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Dyspepsia

  1. Symptoms
  2. Reasons
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


Dyspepsia

violation of the digestibility of food in the digestive tract, which entails a disorder of the digestive organs and their pathology. Dyspepsia in Latin sounds like Dysspepsia what it means indigestion.

Symptoms

The symptoms that accompany indigestion

  • night in the epigastric region feels pain or discomfort
  • increased gazoobraznom in the stomach and intestines
  • satiety feeling for no apparent reason (hunger)
  • other symptoms of disorder of the digestive organs (nausea, burping, heartburn).

Form of the disease

It is customary to distinguish the main forms of dyspepsia

  • Organic dyspepsia: structural changes of the gastrointestinal tract (components the authorities have changed their position, pathology).
  • Functional dyspepsia – a less severe form of the disease when the digestive organs do not perform (or partially perform) their functions.

Subtypes of the disease

Alimentary dyspepsia. Sometimes

  • fermentation. A surplus of carbohydrates in the daily diet is the main cause of the disease. Products stimulating dyspepsia flour products, sweets, fruits, vegetables that cause flatulence in the gastrointestinal tract. Also the range of products includes drinks that produce fermentation and propagation of yeast in the intestines (brew beer). As a result, in the intestine by the action of yeast appears flatulence. The chair becomes frequent liquid and foamy with poor color and sour smell.
  • putrid. Protein products give rise to this disease. Namely meat, fish, eggs. They are a long time to digest and that cause disorder of the functioning of the organs. Putrefactive dyspepsia may occur when receiving a stale protein products in small quantities. The products of putrefaction in the digestive tract give rise to the overall fatigue and lethargy in the body. In the end, the microflora is not filled with the desired bacteria.The symptoms that accompany the disease putrefactive odor liquid stool the metabolic disorders, the urge to food intake reduced immunity
  • fat. The cause of the intake of animal fats in an invalid number.

Enzyme dyspepsia. Is caused by disruption of the organs that do not secrete digestive enzymes in sufficient quantity

  • gestagenna (with a shortage of gastric enzymes) – neuralgia of stomach
  • pancreatogenic (due to lack of pancreatic enzymes)
  • enterogenous (if there is insufficient intestinal juices)
  • gepatogenna (deficiency of bile secreted by the liver)
  • holetsistokinina (keep secretion).

Dyspepsia resulting from the reduction of absorbability of the intestines.

Infectious intestinal dyspepsia. Occurs in the presence of infection (acute bacterial or shigelloses) in the intestinal microflora.

Intoxication of intestinal dyspepsia. Occurs when food poisoning (stale food, poisons), viral infections, surgical pathologies.

Functional dyspepsia is a condition where healthy people develop symptoms that are characteristic of diseases of the stomach

  • discomfort and even pain in the abdomen, not stopping even after repeated visits to the toilet
  • frequent belching
  • severe nausea and vomiting
  • uncomfortable feeling that the stomach is full
  • chair chasny and irregular.

Reasons

What are the reasons for this state? A lot of them. Opredelennuyu may play a role, factors purely psychological stresses, neurological diseases. One should not discount the overeating and poor diet.

However, all of these can be hiding more serious diseases of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, problems with the biliary ways, with the pancreas. Sometimes throwing the bile into the stomach (reflux). And that it was really unpleasant perhaps in the stomach the tumor, but do not immediately conclude that it was a malignant tumor.

If the person long been any medications, it is possible that this reaction to them. Endocrine diseases can also give this picture.

And it is possible that severely disturbed local immunity. And in the case of women it may be that these symptoms are caused by pregnancy.

Functional dyspepsia is divided into several types. Classification is based mainly on the complaints of patients. Known describe the following types asennettuna, diskineticeski, nonspecific. In the first case, patients concerned about pain in the region of the pancreas, the second person feels heaviness in the region of the pancreas, nausea – having taken quite a bit of food, the person experiences a state of saturation. Non-specific shape is quite difficult to classify the complaints of the patients can be attributed both to the first and the second form of the disease.

Dyspepsia in children

Dyspepsia is observed in children even very young age. E the cause is often overfeeding of the baby, failure to comply with the diet, sharp introduction to the baby’s diet of new products. Plays an important role and how it feeds on the mother, it is possible that the cause of the disease rebnka was eaten by the mother’s unwashed fruit or drinking a glass of fizzy drink, which is categorically not recommended to use a woman during pregnancy and lactation.

It is necessary to consider that the gastrointestinal tract of a little baby are not quite developed, and, for example, unbalanced diet, and side effects from pharmacological agents, it can lead to such condition.

In adolescence, the cause of dyspepsia may be changes in the body and imbalance hormones. This period should be especially attentive to the complaints of a baby to its health, and not blamed for their unwillingness to do something.

