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Cervical dysplasia

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. The degree of cervical dysplasia
  4. Diagnosis
  5. Treatment


Cervical dysplasia

the process of change in the epithelial layer of the cervix surface type. The basis for the development of epithelial changes in most cases is infection with HPV. Dysplasia of the uterus provokes changes in the structure and cellular composition of the epithelium of the cervix.

In frequent cases, the diagnosis of dysplasia helps to install other diseases that can be transmitted through sexual acts. Dysplasia of cervical epithelium is classified by experts as a precancerous process, so timely adoption of measures for the treatment of this disease, is able to prevent malignant development.

Reasons

Among the causes of cervical dysplasia are the following

  • the most frequent provocateur development of this disease is considered to be the penetration into the body of HPV
  • manipulation of obstetric-gynaecological, frequent abortion
  • bad habits, particularly Smoking
  • early beginning of active sexual life
  • casual sexual partners and a lot of them
  • diseases of the organs related to the pelvic area, which are chronic inflammatory-infectious character, for example, dysmenorrhea or adnexitis
  • a weakened immune system of the human body
  • infection, inflammation and sexually transmitted diseases
  • of ovarian dysfunction and other disorders that affect hormonal balance of the body.

Symptoms

The disease can occur without showing any symptoms.

In the case of concomitant infectious or inflammatory processes can be observed a certain symptomatic picture.

Main list of symptoms of dysplasia of the cervical epithelium

  • itching or the burning sensation that occurs in the genitals
  • profuse discharge from the vagina with the rubber foam, unusual odor and hue, for example, greenish, greyish or brownish
  • discomfort and pain when performing intercourse
  • effects on the uterus, which is mechanical in nature, may fail or be accompanied by bloody discharge. Such impacts include gynecological examinations, sexual acts, etc.

Cervical dysplasia during pregnancy occurs with the same symptomatic picture as in patients not carrying the fetus.

The degree of cervical dysplasia

Experts identify three main stages of development of the disease, which forms the list of forms of cervical dysplasia.

  • dysplasia of a uterus of 1 degree mild form of the disease. Characterized by a mild epithelial metamorphosis occurring in the cervix
  • when dysplasia of the uterus, 2nd degree, a process of epithelial changes covers one third of the epithelial layer of the uterus. Diagnosed moderate form of the disease
  • dysplasia of the cervix 3 grade diagnosed form of non-invasive cancer. It is characterized by abnormal change processes spanning the thickness of the epithelium fully. However, the degree of development of dysplasia unaltered fibers of the muscles, nerves and end the system of blood vessels.

Diagnosis

In the process of diagnosis of epithelial dysplasia of the cervix uses the following measures

  • gynecological examination
  • taking gynecological smears, allowing to define and development of the disease, also known as PAP is a study erased from different areas of the uterus cells under a microscope. The result of this method of diagnosis is to identify atypical or precancerous cells in the body and establishing the degree of development of dysplasia
  • colposcopy
  • a biopsy of the cervix a small study of the excised piece of the uterus, is exposed to inflammatory processes of the histological character
  • scraping the channels of the cervix, a follow-up study of the structure of tissues taken biological material
  • the tests, allowing to identify in the patient HPV. Performed method of determining virus DNA polymerase chain reaction, and the number of viral cells.


Treatment

Determination of methods of treatment of cervical dysplasia is based on the stage of the disease.

If the epithelial dysplasia of the cervix is the first stage of its development, the experts are the process of cauterization of the affected area of the body using special instruments, rather electrocoagulation and special types of lasers.

In the case of diagnosis of second or third degree of the disease development, recommended the use of surgical methods of treatment. The main methods of surgical intervention used in the treatment of this disease the excision. In some cases, you may be assigned to the surgical removal of the cervix.

The General methods of treatment of all stages of development of cervical dysplasia are

  • the use of drugs that can increase the immune status, both local and General, called immunomodulatory therapy
  • in the case of concomitant inflammatory and infectious processes occurring in the reproductive organs and is transmitted through sexual act shall be using a therapy to eliminate infections and inflammation.

After three months of treatment, the patient is required to ensure that it was carried out successfully. For this purpose, is re-examined by a doctor, accompanied by a smear on the definition of onkotsitologiyu and colposcopy.

The disease can have certain consequences, and the greatest danger for man is the metamorphosis of dysplasia in uterine cancer. The impact of the disease can also spread to the process of pregnancy, the sexual life of a person, the process of childbirth.

For disease prevention observe good personal hygiene, use of contraceptives and lead a moderate sex life. Also the prevention of disease is achieved through regular examination by a gynecologist.

Recommend you read other articles on the topic of cervical Dysplasia


Honest patient testimonials advantage DOC.ua. They are left only those who were really on the appointment, talked with a specialist and received treatment recommendations. In may, the most competent and friendly seemed patients gynecologists from Kharkov and Kiev, a neurologist from Odessa, as well as ultrasound diagnostician and podologist from Kiev. For when you record?


Honest patient testimonials advantage DOC.ua. They are left only those who were really on the appointment, talked with a specialist and received treatment recommendations. In may, the most competent and friendly seemed patients gynecologists from Kharkov and Kiev, a neurologist from Odessa, as well as ultrasound diagnostician and podologist from Kiev. For when you record?