or American trypanosomiasis is an infectious disease caused by protozoa colorless organisms that have a spindle shape.
Causes of Chagas disease
Chagas disease caused by trypanosome species Trypanosoma cruzi. This disease can be transmitted in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Venezuela. In connection with the migration of the population this disease is spreading in Europe and in the United States.
The disease can be transmitted by bugs of the subfamily Triatominae from an infected person or infected animals (wild rats, monkeys, opossums). Bugs are infected by the bite of infected people and can be carriers of the infection for two years.
The prevalence of the disease
Chagas disease was discovered in 1909. Worldwide infected with this parasite from 16 to 18 million. Every year, the disease kills about 50 thousand people.
The symptoms of Chagas disease
The disease can occur slowly, not manifesting themselves for years or decades, until the critical moment. The main symptoms of this disease include a rash swelling or redness at the site of infection of the skin headache fever swollen lymph nodes body pain nausea, vomiting diarrhea fatigue disruption of the spleen and liver.
In the chronic form of the disease may show no symptoms until irreversible damage to internal organs. Often develops cardiomyopathy, and gastrointestinal abnormal enlargement of the esophagus. The symptoms of chronic form include
shortness of breath
chronic abdominal pain
Diagnosis and treatment of Chagas disease
There are several available blood tests that are used to test for Chagas disease. Microscopic examination of the blood often requires the confirmation of the special immunological research that is conducted by experienced specialists in the field of Parasitology. For patients with chronic phase of Chagas disease can be used holterovskoe monitoring and electrocardiography, and manometry of the esophagus. These studies are used to determine the functionality of the gastrointestinal tissues and heart in the people infected with Chagas disease.
The treatment depends on the disease phase, and patient age. Treatment of the acute phase occurs with the use of antiparasitic drugs. At mid-term and uncertain phase for adult patients is not possible antiparasitic treatment, and children with this stage it is necessary to continue therapy.
You need to see a doctor-infectious disease, if laboratory studies indicate Chagas disease. Of course, when it comes to health, I want to find a good and experienced doctor who will prescribe the right treatment. Such specialists you can find on the website Doc.ua. To book an appointment online, using the services of the service.