In children dyspepsia is manifested almost the same as in adults, if it’s not about IDT serzno diseases. Stomach hurts, feels uncomfortable and heaviness in the abdomen. It is difficult to identify these symptoms in very young children who, because of their age are unable to explain what they feel, and crying is the only response to the processes occurring in their body.

Read more about fermentation dyspepsia

Depending on the reasons that cause it, the dyspepsia is intestinal, hepatic, gastric, putrid, fermenting and fat. Fermentative dyspepsia develops in the spring or summer, that is where the heat is. People drink a lot of fluids, which leads to dilution of digestive secrets.

Fermentative dyspepsia can be acute and chronic. Acute indigestion occurs when a person begins to eat unusual foods or a large amount of fiber in the summer is fresh vegetables and fruit.

The chronic form consequence of sharp, which were not treated in a timely manner. But it may develop with long-term mild food (for example, different diets) or when a person misuses food, rich in carbohydrates – this category includes and sweets.

Fermentative dyspepsia occurs usually in netilas form and quickly screwy treatment. Patients prescribed a special diet with limited amount of carbohydrates and, conversely, rich in proteins. Unsweetened tea, broth, chowder, only pretrty food, boiled or steamed. In addition, the mandatory fasting days. This is usually enough to the disease quickly retreated. But sometimes you need serious examination to properly diagnose, because sometimes indigestion is the result of serzno diseases.

Diagnosis

In the diagnosis of functional dyspepsia is collecting and a thorough medical history, use of laboratory and instrumental methods of examination. Examinations depend directly on the status of the person. The patient must take a blood test and urine tests, and if the doctor thinks this is not enough, conduct biochemical analysis of blood. To determine the type of dyspepsia is necessary to analyze the feces.

There are times when you need to determine what kind of microorganisms disrupts the proper functioning of the digestive system. For this test the patient’s breath and stool antigen test.

In order to correctly assign the treatment of dyspepsia, the patient carried out a full examination of all the organs of the digestive tract. Such surveys include, first and foremost, endoscopy of the stomach, esophagus and intestines. This examination is called differently and the esophagoscopy is performed by inserting esophagogastroscopy through the mouth. It may be performed with diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Endoscopy can often identify this illness at the earliest stage, or the presence of helicobacterial infection.

Be sure to take the analysis of gastric juice. This is necessary to determine the acidity of the stomach. To exclude or confirm the presence of tumors, the patient is prescribed ultrasound examination.

Endoscopy of the colon is done using a colonoscope which is inserted through the rectum. Carefully examines the entire colon, are identified in almost all diseases of this organ in the early stages. If polyps are found, they are immediately removed, because the presence of polyps in the intestine is considered a precancerous condition.

If there is suspicion of a tumor, we prescribe x-rays. Infringement of a motility examined by electrogastroenterography method.

Violation of the contractile function (peristalsis) of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum helps to explore method called esophageal and antroduodenal manometry.

Treatment

The treatment of this disease is based on eliminating the causes of indigestion of food, and sometimes, medication or passes without the use of drugs, however, often applies a comprehensive approach to treatment.

The patient is prescribed fasting. Adult 1-1. 5 day, rebnka for 12 hours. Food introduced into the diet gradually, carefully. Important at this time drinking regime. If it IDT about rebenke, after fasting estco need to control the regime of his power, to give food, the composition and number of which correspond to the age of the baby. Recommend to do circular massage tummy clockwise necessarily.

Infants after feeding it is useful to hold for 10-25 minutes in a vertical position to facilitate regurgitation. No need to tightly swaddle the baby.

And older children should limit or completely eliminate from the diet foods that cause heartburn sparkling water, citrus, too Salou or sugary foods, nothing fried, no meat.

If the diarrhea persists, your doctor may prescribe the necessary drugs, such as papaverine or belladonna in right dosages. To replenish vitamin supply of prescribed vitamins, and to fix the result will help the treatment of brackish water, which give the patient in tpam and small portions for 20 minutes before eating.

Usually, after one treatment, complications do not happen.

The purpose of medical treatment the doctor chooses depends on what was the cause of dyspepsia. If it is a disease of some organs, then the treatment is directed at it.

To avoid indigestion, it is necessary to remember about prevention. You must follow a proper diet. Refrain from snacking dry at work or on the street. Be wary of new foods. It would be good to get rid of bad habits, especially drinking. Get in the habit of washing vegetables and fruits, as well as hands, as corny as it may sound. Because the disease is easier to prevent than to treat long time.

Watch your health, regularly consult with the attending physician and, if necessary, pass a full examination. Your health is in your hands.