inflammation of the vessel walls, which are small and medium-sized veins, systemic character. Affects the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth, genitals and internal organs, the skin. The disease is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the autoimmune system of the human body, i.e. when the immune system does not perceive the cells of the body.
Accurate conclusions about the true causes of the emergence and development of Behcet’s Disease, scientists currently can not say, despite numerous studies. However, many support the hypothesis that the cause of the disease is the infection bacterial or viral.
Most still tend to the version that contributes to disease genetic background, and also justify this by the development of this disease in people of certain nationalities.
The disease occurs in many countries, but especially in the Middle East and Japan, as well as in the Mediterranean. There it is revealed from the calculation from 1 to 19 cases per 10,000 people per year. In other countries, 3 times less. Age has a tendency, it is often seen in patients from 20 to 30 years.
The first major symptom three
- the defeat of the oral cavity. First appear small ulcers, hot pink, contained within a clear liquid. They give pain, tend to merge together. Their original identify and treat as the thrush, but the effect of this short-term, at least four times a year they recur
- injuries to the eyes. It occurs 2 weeks after the mouth and is manifested as conjunctivitis, iritis, keratitis, retinitis. Threatens complete loss of vision
- the defeat of the genitals. After the defeat of the mouth and eyes, the disease manifests itself on the genitals with painful ulcers.
These symptoms Behcet’s called the classic triad. Then there is the spread of the disease on the digestive tract and skin. As for the skin, in addition to rash, signs of the disease is a reaction to the injection at the injection site formed a pimple. In severe form affects the cardiovascular system.
First, treatment with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins. Weekly recommend a blood transfusion.
Depending on the severity of the disease, a laser and ultraviolet blood irradiation.