Cholangiocarcinoma (cancer of the intrahepatic bile duct)
a malignant tumor that develops from cells of the bile ducts and the bile ducts of the liver.
Causes of cholangiocarcinoma
In countries where disseminated parasitic helminth infections, development of malignant tumor may be triggered by infection with liver flukes and other parasites. The disease in some cases developed in people who are long term sick ulcerative
Risk factors include
- effects on the body chemicals (eg, thorium dioxide)
- hereditary diseases of the biliary tract (for example, cysts of the common bile duct)
- alcoholic liver disease
- adenoma of the biliary tract
- the shortage of alpha-1-antitrypsin.
100 thousand people diagnosed cancer intrahepatic bile duct 5 put patients. Of disease predisposed people older than 60. Among patients 1.5 times more than men. Cholangiocarcinoma is quite common in countries of the Far East, where widespread causative agents of the disease.
Symptoms of cholangiocarcinoma
Even a tiny tumor in the bile ducts can lead to the disease, symptoms of which are jaundice is absent appetite generalized itching skin weight loss the presence of aching pain in the right upper quadrant and epigastric pain.
With the development of infection adds another symptom of increased body temperature.
The disease is diagnosed through biochemical analysis of blood, ultrasound (which revealed the tumor and dilated bile ducts), computed tomography (for evaluation of tumor size and abdominal lymph nodes), vnutriportovaya ultrasonography and other common techniques.
Treatment of cholangiocarcinoma
Most often, the treatment is virtually no effect. Improvement is insignificant, which in a few months after diagnosis the patient dies. But if to diagnose the tumor at an early stage, it is possible to remove it surgically, which gives hope for longer survival. Allowed to liver transplantation, and, in the absence of the possibility of surgery drainage of the biliary tract, which improves the flow of bile and relieves from itching.
In order to properly and timely diagnose cancer of the intrahepatic bile duct and to provide treatment of the patient, it is important to contact an experienced medical oncologist. Choose the best experts for reviews and rating and make an appointment for an appointment using the website