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Eczema

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Treatment


Eczema

it directly skin disease. Besides, it usually appears on exposed skin surfaces such as hands, face or feet. The disease usually is chronic in nature, and, at the same time, there are periods of exacerbation and remission.

Reasons

In fact, the real causes of eczema completely still has not been studied. But, clearly, eczema arises from several precipitating factors. Therefore, divide it into several types, among which are

  • true eczema, which occurs from various internal and external factors that are not fully understood. It can be and psycho-emotional stress, and diabetes, and trauma, and a vegeto-vascular diseases, and diseases of the thyroid gland or the digestive system, and genetic factors. This type is also called idiopathic eczema
  • atomic eczema, which can occur in those who are prone to allergic reactions. That is, is allergic to pollen, fur, food and so on. Or the disease may occur because of hereditary predisposition the family had asthma or similar diseases
  • professional eczema, which occurs because of prolonged exposure to particular chemical on the skin. So can occur eczema on hands even from a simple wash one and the powder. This type of eczema first appears at the place where it is directly exposed to the irritant, and then extends to other areas of the skin
  • microbial eczema caused by prolonged inflammatory process, which was caused by fungi or microbes. Microbial eczema is a serious disease that should be treated. For example, if the skin affected by the fungus Malassezia furfur type, seborrheic eczema, which is often localized on the scalp
  • varicose eczema that occurs mainly in the lower extremities. That is, it can be the result of improper blood circulation in varicose veins diseases.

Symptoms

Causes of eczema can be somewhat different depending on particular type of disease (disgidroticheskaya eczema, chronic eczema), but in most cases there are a number of symptoms, which can uniquely identify the disease.

Among the generalizing characteristics of eczema can distinguish

  • itching of the skin, which is very strong and may disturb sleep, the normal rhythm of life
  • the appearance on the skin of a site of inflammation, which is redness and condensed part
  • the appearance of the rash in the form of bubbles that form after opening of cracks or small wounds on the body
  • in the acute periods of the disease may be increase in temperature and a feeling of General malaise
  • after the peak of aggravation of the skin at the site of inflammation becomes dry and inelastic, crack.

Treatment

Common prescription treatment is not, as the doctor selects individually for each person the ways that the most he will do. Treatment is assigned depending on the type and form of the disease, the degree of its occurrence and manifestations, frequency of manifestations of inflammatory process and take account of the individual characteristics of each patient.

All the treatments are faster to eliminate contact with irritants. It is also necessary to organize proper nutrition during an illness. Make ointments or other medicines to eliminate itching of the skin, in order to avoid defeat and make infections.

General advice for people suffering with eczema

  • a diet that will not further provoke allergies. That is, to avoid citrus fruits, cocoa, chocolate, etc
  • to care of the skin using special cosmetic products (e.g., cream Bioderma, Topicrem)
  • to prevent skin contact with substances that exacerbate the disease
  • quiet lifestyle, eliminating stress and nervous tension.

Local treatment

Any type of disease, whether it is a dry eczema, or oozing eczema should be accompanied with elimination of bubbles on the affected surfaces of the skin. This is done by applying lotions with antiseptic solutions-a two percent solution of boric acid or a solution of potassium permanganate. But the main treatment based on the use of hormonal creams or ointments with the content of corticosteroids. These tools help to accelerate the healing of cracks appeared and ran after opening the bubbles also help to reduce inflammation.

Especially carefully it is necessary to approach to selection of drugs, when found eczema in children, as depending on the age category, not all drugs can be used as a treatment.

Modern therapy uses ointments such as Triderm, Elokom, Lokoid, Advantan and other. Don’t forget that assign hormone treatment on their own not because they have different side effects.

Recently there was a group of funds of non-hormonal type of topical calcineurin inhibitors, it Protopic, Pimecrolimus, which show good efficacy in the treatment of this disease. Using these drugs are easily eliminated itching and redness are the main symptoms that are bothering a person.

In the case of a microbial type of eczema it is necessary to use other special antibacterial and antifungal.

General treatment

Often, to eliminate itching prescribe Zyrtec, Suprastin, Tavegil, claritin anti-Allergy remedies. Systematic treatment with extensive affected areas or the absence of effect of external use. It can be injections or pills (Prednisone, Dexamethasone) and cytotoxic agents (Cyclosporine A).

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Chronic skin disease eczema, which is characterized by symptoms such as itching and rashes. Periods of exacerbation alternate with wellbeing. The formation of unpleasant bubbles often damages the face, hands, feet.


Eczema on hands visually resembles a rash with vesicles and erythema. This disease is also called weeping zoster. Symptoms of eczema on hands continuous education redness of the skin, with sensitive itching, which increases in the case if you start the treatment.


Eczema on the face is allergic in nature and is an inflammatory reaction of the skin. For the disease characterized by red spots that are very itchy and harness. A good dermatologist will properly diagnose and choose the most effective treatment.


Chronic skin disease eczema, which is characterized by symptoms such as itching and rashes. Periods of exacerbation alternate with wellbeing. The formation of unpleasant bubbles often damages the face, hands, feet.


Eczema on hands visually resembles a rash with vesicles and erythema. This disease is also called weeping zoster. Symptoms of eczema on hands continuous education redness of the skin, with sensitive itching, which increases in the case if you start the treatment.


Eczema on the face is allergic in nature and is an inflammatory reaction of the skin. For the disease characterized by red spots that are very itchy and harness. A good dermatologist will properly diagnose and choose the most effective treatment.