this is a congenital defect of the lips when the upper lip is cleft. In our time, specialists have proved that this change is only cosmetic defect which does not affect the physical and mental condition of the child. This change can be removed through plastic surgery. While doctors recommend that parents immediately take action upon discovery of this defect, as it affects correct reception of food and formation of speech in children. Harelip, the child may not smile, he needs special tools for the treatment of oral cavity and teeth. Such a change in the lips and mouth gives children both the cosmetic and physical discomfort, often negative impact on the formation of the dentition.
Cleft lip in children is divided into the following types, depending on the extent of damage and location of the defect
- through isolated cleft lip
- unilateral and bilateral (rare) cleft lip.
The manifestation of the disease harelip notice immediately after the birth of the child. Usually it is unilateral damage to the lip with cleft up to the nose or sometimes higher. Less common is bilateral defect, when the upper and on the lower lip is observed in the dissection depth. In this crevice it is possible to notice the teeth, maxillary bone and into the nasal cavity.
Cleft lip and cleft palate is a congenital disease of the face in cleft palate, the main problem is the sky baby, in a soft part and the hard bony part.
During pregnancy women the most important first trimester, when formed the basic system of the child and his genetic makeup. Infectious viral diseases (rubella, herpes, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus) during this period often causes defects of the head and neck of the child. Taking certain medicines during pregnancy also increases the risk of developing pathology in newborns. Complications can cause chronic maternal illness, STDs, problems during pregnancy. In our days there have been frequent cases of children born with cleft palates and other facial defects. Scientists believe that this is the cause of adverse ecological state of the environment, work or accommodation of girls and women on-site with hazardous industries, chemical, or radioactive exposure.
Another factor in the birth of a child with disorders is genetic predisposition. Scientists worldwide are trying to find the gene responsible for the formation of pathology of the maxillofacial part of the body. If both parents, one parent or the eldest child was born with a cleft lip, the probability of having a baby with the same defect is very high.
One of the most common causes of hare-lip in children is a non-Smoking women (passive or active) at the time of planning pregnancy and the pregnancy itself. Scientists have proved a direct correlation between the amount a mother smokes cigarettes and level of probability of disease in the baby.
The diagnosis of cleft lip doctors can put after ultrasound at 1620 weeks of pregnancy. However, this is not a reason for abortion. It is a cosmetic defect that does not affect the physical and mental development of the child.
When the diagnosis of the defect cleft lip doctors suggest plastic surgery after the birth of the child, which takes place in several stages. Cheiloplasty is appointed by the doctors who spetsializiruyutsya on such vices. They determine the number of operations, their timing and amounts. Before surgery you will undergo a number of specialists to identify and resolve other problems. This dental treatment is (required to eliminate tooth decay, so that during operation no contamination of the wound), audiologist, hearing healthcare professional. At the place of cleft lip after surgery, it leaves a wound that can get infected, what should be avoided. Also, the child should show and other specialists psychologist, speech therapist, phoniatry. Because of a defect in children often have speech problems, may decrease hearing and perception of sounds, they are more likely to suffer from colds.
The operation is usually carried out for the child who has turned 3 months. Further actions carried out on the advice of a doctor. After the appearance of the child’s permanent teeth usually put braces for alignment of the dentition. Children also get treatment with fluoride for normal growth and healthy teeth. Them carefully need to take hygiene of the oral cavity. Regular dental care can begin from the age of three. Prior to this period dentists recommend cleaning the teeth of children with a soft sponge on the handle. But you can use a toothbrush with soft bristles, if it is doing its job.