Dysplasia of the vagina
the disease associated with abnormal cell growth in the tissues of the vagina, caused by the human papillomavirus. Is an early stage of development cancer of the vagina.
The cause of dysplasia of the vagina
HPV or human papilloma virus causing dysplasia leads to abnormal maturation of cells, which is manifested in the form of external lesions or warts. Dysplasia is transmitted through direct sexual contact. The risk group includes women with multiple sex partners or promiscuous. Protected sex is not a prophylactic the virus is transmitted through a condom uncovered areas of the penis. Dysplasia can also occur as a genetically determined disease, caused by a chronic inflammatory process.
The spread of the disease
At-risk women under 25 years of age with a weakened immune system (Smoking, using alcohol or drugs). Often vaginal dysplasia occurs during pregnancy and in the postpartum period and in women who take progesterone drugs.
Symptoms of dysplasia of the vagina
Most often the disease has no symptoms or they are unobtrusive. Group warning signs on which it is possible to suspect the diagnosis include
- unusual bleeding from the vagina, which is not typical for graphics, and character of menstruation
- a sharp unpleasant vaginal odor
- pain around the cervix or inside the vagina
- back pain, swelling in the legs
- violation of the cycle of menstruation
- itching, discomfort
- uncharacteristic of the selection.
Depending on the depth of the lesion of stratified squamous epithelium, distinguish three forms of vaginal dysplasia mild or mild (affected up to a third of squamous epithelium, can be observed swelling and vacuolization of cells in the intermediate layer) medium or moderately expressed (affected more than half of the epithelium is apparent from the above symptoms and disturbance of the polarity arrangement of the epithelium) of the heavy or expressed (affected the entire thickness of the epithelium, there is no division of the epithelium into the layers).
Treatment of vaginal dysplasia
The process of treatment depends on the type of dysplasia and the nature of concomitant diseases (leukoplakia, pseudo, etc.). If the disease arose as a result of the inflammatory process is a complex therapy directed against the pathogen. For the treatment of severe dysplasia and severe affected areas are removed with a laser by surgical cone biopsy or cryotherapy.
For timely and easy treatment of dysplasia of the vagina it is important to diagnose the disease at an early stage. For this you need to contact an experienced gynecologist. Find the best doctor and make an appointment for an appointment via the website