • decrease or loss of appetite
  • belching
  • heartburn
  • constipation or diarrhea.

In General, the symptoms of gastro are varied and depend on how structurally changed mucosa as pathological process what metabolic disturbances took place in the body, which was before the functional state of the stomach. Common signs of gastroduodenitis as a whole include weakness, sleep disturbances, lethargy, frequent pain in the head. Objectively, we can see pale skin, a manifestation of vitamin deficiency. Naturally, the severity of these symptoms depends on how disturbed metabolic processes in the body.

Diagnosis of gastroduodenitis

The appropriate diagnosis is made

on the basis of the inspection and the results of several studies, in particular x-ray, biopsy of the mucosa esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Also mandatory is the study of gastric secretion, which allows to identify the form of gastro, acidity level and determine the correct course of treatment.

Endoscopic examination

In the process of endoscopy at the gastro can detect diffuse or focal hyperemia of the mucous membrane, hypertrophy of the folds, edema. If you have atrophy, the mucous membrane is thinned and pale, with smoothed folds. The degree of atrophy in this survey cannot be determined. In the research process, specialist can identify the type of the disease

  • at a superficial gastroduodenitis are thickened folds of the mucous membrane of the stomach, and internal organs will have a slight edema
  • when hypertrophic gastroduodenitis will be expressed hyperemia and swelling of mucous membrane, slidetoplay plaque, punctate hemorrhages
  • mixed gastroduodenitis will be noticeable atrophy of some parts of the mucous membrane, while its swelling and giperosmolarnosti
  • with erosive gastroduodenitis will be expressed edema and multiple erosions of the mucous membrane. In the center of erosions will slidetoplay plaque.

Histological examination

Histological examination of the condition of the mucous membrane of the duodenum and stomach is one of the essential methods for diagnosis of gastroduodenitis. It gives the possibility to obtain reliable data on the extent of the inflammatory process or the development of degenerative process. Thus it is possible to check and confirm the symptoms of gastroduodenitis and prescribe treatment appropriate to the form of the disease.

Treatment of gastroduodenitis

Gastro need to be treated for a long time, sequentially, step by step. In the process you need to use streamlining overall, dietary and physical regimes, diet, antacids (in high kislotoproduktsii), stimulant reparative processes, multivitamins and other drugs that are recommended depending on the indication. It can be sedative and antispasmodic drugs, mineral water, herbal medicinal products, enzymes, etc.

If the gastroduodenitis with high acidity, treatment will include antisecretory drugs. They will suppress excess acid secretion for quite a long period.

You cannot stop the process of treatment. If untreated, the severe gastroduodenitis possible further development of ulcers, the occurrence of bleeding from the stomach and duodenum. Can also develop chronic gastroduodenitis, which at low pH is a precancerous condition.

Acute gastroduodenitis treated at home. The process takes 2-3 weeks. Necessarily need to stick to your diet.

Diet in gastro

Not allowed to take too hot or cold foods. You can’t swallow large pieces. You need to eat small portions but more frequently (up to 6 times per day). It is best to digest the food whose temperature is in the range of 37 degrees Celsius. The irregularity of the temperature regime meals may reduce the effectiveness of treatment.

When gastroduodenitis can be used

  • soups from cereals and soups (vegetable, meat, fish, mushroom)
  • lean meat
  • burgers without the crispy crust (steam or wind)
  • lean boiled fish
  • dairy products
  • boiled eggs and scrambled eggs
  • well-boiled porridge
  • any bread
  • fruits and vegetables in raw and cooked
  • vegetable and fruit juices
  • coffee, tea and cocoa in limited quantities (sugar with care).

For the treatment of gastro can apply physical therapy and other means, recommended by the gastroenterologist.

Recommend you read other articles on the subject Gastro


Gastroduodenitis is a joint inflammation of the mucous wall of the pyloric zone of the stomach and duodenum, characterized by atrophy and, as a consequence, metabolic disorders.


A common problem among the population is a pathological condition like chronic gastroduodenitis. More about this disease and methods of treatment read the article.


Erosive gastroduodenitis is one of the most common causes of gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer. On how the disease manifests itself, and how to treat it, read the article.


Gastroduodenitis is a joint inflammation of the mucous wall of the pyloric zone of the stomach and duodenum, characterized by atrophy and, as a consequence, metabolic disorders.


A common problem among the population is a pathological condition like chronic gastroduodenitis. More about this disease and methods of treatment read the article.


Erosive gastroduodenitis is one of the most common causes of gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer. On how the disease manifests itself, and how to treat it, read the article.